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by consulting the list in the appendix, which gives the practice of quartos S and P. The only other departure from these quartos consists in the addition of running titles and in the further separation of one story from another by numbering the chapters of each separately.

It remains to acknowledge my obligations to Prof. Dr. A. Brandl, whose many courtesies made the portion of a sabbatical year spent in Berlin exceptionally pleasant and profitable, and without whose suggestions nothing would probably have been attempted beyond a bare reprint of the first part of the Gentle Craft; also to my wife, who has prepared the index and spared no pains in our common endeavor to obtain an adequate and readable text.

University of California. Berkeley, Cal. U. S. A.

Alexis F. Lange.

The Gentle Craft.



Containing many matters of Delight, very pleasant to be read:

Shewing what famous men have been SHOOMAKERS in time past in this land, with their worthy deeds, and great Hospitality.

Set forth with Pictures, and variety of Wit and Mirth, Declaring the cause why it is called the GENTLE CRAFT; and also how the Proverb first grew:

A Shoomaker's Son is a Prince born. T. D.

With gentlenesse judge you,
At nothing here grudge you;

The merry Shoomakers delight in good sport.
What here is presented,
He therewith contented;

And as you do like it, so give your report.

Hand euro invidiam.

LONDON, Printed for John Stafford, and are to be sold at his house in Saint Bride's Churchyard. 1648.

Palaestra. Will. i

To All the Good Yeomen of the Gentle Craft,1'

You that the Gentle Craft professe.

List to my words both more and lesse —

And I shall tell you many things

Of worthy and renowned kings.

And divers lords and knights also,

That were shoomakers long agoe.

Some of them in their distresse

Delighted in this businesse;

And some, for whom great wait was laid,

Did save their lives by this same trade:

Other some in sport and game

Delighted much to learne the same.

No other trade in all the land

They thought so fit unto their hand:

For evermore they stil did find

That shoomakers bore a gallant mind:

Men they were of high conceit,

The which wrought many a merry feat;

.Stout of courage were they still,

And in their weapons had great skill:

Travellers by sea and land, *

Each country guise to understand;

*) Cf. Dekker's address: 'To all good Fellowes, Professors of the Gentle Graft', also that of the publisher of Rowley's play to 'the honest and high-spirited Gentlemen of the never decaying Art, called the Gentle Craft'; and for characteristic contrast, Lyly's dedication of Euphues, second part, 'to the Ladies and Gentlewomen of England'.

Wrong they wrought not any man,
With reason all things did they scan;
Good houses keept they evermore,
Releeving both the sicke and poore;
In law no mony would they spend, Their quarrels friendly would they end;
No malice did they beare to any,
But shew'd great favour unto many;
Offences soone they would forgive.
They would not in contention live.
Thus in joy they spent their dayes,
With pleasant songs and roundelayes,
And God did blesse them with content:
Sufficient for them He sent,
And never yet did any know
A shoomaker a-begging goe').
Kind are they one to another,
Using each stranger as his brother.
Thus liv'd shoomakers of old,
As ancient writers have it told;
And thus shoomakers still would be —
So fame from them shall never flee.

') Thou canst not want: do Fortune what she can, The Gentle Craft is living for a man.

Shoemakers' Holiday, II, 2, 23—24, ed. Warnke and Proescholdt.

To All Courteous Readers, Health!

How Saint Hugh was son unto the renowned king of Powis'), a noble Brittaine borne, who in the prime of his yeares loved the faire virgin Winifred, who was the only daughter of Donwallo, which was the last king that ever reigned in Tegina. which is now called Flintshire. But she, refusing all offers of love, was only pleased with a religious life. Her father was sent to Rome, and died; whose lady left her life long before. This virgin, therefore, forsook her father's princely palace in Pont Varry'-), and made her whole abiding in the most sweet, pleasent valley of Sichnaunt, and lived there solitarily and carelesse of all company or comfort. It chanced that, in summer's heat, this faire virgin being greatly distressed for lack of drink and not knowing where to get any, there sprang up suddenly a christall stream of most sweet and pleasant water out of the hard ground, whereof this virgin did daily drink: unto the which God himselfe gave so great a vertue that many people, having beene washed therein, were healed of divers and sundry infirmities wherewith they were borne. Moreover, round about this well, where this virgin. did use to walk, did grow a kind of mosse which is of a most sweet savour, and the colour thereof is as fresh in winter as in summer; so that lying thereon you would suppose yourselfe to be on a bed of down perfumed with most precious odours.

And what of all this? Marry, read the booke and you shall know; but read nothing except you read all. And why so? Because the begining shews not the middle, and the middle shews not the latter end.

And so farewell.

') Rowley: 'Sir Hugh, a Prince of Wales, and a Sutor to Winifred' — 'a Virgin of Wales'.

2) The ancient Varis on the banks of the Clwydd? Cf. Richard of Cirencester's itinerary, in Giles' Six Old English Chronicles, p. 483.

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