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becca Nurse and Sarah Cloyse, was about fifty-eight years of age, and the mother of seven children. Her husband owned and lived upon a large and valuable farm, which not many years Bince was the property and country residence of the late Hon. B. W. Orowninshicld, and is now in the possession of Thomas Pieree, Esq. Her examination was accompanied by the usual cireumstances. The girls had fits, and were speechless at times: the magistrate expostulated with her for not confessing her guilt, which he regarded as demonstrated, beyond a question, by the sufferings of the afflicted. "Would you have me accuse myself?"— "How far," he continued, "have you complied with Satan?" — "Sir, I never complied, but prayed against him all my days. What would you have mo do?"—"Confess, if you be guilty." — "I will say it, if it was my last time, I am clear of this sin." The magistrate, apparently affected by her manner and bearing, inquired of the girls, "Are you certain this is the woman?" They all went into fits; and presently Ann Putnam, coming to herself, said "that was the woman, it was like her, and she told mo her name." The accused clasped her hands together, and Merey Lewis's hands were clenched; she separated her hands, and Merey's were released; she inclined her head, and the girls screamed out, "Put up her head; for, while her head is bowed, the necks of these are broken." The magistrate again asked, "Is this the woman?" They made signs that they could not speak; but afterwards Ann Putnam and others cried out: "0 Goody Easty, Goody Easty, you are the woman, you are thc woman!" — "What do you say to this ?" —" Why, God will know." — " Nay, God knows now." —" I know he does." — " What did you think of the actions of others before your sisters came out? did you think it was witchcraft?" — "I cannot tell." —"Why do you not think it is witchcraft?" — "It is an evil spirit; but whether it be witchcraft I do not know." She was committed to prison.
It will be noticed that seven out of the nine examined at this time cither lived in Topsfield or were intimately connected with the chureh and people there. The accusing girls had heard them angrily spoken of by the people around them, and availed themselves, as at all times, of existing prejudices, to guide them in the selection of their victim.
The escape of Abbot, and the wavering, in his case and that of Easty, indicated by the magistrates on this occasion, alarmed the prosecutors; and they felt that something must bo dono to stiffen Hathorne and Corwin to their previous rigid method of procedure. The following letter was accordingly written to them that very day, immediately after the close of the examinations : —
"These to the Honored John Hathorne and Jonathan Corwin, Esqrs., living at Salem, present.
"Salem V,l,.aoe, this 21st of April, 1692. "much Honored, — After most humble and hearty thanks presented to Your Honors for the great care and pains you have already taken for us, — for which you know wo nro never able lo make you recompense, mid we believe you do Dot expect it of us; therefore a full reward will be given you of the Lord God of Israel, whose cause and interest you have espoused (and we trust this shall add to your crown of glory in the day of the Lord Jesus): nud Ave — beholding continually the tremendous works of Divinc Providence, uot only every day, but every hour — thought it our duty to inform Your Honors of what we conceive you have not heard, which are high and dreadful, — of a wheel within a wheel, at which our ears do tingle. Humbly craving continually your prayers and help in this distressed case, — so, praying Almighty God continually to prepare you, that you may be a terror to evil-doers and a praise to them that do well, we remain yours to serve in what we are able,
What was meant by the "wheel within a wheel," the " high and dreadful" things which were making their cars to tingle, but had not yet been disclosed to the magistrates, we shall presently see. On the 80th of April, Captain Jonathan Waleot and Sergeant Thomas Putnam (the writer of the foregoing letter) got out a warrant against Philip English, of Salem, merehant; Sarah Morrel, of Beverly; and Doreas Hoar, of the same place, widow. Morrel and Hoar wero delivered by Marshal Herrick, according to the tenor of the warrant, at 11, A.m., May 2, at the house of Lieutenant Nathaniel Ingersoll, in Salem Village. The warrant has an indorsement in these words: "Mr. Philip English not being to bo found. G. II." As the records of the examinations of Philip English and his wife have not been preserved, and only a few fragments of the testimony relating to their case are to be found, nll that can be said is that the girls and their accomplices made their usual charges against them. There are two depositions in existence, however, which afford some explanation of the causes that exposed Mr. English to hostility, and indicate the kind of evidence that was brought against him. Having many landed estates, in various places, and extensive business transactions, ho was liable to frequent questions of litigation. He was involved, at one timo, in a lawsuit about the bounds of a piece of land in Marblohcad. A person named William Beale, of that town, had taken great interest in it adversely to the claims of English; and some harsh words passed between them. A year or two after the affair, Ucale states, " that, as I lay in my bed, in the morning, presently after it was fair light abroad in the room," "I saw a dark shade," &c. To his vision it soon assumed the shape of Philip English. On a previous occasion, when riding through Lynn to get testimony against English in the aforesaid boundary case, he says, "My nose gushed out bleeding in a most extraordinary manner, so that it bloodied a handkerehief of considerable bigness, and also ran down upon my clothes and upon my horse's mane." He charged it upon English. These depositions were sworn to in Court, in August, 1692, and January, 1693. How they got there does not appear, as English was never brought to trial. All that relates to Mr. English and his wife may be despatched at tlns point. On the 6th of May, a warrant was procured at Boston, "To the marshal-general, or his lawful deputy," to apprehend Philip English wherever found within the jurisdiction, and convey him to the "custody of the marshal of Essex." Jacob Manning, a deputy-marshal, delivered him to the marshal of Essex on the 30th of May; and he was brought before the magistrates on the next day, and, after examination, committed to prison. He and his wife effected their escape from jail, and found refuge in New York until the proceedings were terminated, when they returned to Salem, and continued to reside here. She survived the shock given by the accusation, the danger to which she had been exposed, and the sufferings of imprisonment, but a short time. They occupied the highest social position. He was a merehant, conducting an extensive business, and had a large estate; owning fourteen buildings in the town, a wharf, and twenty-one sail of vessels. His dwellinghouse, represented in the frontispiece of this volume, stood until a recent period, and is remembered by many of us. Its site was on the southern side of Essex Street, near its termination; comprising the area between English and Webb Streets. It must have been a beautiful situation; commanding at that time a full, unobstructed view of the Beverly and Marblehcad shores, and all the waters and points of land between them. The mansion was spacious in its dimensions, and bore the marks of having been constructed in the