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rite and quartzite. Then one comes to the Harricanaw river which is about 1200 feet wide at that point.
On the west side of that river and a little lower down I went in a canoe up a small stream for 2 or 3 miles ; it winds through low lying clayey land and gives a fair idea of the lie of that section of country and of the advantages to be gained by lowering the level of the river as stated above. The small rapids I have mentioned, both on the main river and on its tributaries, are of no value as water_powers and, if an attempt were made to use them, would be rather a hindrance to the development of that region, essentially a farming country admirably served by the Transcontinental and by the Harricanaw river which. from the height of land to Lake Wiquaskopaug, affords navigation for large steamers over a distance of 70 miles as far as the first rapids, to say nothing of itd tributaries navigable by small boats for some miles in the interior.
I then ascended the Harricanaw river to lake Askikwaj which I crossed in a south_westerly direction, examining the rocks on that side which consist chiefly of diabase. I took the same route as when I came : after crossing lake Keewagama and following the river of the same name, I ascended the north branch of the Kinojevis river which also takes the name of Nawapitechin. It flows through tine clay land covered with mixed timber; its width is about a hundred feet but narrows to fifty feet higher up. The current is fairly strong and, before reaching No 9 ecu-he, there are a couple of rapids which are passed without making a portage. Here and there, some rocks of light green quartzous diorite are seen which are transformed into quartzite as one ascends. ,
I did not go beyond rue'he N0 9 of the Transcontinental but, from information I obtained, I learned that the river is navigable for 15 miles further in summer, that it is winding with many small rapids but that the water-rose very high in the spring and the river could be ascended for 30 miles. This is the route taken to reach Ahittibi. The river is said to run through clayey land all the way from its source.
From mvhc No 9 I proceeded to the line of the Transcontinental and to lake Mulsworth. After leaving the clay land there is a long and shallow swamp followed by a sandy belt extending from lake Mulsworth to Spirit Lake where the timber has been burned recently. I found but one out-crop of rock with
veins of quartz and epidote. I came back by the same road and followed in a south_westerly direction the Kinojevis river which, in the middle of Jilly, seemed to have fallen 3 or 4- feet since the spring.
I then ascended the west branch to get to Abittibi. That river is about fifty feet wide ; it flows through clayey land moderately high and covered with mixed timber in which black spruce and large poplar predominate. At first there is a small rapid flowing over boulders which is passed without making a portage, then, after leaving an important tributary on the right, the river becomes very winding, narrows to some 20 feet and is barred by dead trees in many places. The land is clayey and well_wooded on both sides. There are some diorite boulders in which I observed a little hematite and then comes a fall with a short portage on the left; this fall is only 4 or 5 feet high and is caused by an out_crop of hard, fine_grained greenish gray rock containing mispickel.
A little further on is a rapid flowing over boulders which is avoided by a portage of 180 yards on the right. Then a little chloritic schist is seen and, after passing a swamp, we come to a small lake with many large boulders 'of granite and syenite. That lake is followed by narrows running through a swamp and then geat lake Kajakamikamak is reached. The latter has about 10 islands, its shores are rocky and towards the south-west is a rocky mountain about 500 feet high which has been burned over and which seems to be 1 or 2 miles from the lake. The island on which I camped consisted of finegrained greenish rock, containing mispickel and similar to that mentioned above. I examined a hill on the east side of the lake which seems to consist of diabase in which some soft portions, resembling chlorite, are observed. The hills around the lake are covered with timber, chiefly poplar, white birch and spruce.
()n leaving the lake, the river is fine and about 30 feet wide ; it runs through a swamp and continues thus for a couple of miles to the west, then turns to the north and becomes shallower, winding among alder bushes. When I passed on the 12th July there was hardly any water in that stream and we were obliged to drag our canoe some distance over branches. Then there is dam of dioritic boulders around which we portaged, then a small pond and another dam of rock which we also passed by a portage ; afterwards we come to a longer dam with a regular portage on the right leading to lake Kekameonan. The latter, the last lake on the south side of the height of land, is wooded on both sides and
From the extremity of the lake one goes to the height of land by a portage sixteen hundred feet long passing over a hill of clay fifty feet high, well timbered with white birch, poplar and fine grey spruce. A small pond surrounded by hills of quarlzous diolite is thus reached.
From that lake one can go in the next by a portage on the right twelve hundred feet long, passing over a rocky hill eighty feet high. On the right of the latter lake is a rather high out-cropping consisting of a fine_grained conglomerate in which quartz and feldspar can be seen. Towards the north_west, the lake narrows and l)t_con1e s muddy to such an extent that we had to drag our canoe over to a place where the lake widens.
A small, winding and muddy stream flows from the lake. It is greatly obstructed by branches but my guides succeeded in getting the canoe down while I followed the regular portage on the left, twelve hundred feet long, passing over a wooded hill of clay where no rocks are to be seen with the exception of some boulders of quartzous diorite. The stream widens and meanders as far as a small lake three quarters of a mile long at the entrance of which are enormous boulders of pale green quarlzous diorite, only slightly worn ; the land is flat and timbered on both sides. A navigable stream, winding its way through a swamp, leads to another lake on the right, surrounded by level land, while, on the left, are large hills of grten quartzite similar to that observed at La Baie des Peres, Ville-Marie. On leaving that lake one comes almost immediately to great lake Agotavekami.
