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and at last as he cowardly forsooke it and secretly sought to flye, with this blade of mine I broacht him like a roasting-pigge. Moreover, Parson Ribble had never made himselfe so famous but by my meanes." — These were his daily vaunts, till his lies were so manifest that hee could no longer stand in them.

But after the Greene King had long lived a gallant housekeeper, at last, being aged and blinde, he dyed after he had done many good deedes to divers poore men.

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Editions of the first part of the Gentle Craft. How steady the call for the Gentle Craft, Parti, remained for at least five generations is best shown by the subjoined bibliographical statistics gathered from Collier, Hazlitt, Halliwell (Percy Soc. XXIII, XXIX), Ashton, and the catalogue of the Brit. Mus. and of the Bodl. —

1597 or 1598, for Ralph Blower? 1598 (?) for E. White. 1627, for E. Brewster. 1635. 1648, for John Stafford, two editions. 1652, for J. Stafford. 1670? for P. Cole^. 1674, 8", by A. Clark. 1676. 1678, T. M. for W. Thackeray. 1680? T. M. (for Thackeray, probably). 1685, 8», for W. Thackeray. 1685? —1696? printed for H. Rhodes, three editions. Five copies are known, but the two in Bodl., (D. P. subt 72, and D. C. subt 191), are most probably identical with the two copies in the Brit. Mus, i. e. "1675?" D C. 191, and "1690?" — D. P. 72. The date 1675 is certainly wrong. 1696, by W. Wilde. 1700? by C Brown. 172.% 12 mo, printed on London Bridge. 1725, 12 mo, by J.Rhodes. 1737, 12mo, for A. Bettesworth, etc. This is the first modernized adaptation, slightly abridged (Bodl.). Another condensed paraphrase (Bodl) was printed for W. O. It is later than the preceding, but earlier than the first chap-books. For references to chap-book versions see Halliwell, Percy Soc. XXIII, 58 ff., and Ashton, Chap-Books of the Eighteenth Century, Lond. 1882. They were published in London, Newcastle, and Dublin. The title-page of the last one reads: The Accurate History of Crispin and Crispianus, the Royal Shoe-Makers. Together with other interesting particulars relative to the Gentle Craft. Dublin. Printed and published by A. O'Neil, 1816. Price 6'-'a d. This must be a cheap reprint of what may be called an edition de luxe (undated; Brit. Mus. date 1807): Interesting History of Crispin and Crispianus the Royal Shoe-Makers. Including the Loves and Singular adventures of Sir Hugh and the fair Winifred, who suffered the most cruel death for their adherence to Christianity. Together with a Curious Account of the Origin, Rise, and Death of Sir Simon Eyre, Kt, Shoe-Maker, who successfully filled the dignified Offices of Sheriff and Lord Mayor of London, and built Leadenhall. Carefully revised from the original Edition. Loud. Printed and published by A. Neil, 448 Strand, and 30 Chaltonstreet, Sommers Town; and sold by all other booksellers in the United Kingdom. Compare note 0| in the introduction to Warnke and Proescholdt's edition of the Shoemakers' Holiday, p. XI. The statement of the editors that "there can be little doubt that the Curious Account is based on Dekker's comedy", is erroneous, of course. Nor does Deloney's book seem to have been the source of the burlesque poem mentioned in the same note. If it had been, the outline of Eyre's rise as given by the author, Willie Smith, would have been less general and vague. Moreover, Smith elsewhere (vol. I, Smithiana) gives a travesty of the Grispin-Gispian legend but makes no discoverable allusion to Deloney's secularized version.

Combination and separation of words. Part I. 1. Printed separate, — now (i. e. present edition) as one word: — fire side, gilly flowers, maidenhead maiden head maiden-head, — my self, etc., almost invariably, but usually — himselfe, — anything any thing, nobody no body, — forever fore ever, nowhere no where, whereupon where upon, — a greed, alone a lone, a shamed, aside a side, away a way, besides be sides, be sprinckle.

2. Printed separate, — now hyphenated: — aule Steele, ferae bush, gore blood, heart blood, hurly burly, palme tree, prittlc prattle, quarter day, soale leather, — quarter staffe, — cutting knife, paring knife, pricking aule, rubbing stone, slopping stick, working tools, — heart sighing, heart tormenting, tempest beaten, weather beaten, — earthly pale, hard hearted, true hearted, — base born (but freeborne), long begun, low cut, sweet sounding. — new delivered, well proportioned, well nurtured, — lying in. But also: — ebon-tree, fig-tree, hand-leather, heel-block, post-town, pudding-pie, rose-water, shoo-thread, sow-haires, thumb-leather, water - frog, — coale - black, hunger - starved, pie - peckt, woll gathering.

3. Hyphenated, — now one word: —bed-fellow, churchyard, cow-hide, crafts-men, Flint-shire, Frenchman French-man, Guildhall, jack-nape, journey-man journey man, journeyman, Leadenhall Leaden Hall, — good-man, — blood-thirsty, — male-contented, over-much, — mis-judge, over-charge, over-slept, overspread. But over slippery and overlong.

