Environmental Organizations in Modern Germany: Hardy Survivors in the Twentieth Century and Beyond
German environmental organizations have doggedly pursued environmental protection through difficult times: hyperinflation and war, National Socialist rule, postwar devastation, state socialism in the GDR, and confrontation with the authorities during the 1970s and 1980s. The author recounts the fascinating and sometimes dramatic story of these organizations from their origins at the end of the nineteenth century to the present, with an analysis of the issues and strategic decisions that confront them at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The book describes how environmental organizations reacted to powerful social movements, including the homeland protection and socialist movements in the early years of the twentieth century, the Nazi movement, and the anti-nuclear and new social movements of the 1970s and 1980s, but it also examines their strategies for survival in periods like the current one, when environmental concerns are not at the top of the national agenda. The book joins a growing body of literature about environmental organizations in the U.S. and the UK but is the first book in English about environmental organizations in a non-English speaking country. Previous analyses of environmental organizations have almost invariably viewed them as parts of larger social structures, that is, as components of social movements, as interest groups within a political system, or as contributors to civil society. This book, by contrast, starts from the premise that through the use of theories developed specifically to analyze the behavior of organizations and NGOs we can gain additional insight into why environmental organizations behave as they do.
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Environmental Organizations in Modern Germany: Hardy Surviviors in the ...
William T. Markham
No preview available - 2011
activists activities agenda attract Bammerlin Bergstedt Berlin Berliner Zeitung BUND and NABU BUND's BUNDMagazin centralization Chapter citizens concerns confrontational cooperation countercultural criticism Democratic Die Zeit DNR Deutschland Rundbrief donations donors ecological economic efforts environment environmental groups environmental issues environmental movement environmental organizations environmental problems environmental protection environmentalists Felbinger fiir Alle Forderinnen Forderinnen und Forderer four organizations Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung Friends of Nature fundraising funds German environmental Germany's goals and strategies grassroots democracy Green League Greenpeace Deutschland Greenpeace Germany Greenpeace Nachrichten fiir Greenpeace's homeland protection ideology industry influence institutionalization interest groups internal interviewed Lander leaders legislation lobbying membership ment mobilization nature protection organizations Naturschutz Heute Nazi networks nizations nuclear power orga organiza organization's participation parties percent Poferl political pollution professionalization Robin Wood role ronmental SMOs social movement staff structure theory tion volunteers West German WWF-Deutschland