Inventing Hui-neng, the Sixth Patriarch: Hagiography And Biography in Early Ch'an
It was through the propaganda of Shen-hui (684-758) that Hui-neng (d. 710) became the also today still towering figure of sixth patriarch of Ch an/Zen Buddhism, and accepted as the ancestor or founder of all subsequent Ch an lineages. The first part of the book analyses the creation of the image of Hui-neng and the worship of a lacquered mummy said to be that of Hui-neng. Using the life of Confucius as a template for its structure, Shen-hui invented a hagiography for the then highly obscure Hui-neng. At the same time, Shen-hui forged a lineage of patriarchs of Ch an back to the Buddha using ideas from Indian Buddhism and Chinese ancestor worship. The second half of the book examines the production of the hagiographies of Hui-neng , how they evolved, and the importance of ideas about authorship and the role of place. It demonstrates the influence of Confucian thought, politics and the periphery in the growth of early Ch an hagiography and the changing image of Hui-neng.
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authority biography Bodhidharma bodhisattva Buddha Buddha-nature Buddhist Ch’an Ch’ang-an Ch’en Ch’oe China Chinese ching Ching-te ch’uan-teng lu Chou claims clan Confucian Confucius court Dharma disciples Dynasty Emperor Empress Wu enlightenment Fa-ju Faure ﬁgure ﬁrst ﬁve hagiography Hu Shih Hui-k’o Hui-neng Hung-jen imperial Indian inﬂuence Ishii Kao-seng chuan Korean Kuan-yin Kuang-chou Kyoto lacquer later Li-taifa-pao Liang lineage Ling-nan Liu Tsung-yuan Lo-yang Ma-tsu Mahakasyapa Maitreya Master Meditation Teacher Monastery monks Moreover mummy Nan-tsung Nan-yang Neng Nirvana Nirvana Sutra Northern Ch’an ofﬁcial P’ei P’u-chi Pao-lin chuan patriarchs Platﬁirm Sutra probably pupil reﬂected relics robe saints Sakya Shao-chou Shen-hsiu Shen-hui Silla SKSC South Southern stele stele inscription stupa Sung Suzuki T’ang Ta-i Taisho teaching Tokyo translation transmission transmitted Ts’ao Ts’ao-ch’i Ta-shih chuan Tseng-wen Tsu-t’ang Tun-huang University Press Vinaya Wang Wei wrote Wu-chu Yampolsky 1967 Yanagida Yanagida Seizan
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