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Edrra' d upon his Father's Ruin stood, And Richard paid the Royal Debt in Blood: . Deposed and murthered* Ed ri the Father lies •, Deposed and murthered, Richard the Grandson dies | Swift Justice but to One Remove adjourn'd, The Crown, and all their Trophies, overturned: Lancastrian Henry tore it from his Head, And swift as Fate, the Debt of Justice paid: For of (a) Four Kings that by Succession reign'd, With Conquest all, and Usurpation ftain'd; Tho; all posselt the Crown, and rul'd in Course, They'd no more Right, by Blood, than Alexanders*

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(b) Henry, that in hit Mother s Right made Claim, And bore the very Title in his (c) Name; Poflest the Right, his Mother yet alive, And let the Heir at Law, the Right survive.

(d) John without Line, or due Pretence of Blood, His Elder Brother's Son with Arms withstood;

Possest

(a) John murthered i rince Arthur, his Brothers Son: John's Successor, Edward the lid, was murthered and deposed, and his own Son set up over his Head.

Richard the lid was unjustly deposed, as to Succession, by Henry the IVth, as his Predecessor, King John, unjultiy snatcht the Crown from Prince Arthur, his Erothers Son; thus Usurpation was turn'd out of Possession by Usurpation,

(b) Henry the lid came in much after the same manner, for he fame in by V'ertue of the Agreement with King Stephen, without any regard to his Mother Maud, then alive, and this was call'd a Succession, because Step 'en makes a pretended Adoption of Henry as his Son, and Henry swears Fealty to him, as to his Father; by which we may s e how the Jus Hereditarium was then understood, Sciatis quod ego Rex Stephanus Heneticum, bucem Normaniæ, post mesticcejforem Regni Angliæ, gf harem mtum Jure Hereditario constitun, ibid. Korit. P. zp.

(c) Fitz-Empress. 'S

(d) King John was the youngest Son of this Henry, and here Henry, who put by his Mother, had his Eldest Line deposed j Eleanor, the Daughter ot Arthur, Son of Geojsry Plantagenet. John s Elder Brother; which Arthur, John had murthered with his own H. nds, but Eleanor was yet alive; and Hubert, Arch-Eiftiop of Canterbury, makes a Speech at his Coronation, juiu ying the setting him'up, as the most worthv of he Posterity of Henry, 'Jrchiepscopit i

Poilest by Force, and by his Sword maintained,
And Power intail'd the Usurpation gaiu'd;
But Fate, that late in Vengeance keeps the Roll,
Of secret Crimes, referv'd the Fatal Scroul;
Referv'd the long unballanc'd Book of Right,
And brought forgotten Injuries to Light;
The Leaves of Retribution were turnd oer,
And Days of Violence submit to Power:
Usurpers by Usurpers are puil'd down,
And Tyrants make a (a) Foot-ball of the Crown;
. The (b) Men of Blood,with Men (c) of Blood contend,
And Days of Crime, in Nights of Justice end.

T l 'Twas

Archiepiscoput Stans. in media omnium, dixit audito universi, Qrcod nullus frevia ratione alii fuccedere halet regnum nisi univer fit ate Regni unanimiter, invocata Spiritus Gratia elettus And afterwards he adds, Vermn si quit exfiirpe Regis dtfundi alijs prepolleret, pronitu in eleSionem, ejus est consentiendum. After this, he proceeds" We having confid'red the Valour and "Prowess of this Noble Person here present, have, all of Vs, "unanimously chosen him, as well in regard of his Merits, as "of his Rciyal Blood, tut not a Word of regard to his Right of Succession, vide Mat. Paris, Fol. 197.

(a) Between Henry the Vlth, and Edward the IVth, the Crown was toss'd from one to another fix or seven Times, and at last was restor'd to the House of York.

