The Rise and Rise of Road Transport, 1700-1990
Cambridge University Press, Sep 28, 1995 - Business & Economics - 87 pages
Most books about Britain's transport history have concentrated on canals and railways. It is now clear that a great deal of traffic went by road even before turnpikes, and that goods as well as passenger services were much more highly developed than previously thought. Development of road transport continued during the Canal and Railway Ages and expanded with the advent of more efficient but more environmentally damaging motor vehicles. This book will be an essential book not only for transport specialists but also for genealogists, geographers, motor engineers, and those interested in technical change.
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Goods transport to the 1830s
Goods transport in towns
The essence of eighteenthcentury road transport
Change in the carrying trade
Horse tramways for all
The significant pedal cycle
by steam electricity or internal combustion?
The rapid mechanisation of passenger transport by road 190414
The more gradual mechanisation of goods transport by road
Motor transport between the wars
The growing importance of the motor bus
The significance of road transport
Passenger transport to the 1830s Greater change than in goods transport
Stage coach expansion explained
Other forms of passenger transport by road
Contribution to economic growth
Road transport in the railway age
Omnibuses and hackney carriages for the middle classes
Other editions - View all
Aldcroft & Freeman areas Bagwell Barker became better roads bicycles Britain British British Electric Traction buses canals carriage cars carts cattle cent centre Chartres chiefly coal coastal common carriers cost developed droving Economic History Society eighteenth century electric engines England especially Everitt example Exeter fares faster fly waggons freight transport Gerhold greater speed grew growth hauliers heavier horse breeding horse-drawn important improved increased industry Jackman less Liverpool loads London carriers long-distance lorries Manchester mechanisation miles per hour million journeys Motor bicycles motor bus motor cycles motor vehicles nineteenth century number of horses old pence operating packhorses passenger transport Pawson private carrying provender provincial rail railway age rates road haulage road surface road traffic road transport routes seventeenth century significance of road stage coach tolls ton-mile towns traction trade trams transport by road Turnbull turnpike turnpike trusts water transport West Country wheeled
Page ii - This series, specially commissioned by the Economic History Society, provides a guide to the current interpretations of the key themes of economic and social history in which advances have recently been made or in which there has been significant debate. In recent times economic and social history has been one of the most flourishing areas of historical study.
Page 2 - ... dots on the map, then gradually increasing in number and size so as to form continuous lines ; and only by the end of the century becoming, as John Holt somewhat optimistically declared in 1794, " so multiplied and extended as to form almost an universal plan of communication through the kingdom." 1 It took, in fact, practically a whole century of disconnected effort before even such national arteries of communication as the Great North Road from London to Edinburgh, the Irish road from London...
Page 5 - ... cost of equipment. What, then, were the probable facts as to the change that was caused by the canals? We have already adduced evidence in particular cases to show what was the outcome; and we have elsewhere brought together a still greater amount of testimony upon this subject1. Our conclusion is that the cost of canal carriage normally did not exceed one-half, and in most cases was from one-fourth to one-third, of the cost of land carriage.