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Aant adj.ja alliteration allusion Angl Anglo-Saxon appears Arch battle Beitr Beowulf Bulb clause connected Cpds Danes Danish death doubtful dragon edition elements English Episode fact fela fight Finn Geats Germanic Gloss gold Grendel hall hand hilde historical Holt interpretation Intr king land legend meaning mentioned natural noun occurs ofer original parallel passage perhaps poem possible pres pret probably reference relation Schii Scyld secg seems Siev story Studies suggested sword tion translation verb viii waes warrior wk.m xxxv ZfdA
Page 251 - Suscipere tam inimicitias, seu patris, seu propinqui, quam amicitias, necesse est : nec implacabiles durant. Luitur enim etiam homicidium certo armentorum ac pecorum numero, recipitque satisfactionem universa domus : utiliter in publicum ; quia periculosiores sunt inimicitiae juxta libertatem.
Page 244 - Frode believed, and crossed alone to the island, loth to attack the beast with any stronger escort than that wherewith it was the custom for champions to attack. When it had drunk water and was repairing to its cave, its rough and sharp hide spurned the blow of Frode's steel. Also the darts that he flung against it rebounded idly, foiling the effort of the thrower. But when the hard back yielded not a whit, he noted the belly heedfully, and its softness gave entrance to the steel.
Page 251 - Principes pro victoria pugnant; comites pro principe. Si civitas, in qua orti sunt, longa pace et otio torpeat plerique nobilium...
Page lii - The poem of Beowulf consists of two distinct parts joined in a very loose manner and held together only by the person of the hero. The first of these does not in the least require or presuppose a continuation. Nor is the second dependent for its interpretation on the events of the first plot, the two references to the "Grendel part" being quite cursory and irrelevant (2351 ff.
Page xv - Then he leapt off the cliff into the force; the priest saw the soles of his feet, and knew not afterwards what was become of him. But Grettir dived under the force, and hard work it was, because the whirlpool was strong, and he had to dive down to the bottom, before he might come up under the force. But thereby was a rock jutting out, and thereon he gat; a great cave was under the force, and the river fell over it from the sheer rocks. He went up into the cave, and there was a great fire flaming...
Page l - The Christian elements are almost without exception so deeply ingrained in the very fabric of the poem that they cannot be explained away as the work of a reviser or later interpolator.
Page 252 - One priest alone is permitted to touch it. He is able to perceive when the goddess is present in her sanctuary, and accompanies her with the utmost reverence as she is drawn along by cows. It is a season of rejoicing, and festivity reigns wherever she deigns to go and be received. They do not undertake hostilities or take up arms ; every weapon is put away ; peace and quiet are then only known and welcomed, until the goddess, weary of human intercourse, is at length restored by the same priest to...
Page lviii - Furthermore, different parts of a story are sometimes told in different places, or substantially the same incident is related several times from different points of view. A complete, connected account of the history of the dragon's hoard is obtained only by a comparison of the passages, 3049 ff., 3069 ff., 2233 ff. The brief notice of Grendel's first visit in Heorot (122 f.) is supplemented by a later allusion containing additional detail (1580 ff.).
Page 239 - Ipse Scef cum uno dromone advectus est in insula oceani quae dicitur Scani, armis circumdatus, eratque valde recens puer, et ab incolis illius terrae ignotus ; attamen ab eis suscipitur, et ut familiarem diligenti animo eum custodierunt, et post in regem ehgunt : de cuius prosapia ordinem trahit Athulf rex.
Page cxviii - There is no evidence to show that 'a Beowulf legend' had gradually grown up out of popular stories that had been brought over to England by the migrating Angles. If such were the case, it would be inexplicable why the exclusive interest in Scandinavian legends remained virtually unimpaired, and why in particular such a minute attention to the fortunes of Northern dynasties continued to be manifested in the epic.5 In his book on Beowulf, WW.