Lime-trees and Basswoods: A Biological Monograph of the Genus Tilia
Lime trees (Tilia spp.) are widely distributed and locally important members of northern temperate broad-leaved forests. In marked contrast to the largely uniform morphology of the genus its taxonomic treatment has become increasingly confused and controversial, with over one hundred species and numerous subspecies described. Using extensive data from field studies of natural populations around the world, this book clarifies the situation, proposing a revised taxonomy of 23 species and 14 subspecies. Detailed descriptions are provided for all recognised taxa and are accompanied by illustrations. Data from herbaria and cultivated trees are used to extend the analyses where appropriate and type specimens are included to stabilise nomenclature. Lime tree ecology is also considered, with an exploration of experimental and analytical data on regeneration, growth and reproduction in relation to climate and soils. Additional material includes a glossary of botanical terms and appendices of herbarium codes and relevant physical concepts.
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Geological history ofthe genus
Physiological ecology ofTilia
I4 Floral and reproductive ecology ofTilia
I5 Association ofTilia With human activity
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abaxial surface Acer altitudes americana amurensis apex axils basal base blade bracts branches brown buds canopy caroliniana subsp caucasica China chinensis chingiana Chromosome number collected cyme dense described diameter distribution eastern europaea Europe Fagus fasciculate fasciculate hairs ﬁeld Figure ﬁrst ﬁve ﬂowers fruits glabrous herbarium heterophylla holotype Hubei hybrid hybridisation identiﬁed inﬂorescences leaf leaves lectotype lime-trees lobes localities lower surface main veins mandshurica marginal teeth miqueliana mm long mongolica mountains normally northern occurs ofthe ofTilia oliveri ovate paucicostata pedicels peduncle petals petioles phloem Pigott planted platyphyllos pollen populations Quercus rainfall Rehder seedlings seeds Sepals shan shoots Sichuan signiﬁcant simple hairs slopes soils southern sparse species of Tilia specimens stamens staminodes stellate hairs stellate tomentum stems subspecies synonyms Synonymy taxa temperatures Tilia caroliniana Tilia cordata Tilia tuan tomentosa tomentose tomentum trees triangular tuan Twigs usually variation western wide woodland woods Yunnan