The Hellenistic period was a rich and exciting time for philosophy. It saw the birth of two new schools of thought, Epicureanism and Stoicism, and important developments in Plato's Academy. Aristotelians and Cynics were also active during the period, all of which created a vibrant philosophical landscape. Many of the ideas now associated with early modern and enlightenment philosophy - such as empiricism, materialism, and religious scepticism - were widely discussed by Hellenistic philosophers. In Hellenistic Philosophy, Sellars offers a thematic introduction to the philosophy of this era. The author highlights the very practical outlook common of the time, in which philosophy was seen as a guide for life, and summarizes the key debates on a series of topics, ranging from epistemology to political philosophy. The works of Hellenistic philosophers had a vital influence on later thought, and especially on the development of early modern philosophy. In providing an accessible outline of this important era, the book is of particular use to students and general readers interested in the period. It is also an invaluable resource for teaching with its guide to Hellenistic philosophers, chronology, and extensive cross-references to standard collections of ancient texts.
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Acad Academy According Aenesidemus ancient Antiochus Arcesilaus argued arguments Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle’s assent Athens atoms beliefs body Carneades Chrysippus Chrysippus’s Cicero Cleanthes concerned cosmos Crates Critolaus Cynic death debate Diog Diogenes of Babylon discussion distinction divine emotions Epicurean Epicurus Epicurus’s ethics evidence exist external fate fear further gods Greek happy hedonism Hellenistic period Hellenistic philosophy Hellenistic schools human idea IG II-1 judgement kataleptic knowledge Laert later living Lucretius Lucretius’s Lyceum metaphysics mind Nature one’s pain Panaetius Peripatetics Philo Philodemus philosophical activity physical Plato pleasure Plutarch pneuma political Posidonius psuchÍ pupil Pyrrho Pyrrhonian Pyrrhonist reason reference reports scepticism Sedley seems Seneca sensation sense Sextus Empiricus Sharples simply Socrates soul Stoa Stobaeus Stoic Stoic claims Stoicism suggests Texts Theophrastus therapeutic therapy things thought traditional trans translated Tusc virtue void Wehrli Zeno Zeno of Citium Zeno’s