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January 1, 1897 to January 1, i8g8.

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"A copy of the record of any Ordinance or Resolution heretofore passed and recorded, or that may hereafter be passed, certified by the clerk and verified by the seal of the city, any copy thereof published in the official paper of the city or printed in the books containing the official proceedings of the city council, or published in any compilation of Ordinances made under direction of the city council, shall be prima facie evidence of the contents of such Ordinances and of the regularity and legality of all proceedings relating to the adoption and approval thereof, and shall be admitted as evidence in any court in this state without further proof."-Sec. 10, Chapter 4, City Charter.

“All books and pamphlets published, or which may be published, purporting upon their title page to be published by the authority, order or direction of the city council, and purporting to contain the Ordinances of said city, standing rules and orders of said city council, or either, are hereby declared to be competent and prima facie evidence of the contents of such Ordinances, standing rules and orders, or any Resolutions or other matters purporting to be the act of said city council, which may be found printed therein, and of the due and legal adoption, approval and publication thereof."-Sec. 2, Chap. 11, City Char

ter,

HISTORICAL.

In 1838, Franklin Steele erected his claim shanty on the eastern shore of the Mississippi river, opposite the Falls of St. Anthony. Seven years later, or in 1845, the first permanent house was erected in St. Anthony by Pierre Bottineau. The same year the city of St. Anthony was incorporated, and Hon. H. T. Welles elected the first mayor.

In 1849 the west shore of the Mississippi at the fall's was a military reservation, and hence settlement was not permitted. But at the session of congress of that year two ex-soldiers of the Mexican war--Hon. Robert Smith, of Illinois, and Col. John H. Stevens-were, by special act, allowed to make settlement on the reserve, and the former located his claim so as to take in the falls, while the latter built his house on the hillside where the union station now stands, and near the spot where the western end of the suspension bridge was to terminate four or five years afterwards, and where the steel arch bridge is now located.

In 1854 the act was passed and became a law, throwing open to settlement the reservation west of the Mississippi river and the “squatters” were allowed to purchase the lands upon which they had settled at the uniform government price of $1.25 per acre. At the election that year seventy-five votes were cast, and the population was estimated at two hundred. In the fall of the same year the town was christened, the name “Minneapolis" having been suggested by Mr. Charles Hoag, a gentleman who lived to a ripe old age in the vicinity of this city, dying in March, 1888.

In 1854 the city of Minneapolis (west division) was platted, and before the close of that year boasted of a permanent population of 1,000 people. In 1857 the population had increased to about 2,000, and there was a tremendous rivalry between the two hamlets--St. Anthony and Minneapolis. In 1858 Minneapolis was vested with its first town or village government, but did not assume the responsibility of a full grown municipality until 1867.

Minneapolis and St. Anthony were rivals for commercial and manufacturing supremacy for more than twenty years, but finally in 1873 joined their fortunes under one name and one municipal government, and have since been known to the world as the progressive city of Minneapolis with an area of fifty-three square miles, or 33,920 acres, and with a population in 1895 of 193,833.

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