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according action apodictic APOTOME appetite called categorical imperative causality cause choice co-action cogitated commandment condition conduct consciousness consists constitution Critik determination duty owed effect emotion evil existence external farther feeling fit for law formal ground happiness human idea duty idea freedom Intelligent intuition judgment Kant kind knowledge lative law universal legislation man's mankind matter maxim means merely mind moral law nature necessary necessity notion Noumena noumenon object objective law obligation obtaining betwixt one's ordains originary ourselves PEERAGE LAW perception person pheno phenomena phenomenon philosophy physical system position possible posteriori practical law principle priori proposition pure practical reason regard representation represented reverence rience rule self-love sense sensible sensitive sensory sentiment singly space speculative reason spring substratum supreme synthesis synthetic synthetic a priori synthetic propositions thing thing-in-itself tical tion tive unconditioned understanding vice virtue whence whereby worth
Page 61 - is that kind of causality attributed to living agents, in so far as they are possessed of reason, and freedom is such a property of that causality as enables them to originate events, independently of foreign determining causes...
Page xviii - Praeterea, ut bene sperent, neque Instaurationem nostram ut quiddam infinitum et ultra mortale fingant, et animo concipiant ; quum revera sit infiniti erroris finis et terminus legitimus.
Page 136 - ... somewhat different points of view, had been followed in England by Cudworth, Clarke, and Price, became still more celebrated in Germany through the writings of Kant. By him all a posteriori methods of accounting for the nature and origin of morality are rejected as alike insufficient and degrading : ' Duty ! Thou great, thou exalted name ! Wondrous thought, that workest neither by fond insinuation, flattery, nor by any threat, but merely by holding up thy naked law in the soul, and so extorting...
Page xxv - ... experience ; as conversely what truth or perception soever is present to the mind, with a consciousness not of its necessity but of its contingency, is ascribable not to the agency of the mind itself, but derives its origin from observation and experience.
Page 13 - Ethics,' there occurs the following characteristic passage : ' What, therefore, I have to do in order that my volition be morally good, requires no great acuteness. How inexperienced soever in the course of external nature, I only ask, Canst thou will thy maxim to become law universal? If not, it is to be rejected, and that not on account of any disadvantages emerging to thyself and others, but because it is unfit for law in a system of universal moral legislation ' ' (weil sie nicht als Princip...
Page 101 - ... priori, namely, that we are conscious of a practical law a priori as we are conscious of theoretical ones, by attending to the necessity with which reason obtrudes them on the mind ; and, by separating from them all a posteriori conditions, we arrive from the first at the idea of a pure will, as from the last at the idea of a pure understanding.