The Syntax of Anaphora
Oxford University Press, USA, Apr 8, 2004 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 313 pages
In this work, Ken Safir develops a comprehensive theory on the role of anaphora in syntax. First, he contends that the complementary distribution of forms that support the anaphoric readings is not accidental, contrary to most current thinking, but rather should be derived from a principle, one that he proposes in the form of an algorithm. Secondly, he maintains that dependent identity relations are always possible where they are not prohibited by a constraint. Lastly, he proposes that there are no parameters of anaphora - that all anaphora-specific principles are universal, and that the patterns of anaphora across languages arise entirely from a restricted set of lexical properties. This comprehensive consideration of anaphora redirects current thinking on the subject.
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2 The Interpretation of Anaphoric Relations from Syntactic Form
3 Competition and Complementarity
4 Coargument Coconstrual and the Varieties of Dependent Identity
5 Anaphors and Domains
6 Competitive Narrowing and Morphological Form
7 Principles of Anaphora in the Architecture of Syntactic Theory
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adjunct affix algorithm antecedent appear argue argument assume assumption bound reading c-antecedent c-command chapter Chomsky clause clitic coargument coconstrual coindexation complementarity complementary distribution condition contexts contrast coreference dative deictic dependent form available dependent identity dependent interpretation dependent reading dependent scale derivation discussion disjoint reference distinction distribution domain of LAL effects ellipsis English environments example feature formal grammar FTIP FTIP competition German grammar head Hellan Hindi independent pronoun indistinctness inherent reflexives internalist John John’s languages Lasnik lexical loves marked Mary morphological nominal nonanaphoric noncoreference notion null numeration obviative overt permit plural position possible Pragmatic Obviation predicate pronominal pronoun-SELF properties proposed proxy readings quantified r-expression reciprocal referential reflexive readings Reinhart relational anaphors represent requires restricted Reuland Safir Sean loves semantic sentence sort speaker specific structure subject orientation syntactic syntactic predicate syntax tensed thematic theory theta roles tion UD-form vehicle change verb zibun zich zichzelf ziji