Saint-Laurent, Manitoba: Evolving Métis Identities, 1850-1914
University of Regina Press, 2004 - History - 137 pages
For the past 25 years there has been great interest in the study of all aspects of the Red River Metis and their history. This has been paralleled by an increase in pride for, and greater affirmation of, Metis identity by the descendants of these first families. This is especailly true when one visits and speaks to the residents of the small Manitoba village of Saint-Laurent du Lac. However, this study contends that this was not always the case. Between 1850 and 1914 the residents of Saint-Laurent experienced a series of social and economic changes with both internal and extenal origins that affected them in a variety of ways. This author contends that, first, prior to 1880 the Metis of Saint-Laurent led a more diversified life than the Metis specialized in bison hunting. Second, their self-identification as MEtis did not follow clear and steadfast "rules" as has been argued in past studies. Third, economic variations within the lakeshore community had been growing from 1850 onward and produced complex social inter-relationships that affected self-identity. After 1914, only a fraction of the descendants of families identified as "Metis" in 1870 considered themselves or were considered by others as being of Metis origin. The reasons for such identification had more to do with economic well-being, lifestyle and class position than with genealogy and ancestry.
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AASB activities Antoine Baie des Canards Baie St-Paul Baptiste bison hunting Bonneau Boyer Camper a Taché Canada Carriere Catholic census Chaboyer Coutu Cree declared deﬁned Delaronde Desjarlais Ducharme Duck Bay Duck Bay area economic Etienne family listed farmer Father Camper ﬁrst ﬁsh ﬁshermen ﬁshing ﬁve Fond du Lac Fort Rouge Francois French Canadian fur trade Guiboche heads of family History hivernants household Hudson’s Bay Company hunter hunting and gathering Indian Lake Manitoba Lake Winnipegosis lakeshore Laronde Laurent Lavallée lifestyle living Louis Louise married Metis Métis families Michel Chartrand mission missionaries MOHP Monkman née northern noted Oak Point occupation Ojibway Amerindian Pangman Parish of Saint-Laurent Paul Pierre Chartrand Red River Settlement residing Richard river lots Rouge Saint Saint-Boniface Saint-Francois Xavier Saint-Laurent and Oak Saint-Laurent area salt Saulteaux village Sayer shores of Lake ST-LAURENT I INDIGENT trading families University of Manitoba wife Winnipeg winter