(b) And of this very King John 'tis recorded, who was set up without Line, he was pull d down for being without Merit: His Oppressions becoming insupportable to both Nobility, Clergy, and People, by general Counsel, and Approbation of them all, judg'd him unworthy of the Kingdom, De Comrmmi Regni Conjilio, & Approbations ipfum Regno judicant indi£7ium,

(c) At the Death of this Prince, they made his Son Henry King, and the Earl of Pembroke, when he made a Speech to the Nobility, Gentry, and Commons, conven'd for that purpose, tells" them, They ought not to punish the Son for the Fathers Transgression, and therefore moves them to adjiear to die yoiiiig Prince, beginning with these Words, Tho' we have prosecuted the Father, and that justly, &c. propter mala, ejus of era; and yet, all this while, Eleaner, the true Heir, was alive, and a close Prisoner, and Henry, who was one of he greatest Kings of Us Time, and from whom so great a Race, as that of the Edwards, came, was both a Usurper, and the Son of a Usurper, and Muf« therer of Ji|s own Brothers Son*

'Twas Usurpation Henry's Right bestows, The EngliJI) Crown Two Jus Divinumys knows, And long iiicceslive Kings adorn the (a) Northern

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Three Henrys by a due Succession reign,
And Tork demands the Right of Line in vain
In vain they Claim'd, till Edward's harden'd Sword,
The Right of Blood, by Right of Power restored.

Thro1 Seas of Slaughter, and a dcludg d Throne,
Edward, not wext, but waded to the Crown:
Three Times depos'd, three Times restor'd in Course j

(b) Too Pious Henry's Title yields to Force.

Short livdths Right the conquering Prince enjoy'd,

(c) Treason and Blood his new crowisdRace. destroy'd j As if the Hand of Murther had pursu'd,

The very Crown, and fated it to Blood;
Not Innocence, not Touth and Right could stay,
Ambition bent to rule, and not obey:
Richard with Lust of Government allur'd,
By doubVd Murthers first the Crown procur'd,
Usurp'd the Power, and lcept it by the Sword,
Not hut by Blood and Force to be restor'd :•

(d) Henry th' usurping Murtherer dethroned;
Richard's cut down, and so the Victor's crown'd:
In vain the new assuming Monarch strives,
To find some other (e) Title than his Wives j
In vain he fancies his superior Right,

'Twas born in Battel, and confirm'd in Fight 5

'Twas

Ca) The Red-Rose and the White. '(h) Not th3t a Man can be too piatu, but here it was too easie, too superstitioully devout to manage his Kingdom. • (c) The murthered young Princes, Edward the Vth, and his Brother, cruelly deflioy'd, in the Tower of London, with him, being the last of the Line of the House of Tork.

(d) He?iry, Duke of Richmond, y/ho slew Richard the Hid, at Bosworth-Field in Leichesterfiirc '. '"'

(e) Henry the Vllth, married the Heir of the House of Torky but could never bear to hear of his Title being better'd by her Blood, but insisted upon his own, tho' very remote; but his Title being first built upon the just Pursuit of a Murtherer, and after confirm'd by Parliament, I take to be superior to all the other Claim of Blood, which, indeed, was but weak without it.

*Twas Bosworth-Field, his weahr Claim restor'd,
And grav'd his ancient Title on his Sword.

Thus Heaven due Vengeance on Ambition shows j
One raviflsd Crown, another overthrows:
The Tyrant that usurps, enjoys a Crown,
Till Brother Tyrant, Brother King pulls down:
Succeeding Robberies revenge the past,
And every Age of Crime out-does the last.

JURE

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JURE DI VINO:

S A T Y R.

BOOK XI.

SAtyr, from Fact, to Consequence descend,
Just Princes and just Governments defend *
Where Kings and People with a joint Assent*
Move in the Grand Machine of Government:
Jn proper Sphere, respective Parts perform,
'.And General Good's to both the General Charm:
Tlwre Peace and Property go Hand in Hand,
These freely Bow, and gently those Command.

Princes and People join in publick Peace,
Both seek and understand their Happiness:
Those softly guide, these chearful Homage pay}
TJiose Rule by Law, and these by Choice Obey;
Commence the Parts of Rule in just Consent,
And jointly drive the Wain of Government:
In gentle Yoke of due Subservience draw,
People to Monarchs, Monarchs to the Law j
In spight of Blood, Possession, or of Line,
These are the Governments that are Divine.

Nature and Reason in their Frame concur,
Nature and Reason always must procure,
Just Government, and just Extent of Power.

Impartial SATYR, challenge all Mankind, And leave the just Remark, for Ages yet behind: Corruption has so tainted all the Race; So Hood-wink't Reason's bright and beauteous Face \ Such foul false Schemes of Government has laid, That all the World to Slavery has betray'd:

• The

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