The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes
The essays in this book analyze and explain the crisis of democratic representation in five Andean countries: Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. In this region, disaffection with democracy, political parties, and legislatures has spread to an alarming degree. Many presidents have been forced from office, and many traditional parties have fallen by the wayside. These five countries have the potential to be negative examples in a region that has historically had strong demonstration and diffusion effects in terms of regime changes. "The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes" addresses an important question for Latin America as well as other parts of the world: Why does representation sometimes fail to work?
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actors Alberto Fujimori Andean countries Andean region assemblies authoritarian autonomy Bolivia Carlos Andres Perez chapter Chavez citizens coalition collapse Colombia CONAIE confidence in parties Congress constitutional contests COPEI corruption crisis of democratic crisis of representation Crisp decentralization decline deficiencies democratic representation deputies district economic Ecuador Ecuadorian electoral system Evo Morales five countries FREDEMO Fujimori groups Guayas Hugo Chavez ideological incentives indigenous movements institutionalized interests internal interpersonal trust intraparty Latin America leaders legislative legislature Lima Lucio Gutierrez major Mayorga mayors mobilization Movimiento municipal neoliberal neopopulist number of parties organizations participation Partido party system percent personalistic Peru and Venezuela Pizarro Leongomez politica political parties political representation political system politicians popular population president presidential candidates presidential election problems programmatic provinces Rafael Caldera regime repre representative democracy representatives responsiveness seats sectors Senate Shugart social movements subnational Table Tanaka tion tional traditional parties turnout urban vote voters