The shores of that lake are rocky and consist of hills of medium height. It contains many rockyiislands. In the eastern part I examined a couple of large hills formed of a greenish conglomerate of quartzite and quartz. I crossed the lake in a north_westerly direction and I examined some islands I passed on the way and found the rock resembling rather large_graincd diabase, then another kind finer grained and fnrtln-r on a softer rock with dioritic and chlorilie schists. North-west of the lake is a range of, high mountains partly bare. The other side of the lake is lower and seems timbered with poplar and white spruce. The lake had fallen three feet since last spring. We then come to the river Abittibi which is shallow at its entrance and about three hundred feet wide, both banks
are undulating and covered with poplar and small spruce ; they present a succession of deep bays with some islands ; their width is as much as eight _hundred feet. At the entrance are dioritic schists and quartzous diorite while, on the islands, I noticed tine-graincl green rock containing the mispickel I have already mentioned. The Danseur rapids, the only ones on this river are three miles from lake Agotavekarni. They are in reality small falls seven feet high, falling between two rocky hills, being about one hundred and fifty feet long a'nd one hundred feet wide. _The portage is on the right and about two hundred feet away ; the rocks are quartzous diorite. These falls could easily be dammed between the two rocky'hills and the level of the water be raised from six to seven feet thus giving a difference of level of from twelve to fifteen feet which would supply extensive water- power owing to the great mass of water-behind.
After passing the Danseur rapid, the river continues without much current and there are numerous rocky out_croppings on both sides : in the firstplace at quartzous diorite with quartz grains. then soft green schistous rocks resenibling talc and a reddish rock like serpentine. followed by diabase. AboIiitfoiur miles from lake Abittibi is a large island which I examined and whose rock, which I call gabro, consists ot' a green mass with grains of feldspar. Rocky out-croppings continue to be seen on both sides as far as a point whence the lake c_an_.be seen; the land becomes fiat and sandy and the view extends very f_a_r.T‘V; . . ‘ ,
At lake Abittibi, on the first point to the east, are the _posts’ of tfie Hud
s0n,s Bay Company and of Rcvillon Brothers with a group of Ilidiaans, amounting in the middle of the summer to four hundred persons. Th_c_ H_ud_son_,s Bay Company have cleared a piece of land and they have potatoe's_'!i\'ijliic_h' are grow_. ing well, together with at little grain and some hay. They hai_'e,'so'me:_cox\'s and oxen. From information given by the oflicer in charge of the post,'the ice leaves the lake about the 10lh May and snow begins to lie on the ground from the 15th October. There is a gazoliue launch on the lake carrying mails for the
Transcontinental survey. f . . 4 _ ,
I examined the rocks on the east sidciof the lake. I was camped nearithe post of Révillon Brothers and one of my guides noticed on .the very rock, where we were some bright specks which took for gold. I ascertaine_d_lthat the rock really contained gold in very slight colours, especially in fissures contgininga layer of quartz of the thickness of a sheet of paper ; other slight colours seemed also to be in the rock itself. The rock is dark green, fine grained, “quartzous
and very hard, similar to that which I have several times already designated in this work under the name of quartzous diorite. It breaks up easily into rectangular bloeks owing to the thin sheets of quartz it contains. I foundin the neighborhood a small vein of white quartz a couple of inches thick in which I could discover no gold. The analyses that were made of some specimens did not show any either.
Lake Abittibi is shallow ; its depth is said to be eleven feet ; it falls four or five feet in summer.
I followed the eastern shore finding the same rock on the point where the Hudson's Bay Company,a post stands ; the rock afterwards becomes more schistous and then there is a fairly considerable strip of white quartzite which I examined without finding anvthing. Further on, on a slope before reaching Amitikik bay, I found a rather considerable out_cropping of diabase. That bay is shallow and fiat; the rivers run through good clay soil covered with mixed timber. It is about one hundred feet wide and runs without rapids to the line of the Transcontinental, some ten miles.
Some rocky out_croppings are found along it, especially of quartzous diorite. That section of the country seems to be the continuation of the clay belt found near the Harricanaw river and which the line of the Transcontinental
crosses almost at a right angle.
charge, has had potatoes, grain and even fruit_trees planted in it. The whole had a fairly good appearance notwithstanding the drougth when I visited the place about the 15th July. The timber consists chiefly of'poplar of good di
I returned to lake Abittibi, ascended the river and got back to lake Agotavekami which I then crossed in a southerly direction. That lake is surrounded by rocky hills and contains a number of islands several of which I examined as I passed. At first I found rather soft green talcose rocks, then boulders of green conglomerate containing grains of feldspar. Then came quartzous diorite and, in the southern part, a light green quartzite, hard and heavy, containing much iron copper pyrites. Then one enters the Kanasuta river, about a hundred feet wide with a slight current. The land is flat and timbered with