Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry No. 6, Issue 6

Front Cover
Springer Science & Business Media, Dec 6, 2012 - Science - 381 pages
In the last decade, the evolution of electrochemistry away from concern with the physical chemistry of solutions to its more fruitful goal in the study of the widespread consequences of the transfer of electric charges across interphases has come to fruition. The turning of technology away from an onward rush, regardless, to progress which takes into account repercussions of techno logical activity on the environment, and the consequent need for a reduction and then termination of the injection of CO into 2 the atmosphere (greenhouse effect), together with a reckoning with air and water pollution in general, ensures a long-term need for advances in a basic knowledge of electrochemical systems, an increased technological use of which seems to arise from the environmental necessities. But a mighty change in attitude needs to spread among electro chemists (indeed, among all surface chemists) concerning the terms and level in which their field is discussed. The treatment of charge transfer reactions has often been made too vaguely, in terms, it seemed, of atom transfer, with the electron-transfer step, the essence of electrochemistry, an implied accompaniment to the transfer of ions across electrical double layers. The treatment has been in terms of classical mechanics, only tenable while inadequate questions were asked concerning the behavior of the electron in the interfacial transfer. No process demands a more exclusively quantal discussion than does electron transfer.
 

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Contents

Chapter
1
Chapter
2
Theoretical Background
3
Chapter
5
Some Results from Statistical Mechanics
9
Approximation Techniques
14
Monte Carlo and Molecular Dynamic Methods
16
Other Approximation Methods
21
Conclusion
237
tion
246
Developments of the Quantum Mechanical Theory
258
Absolute Reaction Rate Approach to ChargeTransfer
275
Electrostatic Treatment of the Rate of Redox Reactions
281
Ion Tunneling
302
Concluding Remarks
314
The Adiabatic Principle and Related Approxi
320

MacMillanMayer Theory
36
Thermodynamics
44
Results Which Are Independent of the Model
48
Properties of the Primitive Model
53
Some Other Models with Discontinuous Potentials
66
Models with Continuous Potential Functions
73
Model Calculations in Some Related Areas
82
Supplement
84
Acknowledgment
86
Definitions
91
Surface Potential of Aqueous Solutions of Inorganic
100
Ionized Monolayers
121
Incompletely and Unionized Monolayers
145
Notation
153
Chapter 3
159
Convective Diffusion at Electrodes with Flowing Solu
182
IV Electrodes under Free Convection
197
ELECTROCHEMICAL PROCESSES IN GLOW DISCHARGE AT THE GAS SOLUTION INTERFACE A Hickling I Introduction
329
History
330
Experimental Technique
331
Physical Features of GDE
335
GlowDischarge Phenomena in Conventional Elec
339
trolysis
340
Chemical Results of GlowDischarge Electrolysis
344
Aqueous Solutions of Oxidizable Substrates
347
Other Inorganic Reactions in Water
351
Nonadueous Reactions
352
Chemical Effects of Other Discharges
354
Mechanism of GlowDischarge Electrolysis
356
GlowDischarge Electrolysis and Radiation Chemistry
368
Applications of GlowDischarge Electrolysis
370
References
371
Index
375
Copyright

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