Fides Christi: The Justification Debate

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Four Courts Press, 1997 - Religion - 285 pages
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The debate on the nature of Christian justification and its implications for the whole of Christian life was at the heart of the teaching of Luther and of the Reformation movement. After several centuries of distancing between Catholics and Lutherans on this fundamental theological question, its ecclesiological, ethical and spiritual virtualities have been reexamined in recent times, and considerable common ground has been established. The mature fruit of this research will, it is hoped, be the publication of a Joint Common Declaration by Catholics and Lutherans on the doctrine of justification.

This study is the result of several years of lecturing on justification and investigating the debate. A first (historical) part of the work contains a brief and incisive account of Luther's own understanding of justification. The second (analytical) part examines a variety of perspectives that over the last century have given new life to the debate: the history of dogma, the doctrine of justification as a hermeneutical principle, Pauline understanding of justice, law and the Gospel, the relationship between ecclesiology and grace. The final chapter explains one by one the fundamental elements of the doctrine of justification in the context of the tensions still remaining Between Lutheran and Catholic theology.

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Luthers contribution to the doctrine on justification
Interpretations of Luther on justification

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Common terms and phrases

4QMMT A.E. McGrath action Andreas de Vega Andreas Osiander Anglican antinomian antinomistic Augsburg Confession Augustinian Baptism Barth believer biblical Book of Concord Bultmann Catholic Catholics and Lutherans Christian Christian anthropology Christology Christophany Church Cinisello Balsamo concupiscence Confessio Augustana considered Corpus Reformatorum Council Council of Trent covenantal nomism criteriological Deism dialogue Diet of Regensburg divine divine grace doctrine of justification document Domingo de Soto E.P. Sanders Ebeling ecclesiological ecumenical Emphasis added eschatological Eucharist Evangelical existential F.F. Bruce faith alone forensic formal cause Formula of Concord Gabriel Biel Galatas Galatians Gasparo Contarini gift giustificazione Gnesio-Lutherans God's grace gospel Gottingen Heidelberg Disputation hermeneutical himself Holy Spirit However human ibid idem imputed righteousness insistence insofar Iustitia Dei J.D.G. Dunn Jesus Christ Johannes Gropper Josemaria Escriva Judaism justifica justification by faith justification theology justifying grace Karl Barth Kasemann Kerygma Kirche kirchentrennend law and gospel Lehrverurteilungen Leuenberg Agreement Lumen gentium Luther Lutheran World Federation Lutherans and Catholics man's Melanchthon mercy merit Minneapolis original sin Paul Paul's Pauline Paulus peccatum Pelagian Perspectives on Paul Pharisees Pietists Pighius prevenient grace principle Protestant Qumran reality Rechtfertigung Rechtfertigungslehre Reformation righteousness Ritschl sacraments salvation sanctification saving Scotists semi-Pelagian Seripando sinner sola fides sola gratia sola Scriptura solus Christus soteriology Summa Theologiae Testament theology Thomas Aquinas Thomistic tion Trent Tubingen understanding VELKD words

About the author (1997)

Paul O'Callaghan is professor of Christian anthropology at the Pontifical University of the Holy Cross in Rome and fellow of the Pontifical Academy of Theology. He is the author of The Christological Assimilation of the Apocalypse (2004) and Christ Our Hope: An Introduction to Eschatology (2011).

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