Halogens and Noble Gases

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Infobase Publishing, 2010 - Gases, Rare - 192 pages
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In spite of their adjacency in the periodic table, halogens and nonmetals have very different properties. Halogens are among the most chemically reactive elements in the periodic table, exhibiting a diverse chemistry in terms of the large numbers of compounds they can form. On the other hand, noble gases are the least chemically reactive elements. In fact, before the 1960s, chemists referred to these elements as inert gases, because it was believed that they exhibited no chemistry whatsoever. Providing the basics of these elements, including their role in history and some of the important scientists involved in their discovery, this new, full-color resource features up-to-date scientific understanding in a clear and accessible format. Halogens and Noble Gases examines the ways humans use halogens and noble gases and the resulting benefits and challenges to society, health, and the environment. Fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, helium, and krypton are covered in this book, along with the fundamentals of chemistry and physics as well as possible future developments in halogen and noble gas science and its applications.
 

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Contents

Preface
viii
Acknowledgments
xi
Introduction
xiii
Chemistry and Physics Background
xviii
The Halogens
xxxv
Fluorine Corrosive Toxic and Remarkable
xliii
Chlorine From Table Salt to Safe Swimming
lv
Bromine Unusual at Room Temperature
lxix
Krypton and Xenon
cxxv
Radon A Common Menace
cxxxvi
Conclusions and Future Directions
cxliii
SI Units and Conversions
cxlvii
List of Acronyms
cxlix
Periodic Table of the Elements
cl
Element Categories
cli
Chronology
clii

Iodine and Astatine So Alike Yet So Different
lxxxi
The Noble Gases
xciii
Helium From Balloons to Lasers
xcviii
Neon Known for Its Glow
cxi
Argon
cxix
Glossary
clvii
Further Resources
clxx
General Resources
clxxv
Index
clxxxii
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