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FIRST AND SECOND TIMOTHY AND TITUS;
EPISTLE TO PHILEMON.
H. HARVEY, D. D.
1420 CHESTNUT STREET.
Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1890, by the
AMERICAN BAPTIST PUBLICATION SOCIETY, in the Office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington.
Mrs J. H. Zlanes
In preparing these notes on the Pastoral Epistles and the Epistle to Philemon, I have made the version of King James the basis, in accordance with the general plan of this work, but have also consulted throughout the Revised Version. While all the later Greek texts have been carefully examined, I have found my own judgment best satisfied with that of Westcott and Hort; and this for the most part has been followed. On passages where the reading is still in doubt, I have given a detailed statement of the critical materials for forming a judgment only on the more important; for, while it is sometimes of interest to the general student to know what is the reading in the more celebrated ancient manuscripts, it remains true that only a trained specialist is really competent to form a valuable judgment in textual criticism. In the commentary each paragraph is prefaced by an outline of the thought, and the notes are often accompanied by a full translation or paraphrase of the verse or passage under consideration, designed to indicate the writer's view of the exact meaning. I have throughout supplemented my own interpretation by citing the interpretations of commentators, both ancient and modern, whose proved ability, scholarship, and spiritual insight have given permanent value to · their views. This has been done freely, on the supposition that this work will come into the hands of many to whom the writings of these commentators are not accessible, and who would be glad to have access to their views, especially on the more difficult passages. When a topic has required a special and extended discussion, I have placed that discussion in the body of the commentary, and not at the end as an excursus. Closely related as these epistles are to subjects relating to the constitution of the Christian Church and the character and work of the Christian ministry, I should have been glad of more room for special discussion, but the limits assigned me forbade an extended treatment.
The work has occupied for several years the time available to me from the duties of my position in this Seminary. Its imperfections probably no one will see more distinctly than I do. But such as it is, the fruit of no little toil and prayer, I now send it forth on its mission, praying that God will graciously accept it, and will make it helpful to students of his word in enabling them to gain a clearer view of the truths unfolded in these inspired epistles.