Church and Society in Eighteenth-Century France: Volume 2: the Religion of the People and the Politics of Religion

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Oxford University Press, 1999 - History - 866 pages
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This second volume begins with a Section on the religion of the people. The clergy offered the liturgical services, sermons, evangelistic missions, and the offices sanctifying birth, marriage, and death; distinctions are made between what they intended and how their ministrations werepopularly interpreted and incorporated into the social order. Statistical soundings concerning the extent of religious practice and the degree of conviction involved are evaluated. Further chapters deal with processions, pilgrimages, and popular practices and superstitions, with hermits andconfraternities, with the impact of reading the Bible and other edifying literature in an age of increasing literacy. Finally comes a view of the twilight world of magic and sorcery. Throughout this Section the comments of theologians and thinkers of the Enlightenment are recorded, whether incoincidence or contradiction. The next section deals with the efficacy of the confessional and the role of the casuistry of the Church in attempting to mould sexual mores, business practices, and in the world of the theatre. In the next two Sections, the role of religious issues in political affairs is detailed. An overview of the Jansenist quarrel and of the activities of the Jesuits brings in the story of the struggle between Crown and Parlement, while an extended portrayal of the life of the Protestant and Jewishcommunities leads to the history of the debate on toleration, involving the Gallican Church in political interventions and controversy. Throughout the two volumes the rising forces of anticlericalism and the tensions within the ecclesiastical establishment have been recorded, and these themes come to their climax in a final section on the role played by churchmen in the coming of the Revolution.
 

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Contents

From Baptism to the Requiescat in pace
3
Liturgical Worship
40
Sermons
58
The Cures Prone and Parish Missions
78
Religious Practice
94
On the Margins of Official Religion
119
Confraternities I
156
2i Popular Religion and Clerical Reformers
189
From the Regent to Fleury
398
The Changing Face of Jansenism
423
Fleurys Repression and the Interventions of the Parlement
456
The MidCentury Crisis
481
The Jesuits of France
509
The Fall of the Jesuits
530
THE RELIGIOUS MINORITIES AND THE 1SSUE OF TOLERATION
563
The Great Persecution
565

The Dark Side of the Supernatural
221
THE CLERGY AND MORALS
239
The Confessional
241
Commercial Loans and Lotteries
263
Sexual Passion
277
The Theatre
312
JESUITS AND JANSENISTS
343
The Jansenist Quarrel
345
Unigenitus
353
The Appeal to a General Council
370
Cruelty and Compromise 17001774
589
Routine Intolerance
626
Towards a Grudging Toleration 17741789
644
The Twilight of Jansenism
661
The Political Role of the Bishops
679
The Revolt of the Cures
705
Notes
745
Index
830
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About the author (1999)


Very big author. This is his magnum opus, the culmination of 40 years work.

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