Closing the Gap in a Generation: Health Equity Through Action on the Social Determinants of Health : Commission on Social Determinants of Health Final Report
World Health Organization, 2008 - Medical - 246 pages
The Final Report of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health sets out key areas-of daily living conditions and of the underlying structural drivers that influence them-in which action is needed. It provides analysis of social determinants of health and concrete examples of actions that have proven effective in improving health and health equity in countries at all levels of socioeconomic development.
Part 1 lays out the rationale for a global movement to advance health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Part 2 outlines the approach the Commission took to evidence, and to the indispensable value of acknowledging and using the rich diversity of different types of knowledge. Parts 3, 4, and 5 set out in more detail the Commission's findings and recommendations. Part 6, finally, reprises the global networks-the regional connections to civil society worldwide, the growing caucus of country partners taking the social determinants of health agenda forward, the vital research agendas, and the opportunities for change at the level of global governance and global institutions-that the Commission has built and on which the future of a global movement for health equity will depend.
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ACTION AREA Africa approach beneﬁts capacity Chapter civil society coherent Commission on Social Commission recommends Commission’s determinants of health donors early child development ECDKN economic effective employment and decent empowerment ensure equity impact assessment equity surveillance system evidence ﬁnancial framework funding gender equity Geneva global governance groups health and health health equity impact health equity surveillance health impact assessment health inequities health sector health-care systems HelpAge International implementation improve income increased inﬂuence institutions International Labour Organization interventions investment Knowledge Network labour living low-income countries MDGs MEKN middle-income countries monitoring mortality Ofﬁce participation people’s policy-making political poor population promote public health regional reproductive health role rural signiﬁcant social determinants Source speciﬁc strategy strengthen targets trade UN-HABITAT UNICEF Universal Health Care urban WGEKN women workers World Bank World Health Organization