Applications of Artificial Intelligence
Academic Press, Oct 8, 1998 - Computers - 399 pages
Since its first volume in 1960, Advances in Computers has presented detailed coverage of innovations in hardware and software and in computer theory, design, and applications. It has also provided contributors with a medium in which they can examine their subjects in greater depth and breadth than that allowed by standard journal articles. As a result, many articles have become standard references that continue to be of significant, lasting value despite the rapid growth taking place in the field.
Volume 47 contains seven chapters. The first four cover artificial intelligence, which is the use of technology to perform tasks generally assumed to require human thinking. These chapters present natural language processing, visualization, and self-replication as machine implementations of human activities. The remaining three chapters cover other recent advances that are important to the information processing field.
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A Case Study
Chapter 3 Cellular Automata Models of Selfreplicating Systems
Chapter 4 Ultrasound Visualization
Chapter 5 Patterns and System Development
Storage and Retrieval of Compressed Scalable Video
adaptive help adaptive user algorithm analysis anatomy application approach Artificial Intelligence attribute grammar buffer cell cellular automata cellular automata space clients COACH component video components connectionist CT retrieval custom/package cycle disk bandwidth display domain environment evaluation example genetic algorithm grammar graphical help system human–computer interaction IEEE implementation input insource insource/outsource knowledge learnable unit linguistic Lisp machine methods Natural Language Processing optimal outsourcing package parse parser pattern PDT QoS performance pre-fetch problem programming replication reservation retrieval schedule rule set scan Section segmentation self-replicating self-replicating loops self-replicating structures semantic sequence sheathed loop shown signal software acquisition solution specific speech speech recognition stochastic symbolic syntactic syntax techniques three-dimensional tion token transducer transition function ultrasound imaging understanding UNIX user interface user model velocity video server video stream volume data Volume rendering volume visualization voxel
Page 29 - Margie was holding tightly to the string of her beautiful new balloon. Suddenly, a gust of wind caught it. The wind carried it into a tree. The balloon hit a branch and burst. Margie cried and cried. (Rumelhart, 1975, p. 211) Hofstadter points out that an NLP system could never truly understand what is being said "until it, too, has cried and cried
Page 256 - The pattern is, in short, at the same time a thing, which happens in the world and the rule which tells us how to create that thing, and when we must create it. It is both a process and a thing; both a description of a thing which is alive, and a description of the process which will generate that thing.
Page ix - Jamnejad is a principal engineer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology. He received his MS and Ph.D. in Electrical Engineering from the University of Illinois at UrbanaChampaign, specializing in electromagnetics and antennas. At JPL, he has been engaged in research and software and hardware development in various areas of spacecraft antenna technology and satellite communication systems.
Page x - Manaris is an assistant professor in the Computer Science Department at the University of Southwestern Louisiana.