Page images
PDF
EPUB
[graphic]
[merged small][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

ILH HTRATIOXN.

Paob. i Page. . Paok.

Source of the Misrasippi 221 High Bridge 33l Lnk« Bluff. 6*

Pontiac, the Ottawa Chieftain 42 | Tecumseh, the Shawnee Chieftain, 68

Indians Attacking Frontiersmen... o5 ] Indians Attacking a Stockade 71

Present Site Lake Street Bridge, Black Hawk, the Sac Chieftain 7*

Chicago, 1N33 58 Perry's Monument, Cleveland 91

La Salle Landing on the Shores ot

Green Bay IM

Buffalo Hunt 26

Trapping 28

[merged small][merged small][ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Schools—Private and Public 244

SodetiM-...—» „ 248-

Antiquities 254

Newspapers 261

Champaign County's War Record...263

Mexican War 265

The Civil War 265

'Jam

Israel Hamilton

John Hum! : ton

Dr. Adinn Mo.ngrove

Simon Kenton

Gen. Simon Kenton

John Reynolds

...208 1
...31X1 I
...302'
...304:
....304

.....307

...309

Adams Township 457

Harrison Township 472

Concord Township 486

Salem Township 497

Wayne Township .52*

Rush Township 660

Goshe.ii Township 586

LITHOGRAPHIC t'OICTKAITS.

Paoe.

William Patrick 115

Dr. Adam Mosgrove, deceased 133

Joseph C. Brand 151

John H. Young 169

John Leedum 187

W. R. Warnock 206

J. C. Brown, M. D 223

J. M. Fitzpatrick 241

David Loudenback 259

David Steinberger 277

Allen Londenback 296

Gabriel Kenton 314

Mrs. Mary A. Kenton

John Lutz

Mrs. Hannah Lutz

Martin \itchman

Mrs. Cntliarine Nit.'hman

: R. R. McLaughlin

Mason Arrowsmith, deceased.

Oliver Taylor

j James D. Powell

< S. T. HcMorran

j Mrs. Susan B. McMorran

I J. C. Phillips

PAGE. "MI-

3'.ri Jonathan Cheney, deceased 481

334 Lambert Pond 499

:!-,', Benjamin Norman 517

354 Charles Lincoln, deceased 535

365 ! J. D. Cranston 653

373 ! Peter Black, deceased 571

391 ' Mrs. Maria A. Black .672

409 Amos J. Howard 689

427 Nathaniel Sceva, deceased 607

446 I Wallace McCrea 625

, 446

463 1

[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][ocr errors][merged small][graphic]

The Northwest Territory.

GEOGRAPHICAL"." PQSJJION.

When the Northwestern Territory'was'.ceded to the United States by Virginia in 1784, it embraced only the 'territory lying between the Ohio and the Mississippi Rivers, and. north to the northern limits of the United States. It coincided with the area now embraced in the States of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, and that portion of Minnesota lying on the east side of the Mississippi River. The United States itself at that period extended no farther west than the Mississippi River; but by the purchase of Louisiana in 1803, the western boundary of the United States was extended to the Rocky Mountains and the Northern Pacific Ocean. The new territory thus added to the National domain, and subsequently opened to settlement, has been called the "New Northwest," in contradistinction from the old "Northwestern Territory."

In comparison with the old Northwest this is a territory of vast magnitude. It includes an area of 1,887,850 square miles; being greater in extent than the united areas of all the Middle and Southern States, including Texas. Out of this magnificent territory have been erected eleven sovereign States and eight Territories, with an aggregate population, at the present time, of 13,000,000 inhabitants, or nearly one third of the entire population of the United States.

Its lakes are fresh-water seas, and the larger rivers of the continent flow for a thousand miles through its rich alluvial valleys and farstretching prairies, more acres of which are arable and productive of the highest percentage of the cereals than of any other area of like extent on the globe. *

For the last twenty years the increase of population in the Northwest has been about as three to one in any other portion of the United States.

(19)

EARLY EXPLORATIONS.

• • •• '•

In the year 1541, iJeSoto^flrst saw the Great West in the New World. He, however, penetrated no farther north than the 35th parallel of latitude. The expedition resulted in his death and that of more than half his army, the remainder of whom found their way to Cuba, thence to Spain, in a famished £ti&^demoralized condition. DeSoto founded no settlements, produced no%r'e£ults;.Aitd left no traces, unless it were that he awakened the hostility of the',rejl man against the white man, and disheartened such as might' desire , tt) follow up the career of discovery for better purposes. The Drench; "nation were eager and ready to seize upon any news from this extensive-'etomain, and were the first to profit by DeSoto's defeat. Yet it was ,more, than a century before any adventurer took advantage of these discoveries.!-"

In 1616, four years before the pilgrims "moored their bark on the wild New England shore," Le Caron, a French Franciscan, had penetrated through the Iroquois and Wyandots (Hurons) to the streams which run into Lake Huron; and in 1634, two Jesuit missionaries founded the first mission among the lake tribes. It was just one hundred years from the discovery of the Mississippi by DeSoto (1541) until the Canadian envoys met the savage nations of the Northwest at the Falls of St. Mary, below the outlet of Lake Superior. This visit led to no permanent result; yet it was not until 1659 that any of the adventurous fur traders attempted to spend a Winter in the frozen wilds about the great lakes, nor was it until 1660 that a station was established upon their borders by Mesnard, who perished in the woods a few months after. In 1665, Claude Allouez built the earliest lasting habitation of the white man among the Indians of the Northwest. In 1668, Claude Dablon and James Marquette founded the mission of Sault Ste. Marie at the Falls of St. Mary, and two years afterward, Nicholas Perrot, as agent for M. Talon, Governor General of Canada, explored Lake Illinois (Michigan) as far south as the present City of Chicago, and invited the Indian nations to meet him at a grand council at Sault Ste. Marie the following Spring, where they were taken under the protection of the king, and formal possession was taken of the Northwest. This same year Marquette established a mission at Point St. Ignatius, where was founded the old town of Michillimackinac.

During M. Talon's explorations and Marquette's residence at St. Ignatius, they learned of a great river away to the west, and fancied —as all others did then—that upon its fertile banks whole tribes of God's children resided, to whom the sound of the Gospel had never come. Filled with a wish to go and preach to them, and in compliance with a

« PreviousContinue »