A History of Religion East and West: An Introduction and Interpretation
The religious traditions of Asia and Europe, the 'East' and 'West' of the title, are sometimes regarded as being in sharp contrast with each other, the one 'mystical', the other 'prophetic'. Whenever their religions are not so contrasted they are usually treated in isolation from each other: the religion of Israel, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Dr Ling, however, stresses that there is considerable overlap and interpenetration between the two types and areas, and that it is important to see the historical inter-relation between these religions and to observe how, during given periods of history, there are parallel developments or significant divergences. He covers the period 1500 B.C. to the present time, providing an outline of the development of Asian and European religious traditions and institutions, and discussing the social and economic factors involved in the development of religous traditions, although he shows that such factors alone do not account for the religious life of man. Dr Ling goes on to interpret the contemporary significance of these religions and their potential for the future life of humanity. He suggests that the present stage of religious advance is characterised by open-endedness towards the future; not all religions exhibit this character, but none has yet exhausted the possibilities of development. This book is intended for use an an introduction to the study of religion. Although reference is made in the text to sources of further information, the book can be used without reference to them.
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NOMADS PEASANTS AND KINGS I
Summary and comment on Chapter One
Summary and comment on Chapter Two
SCRIBES MONKS AND PRIESTS
Summary and comment on Chapter Three
CREEDS AND CONFORMITY
Summary and comment on Chapter Four
Summary and comment on Chapter Five
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Abhidhamma ancient appears Arab Aryan Asia attitude became become belief brāhman Buddha Buddhist Burma Burmese caliph Catholic centre century B.C. Ceylon characteristic China Chinese Christian Church civilisation conception concerned cult culture death deity Dhamma divine doctrine early East Egypt emergence emperor emphasis empire especially Europe evil existence fact faith feature Gnosticism Hebrew Hindu Hinduism holy human hymns important influence Islam Israel Japan Jerusalem Jesus Jewish Jews Judaism kind king known later Mahāyāna Mecca medieval meditation missionary modern monarchy monasteries monastic moral movement Muhammad Muslim Mutazilites mystical nibbāna organisation orthodox Pātaliputra period Persia philosophical political possible practice prophets Protestant Qur'an Rāmānuja reform regarded religion religious ideas religious traditions ritual Roman rule ruler sacred Sangha scriptures sects secular seen social society South India spirit teaching temples territory theology Theravāda thought tribes Umayyad Upanisads Vedic Western worship Yahweh Yahwistic Zoroastrian