Economic Transformation in Eastern Europe and the Distribution of Income
Cambridge University Press, 1992 - Business & Economics - 448 pages
Who gains and who loses from economic transformation in Eastern Europe is a key question, but one which is too rarely discussed. This book examines the evidence about the distribution of income and poverty under Communism in Eastern Europe. Contrary to popular impressions, a great deal of information exists about the distribution of earnings and household incomes in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland. With glasnost much material previously kept secret in the USSR became available. The book contains extensive statistical evidence that has not previously been assembled on a comparative basis, and takes the story right up to the end of Communism. The findings bring out the differences in experience between countries under Communism: between Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, between Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland, and between the newly independent states of the former USSR.
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Introduction and summary
Why study the distribution pre1990?
Data availability quality and comparability
The distribution of earnings
The distribution of household incomes
Interpreting income data
Poverty and the safety net
Other editions - View all
annual income appears average basis benefits bottom Britain Budget Survey calculations capita income Central Chapter collective Communism compared comparison concerned considerable considered countries Czechoslovakia decile described distribution distribution of household distribution of income earnings Eastern Europe Eastern European economic effect employees equal equivalence estimates European countries evidence example excluded expenditure farm Females Figure Gini coefficient give given gross groups higher household housing Hungary important included increase Index indicated inequality interpolation less living lower Males mean measure median Methods monthly needs noted official particularly pensioners percent period persons Poland population poverty poverty line proportion published range recorded refer relate relative Report republics response rise Robin Hood rubles sample scale sector share social social minimum Sources Soviet standard Statistical subsidies subsistence Table types unit USSR wage Western workers
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