4. Hyphenated, — now separate: — Christ - Church, SaintWinifred (only once), Shrove-tuesday and Shrove tuesday, Lumbardstreet, Tower-street, but Tower Hill.

Part II. 1. birth day, hearts ease heartsease, schole master,— every bodie, no bodie, good man goodman, greene wood, high way, mad man, sweet meates, twelve moneth, — thread bare, — after noone, — high minded, — out face, out worke, — hence forward, — now a dayes now adayes, — i wis iwis. For pronouns see Part I.

2. bell rope, butter whores, close basket, creame pan, dudgin haft, house dove, hurly burly, kitchin stuffe, Now Now, pike staffe, post haste, shell fish, sword arme, thrumb hats, trencher flies, willow tree, wine seller (i. e. cellar), — flat cap, cutting board, massing priest, roasting pig, voyding beere, working tooles, — nut browne, — passers by, — faint hearted, faire conditioned, smooth faced, late conceived, merry minded, two handed, — over covetous, — well landed, wel trust, — adayes adayes a-dayes, a fire, a worke, a doing, a dressing, a madding, a walking, a wooing, — God a mercy, hop of my thumb.

3. Bishops-gate, Black-wall, god-father, house-keeper house keeper, hunts-man, jorney-man, man-hood, watch-man, — fore-man. holy-dayes, sweet-heart, three-score, etc.,— gentleman-like, — thereupon, there-withall, — over-flow, over-tell, — to smeared, — a-horseback (now a - horseback), in-somuch, trench-more, trenchmore, y-faith — (now y'faith).

4. Charing-crosse, Greene-King, Saint-Martins, Spread-Eagle, Sarazines-head, — Gods-nigs, three-Tunnes, — foote-woman (p. 106), — claret-wine, white-wine, — Lincolnes = Inne = fields, Tuttle = fields.

5. One word, — now two, or hyphenated: — Fleetstreet, welmet (i. e. well met), codshead, comfetmaker, huntsup, servingmen.

Long Meg of Westminster. The Life and Pranks of Long Meg of Westminster. Imprinted at London for Abraham Veale, dwellinge in Pauls church yeard at the signe of the Lambe.

On the last page: Imprinted at London by William How, for Abraham Veale dwelling in Pauls churchyearde at the signe of the Lambe. 1582.

The verses quoted below are taken from the edition of 1635, reprinted (1815) in Miscellanea Antiqua Anglicana, vol. I, the earlier version having only: Domine, Domine, Vid. Origin.

Chapters I and II. "In the time of Henry the eighth there was born in Lancashire a maid, for her excesse in height called Long Meg; at eighteen yeers of age she would needs come to London to get her a service in the city." With two companions she arrives at the Eagle in Westminster, where she finds "the mistresse of the house sitting and drinking with Doctor Skelton, Will Summers, and a Spanish knight called Sir James of Castile As soon

Palaestra XVIII. lo

as they saw Long Meg, they began to smile and Dr. Skelton in his mad merry vain, blessing himself, began thus: —

Domine, Domine, wide hoc?

What is she in the gray cassock?

Me thinks she is of a large length,

Of a tall pitch, and a good strength,

With strong armes and stiffe bones —

This is a wench for the nones.

Her lookes are bonny and blithe,

She seemes neither lither nor lithe,

But young of age,

And of a merry visage,

Neither beastly nor bowsie,

Sleepy nor drowsie,

But faire fac'd and of a good size;

Therefore Hostesse, if you be wise,

Once be ruled by me,

Take this wench to thee.

For this is plaine —

Shee'l doe more worke than these twaine:

I tell thee Hostesse, I doe not mocke,

Take her in the gray cassocke." When Sir James, to try her strength, deals her a blow on the ear, she does not budge, while her blow knocks him over. Will Somers comments: "She strikes a blow like an oxe for she hath struck down an Asse". Hired by the hostess, "Meg did so bestir her self that she pleased her mistresse well, and for her strength and talness was called long Meg of Westminster." Cf. Skelton, British Poets, notes, where the opening chapters are reproduced in full.

Chap. III. A vicar tries to cheat, insisting that he owes only 3 s 1 d for ale instead of 5 s 3 d. Meg boxes his ears; he pulls her hair. Seizing his eares and forcing his head against a post, she asks how much he owes. When he repeats: "3 s 1 d", Meg says: "Then, knave, I must knock out of your bald pate two shillings and two pence more." And so she thumps his pate until he pays.

Chap. IV. Sir James, in love with the hostess, whose affections are set on Skelton, offers to fight the man, who the hostess alleges has insulted her. The 'man' turns out to be Meg in disguise. Sir James is defeated and compelled to wait on her trencher at supper. This exploit makes Meg famous in Westminster.

Chap. V. Always charitable to those in want, she loves especially to relieve worthy poor soldiers. To one of these she

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