Pacific Languages: An Introduction

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University of Hawaii Press, 1998 - Foreign Language Study - 359 pages
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Almost one-quarter of the world's languages are (or were) spoken in the Pacific, making it linguistically the most complex region in the world. Although numerous technical books on groups of Pacific or Australian languages have been published, and descriptions of individual languages are available, until now there has been no single book that attempts a wide regional coverage for a general audience. Pacific Languages introduces readers to the grammatical features of Oceanic, Papuan, and Australian languages as well as to the semantic structures of these languages. For readers without a formal linguistic background, a brief introduction to descriptive linguistics is provided.

In addition to describing the structure of Pacific languages, this volume places them in their historical and geographical context, discusses the linguistic evidence for the settlement of the Pacific, and speculates on the reason for the region's many languages. It devotes considerable attention to the effects of contact between speakers of different languages and to the development of pidgin and creole languages in the Pacific. Throughout, technical language is kept to a minimum without oversimplifying the concepts or the issues involved. A glossary of technical terms, maps, and diagrams help identify a language geographically or genetically; reading lists and a language index guide the researcher interested in a particular language or group to other sources of information.

Here at last is a clear and straightforward overview of Pacific languages for linguists and anyone interested in the history of sociology of the Pacific.

 

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I found this book in the Multnomah County library in Portland, Oregon, a few years ago. It's a good introduction to the language families of the Pacific. As the title suggests, Lynch focuses on the geographic region of the Pacific, rather than on one particular language family (although the majority of languages discussed are Austronesian). I enjoyed the book, and I would recommend it to anybody who is curious about the large number of languages in the Pacific region, as well as the region itself and the people who live there. 

Contents

The Languages of the Pacific
23
The History of the Austronesian Languages
45
The History of the Papuan
60
Sound Systems
75
Grammatical Overview
100
Grammatical Overview
166
Grammatical Overview
185
Languages in Contact
205
Language Society and Culture
237
Conclusion Ideas aboutPacific Language
272
Suggestions for Further Reading
279
Data Sources
285
Phonetic Svmbols
291
Glossary of Technical Terms
299
Notes
313
References
321

Pidgins Creoles and Koines
220

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