The Oxford Handbook of British Philosophy in the Eighteenth Century
James A. Harris
OUP Oxford, 2013 - History - 670 pages
Philosophy in eighteenth-century Britain was diverse, vibrant, and sophisticated. This was the age of Hume and Berkeley and Reid, of Hutcheson and Kames and Smith, of Ferguson and Burke and Wollstonecraft. Important and influential works were published in every area of philosophy, from the theory of vision to theories of political resistance, from the philosophy of language to accounts of ways of governing the passions. The philosophers of eighteenth-century Britain were enormously influential, in France, in Italy, in Germany, and in America. Their ideas and arguments remain a powerful presence in philosophy three centuries later. This Oxford Handbook is the first book ever to provide comprehensive coverage of the full range of philosophical writing in Britain in the eighteenth century. It provides accounts of the writings of all the major figures, but also puts those figures in the context provided by a host of writers less well known today. The book has five principal sections: 'Logic and Metaphysics', 'The Passions', 'Morals', 'Criticism', and 'Politics'. Each section comprises four chapters, providing detailed coverage of all of the important aspects of its subject matter. There is also an introductory section, with chapters on the general character of philosophizing in eighteenth-century Britain, and a concluding section on the important question of the relation at this time between philosophy and religion. The authors of the chapters are experts in their fields. They include philosophers, historians, political theorists, and literary critics, and they teach in colleges and universities in Britain, in Europe, and in North America.
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actions Adam Smith Addison aesthetic affections argues argument association atheism beauty benevolence Berkeley Berkeley’s Britain Burke Butler Cambridge University Press cause century Christian civil government claim Clarke Clarke’s conception concerning constitution criticism David Hume Descartes discussion distinction Edinburgh eighteenth emotions Enlightenment Essay ethics experience faculty Francis Hutcheson genius Gerard God’s Hartley Henry Home History Hobbes human nature Hume Hume’s Hutcheson 2002 ideas imagination Indianapolis Inquiry John Locke Joseph Priestley Kames kind language Liberty Fund Locke Locke’s London luxury Malebranche matter mind moral philosophy moral sense motives natural philosophy necessitarianism Newton notion objects one’s original Oxford University Press pain particular passions perceive perception pleasure political Priestley principles qualities rational reason Reid Reid’s relation religion Scottish Scottish Enlightenment self-interest selfish hypothesis sensations sentiments Shaftesbury Shaftesbury 2001 Smith social society sublime sympathy taste theory things Thomas Thomas Reid thought tion Treatise virtue Whig