Environmental Organizations in Modern Germany: Hardy Survivors in the Twentieth Century and Beyond

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Berghahn Books, 2008 - Business & Economics - 407 pages
German environmental organizations have doggedly pursued environmental protection through difficult times: hyperinflation and war, National Socialist rule, postwar devastation, state socialism in the GDR, and confrontation with the authorities during the 1970s and 1980s. The author recounts the fascinating and sometimes dramatic story of these organizations from their origins at the end of the nineteenth century to the present, with an analysis of the issues and strategic decisions that confront them at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The book describes how environmental organizations reacted to powerful social movements, including the homeland protection and socialist movements in the early years of the twentieth century, the Nazi movement, and the anti-nuclear and new social movements of the 1970s and 1980s, but it also examines their strategies for survival in periods like the current one, when environmental concerns are not at the top of the national agenda. The book joins a growing body of literature about environmental organizations in the U.S. and the UK but is the first book in English about environmental organizations in a non-English speaking country. Previous analyses of environmental organizations have almost invariably viewed them as parts of larger social structures, that is, as components of social movements, as interest groups within a political system, or as contributors to civil society. This book, by contrast, starts from the premise that through the use of theories developed specifically to analyze the behavior of organizations and NGOs we can gain additional insight into why environmental organizations behave as they do.
 

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Contents

The Origins of Nature Protection Organizations
43
Nature and Environmental Protection
128
New Challenges at Centurys
153
The Social Context of Environmental
175
Concluding Observations
319
References
345
Index
396
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About the author (2008)

William T. Markham is Professor of Sociology, Chancellor's Resident Fellow in the International Honors College, and incoming Director of the Environmental Studies Program at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro. He is author of two other books and numerous journal articles on environmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations and civil society, the sociology of organizations, and social inequalities, and recently coedited a book on nature protection in Western nations. He has held visiting appointments at Wellesley College, the University of Texas, Humboldt University and the University of Essen in Germany, Wageningen University in the Netherlands, and the University of Buea in Cameroon. He is the recipient of three Fulbright awards. He is currently working on a book about environmental NGOs in Cameroon.

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