Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income

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Cambridge University Press, 1992 - Business & Economics - 448 pages
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Who gains and who loses from economic transformation in Eastern Europe is a key question--but one that is too rarely discussed. To understand the implications of the move to a market economy, it is necessary to know more about the distribution of income under Communism. This book assembles evidence about earnings, dispersion, income inequality and poverty in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, the USSR (with separate information for Russia, the Ukraine and other republics). It adopts a comparative perspective--bringing out the differences between these countries and the West, as well as within Central and Eastern Europe. It shows that widely held beliefs about Eastern Europe under Communism are not borne out by the evidence.
 

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Contents

Introduction and summary
1
Why study the distribution pre1990?
22
Data availability quality and comparability
40
The distribution of earnings
76
The distribution of household incomes
106
Interpreting income data
145
Measuring poverty
178
Poverty and the safety net
214
Sources and methods
246
List of tables in statistical appendix
284
Statistical appendix
292
Bibliography
421
Name index
435
Subject index
438
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About the author (1992)

Anthony Barnes Atkinson was born in Caerleon, United Kingdom on September 4, 1944. He received a bachelor's degree in 1966 from Churchill College, Cambridge. He was a fellow at St. John's College, Cambridge, from 1967 to 1971, a professor of economics at the University of Essex from 1971 to 1976, and a professor of political economy at University College, London, from 1976 to 1979. He taught at the London School of Economics from 1980 to 1992. He then returned to Cambridge, where he taught for two years, before moving to Nuffield College, where he taught from 1994 to 2005. As an economist, he studied the changes in the distribution of wealth and income, which allowed for a better understanding of poverty and inequality. He along with other scholars organized the World Wealth and Income Database, a resource for the comparative study of inequality. He wrote more than 40 books including The Distribution of Personal Wealth in Britain written with A. J. Harrison, Lectures on Public Economics written with Joseph E. Stiglitz, and Inequality: What Can Be Done? He died from myeloma on January 1, 2017 at the age of 72.

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