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and file" saw that it was a pretense of military practice and an enforced holiday.

Volunteer companies have been organized from time to time, but have generally been of short life. In 1876, a volunteer company, styled the Urbana Guards, was organized in Urbana, under the revised laws of the State. The company, as organized, numbered eighty-nine members, and elected for officers: Captain, B. F. Ganson; First Lieutenant, Charles Kulencamp; Second Lieutenant, Thomas Binkard; First Sergeant, J. M. Knight; Second Sergeant, R. J. Winder; Third Sergeant, George McDonald; Fourth Sergeant, C. S. Kirtland; Fifth Sergeant, C. E. Colwell.

The uniform adopted was a full gray—being the West Point suit complete.

METEOROLOGICAL OBSERVATIONS.
Latitude 40° 6' north; longitude 83° 43' west; and 1,t>44 feet above tide-water.

We here present the result of meteorological observations made by Mr. Milo G. Williams, at Urbana, during a period of twenty-five years, from 1852 to 1877. The observations and records were made in accordance with the forms adopted by the Smithsonian Institution; the regular hours of observation being 7 o'clock A. M., 2 P. M., and 9 P. M.

The temperature at sunrise, as indicated by the thermometer, is recorded as the minimum for that day. The annual minimum and maximum are the lowest and highest points for the year, without regard to the regular times of observation.

The degree of cloudiness is indicated by numbers, the scale being from 10 to 0, 10 indicating entire cloudiness, 5 one-half, and o entire clearness. The course of the clouds is given to eight points of the compass, and the prevailing course for each day recorded.

TABLE I.—THERMOMETER. The monthly and annual means ; the highest and lowest points each year, and the annual range for 25 years.

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Table II.—Barometer. The monthly and annual means; the highest and lowest points each year, and the annual range for 25 years.

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TABLE III.—Weathrr.

The number of clear, fair and wholly cloudy days; the number of days on which there was rain, snow, or thunder;

the quantity of snow and rain in inches; the degree of cloudiness, and the point of the

compaKa from which they came, and the means of each for 25 years :

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TABLE IV.—Rainfall And Wind.

The quantity of rain in inches for each month and year, and the annual means for twenty-fire years ; also the mean force of

the wind each year; and the number of days the prevailing course of the wind was from eight I points of the compass; and the number of days calm:

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the return of migratory (birds, and the early blossoming of trees and plants, and mean times, and the range of their

appearance for 20 years.

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RAILROADS.

Cincinnati, Sandusty $ Cleveland Railroad.—This road, first called the Mad River & Lake Erie Railroad, under which designation it was chartered and built, was the first railroad to enter Champaign County. It was many years in building, and, being the first road proposed through this county, its advent was looked for with great interest by the citizens of the county, many of whom had subscribed liberally to the stock. The northern end of the road was early placed under contract, and work was also begun from Cincinnati to the north during the year 1847 or 1848. The first passenger train arrived at Urbana, from Sandusky City, on Thursday evening, July 30. 1848, and was welcomed by a large and enthusiastic concourse of citizens, who had assembled at the depot to witness the long-expected and gratifying event. The completion of the line to Urbana left but fourteen miles of staging between Urbana and Cincinnati, and this soon gave way to the iron track and cars. The progress of this great thoroughfare has been rapid, and to-day it is one of the great lines among the many in this State.

The Pittsburgh, Cincinnati $• St. Louis Railroad.—This is a branch of the great railway system of the country, and was first projected and built as a connecting line between Columbus, Ohio, and Indianapolis, Ind., and was called the Columbus, Piqua & Indiana Railroad. It was completed from Columbus to Urbana some time in 1853, and the work was slowly pushed westward, reaching Piqua in 1854. The first regular through train passed over the line on Monday, April 4, 1859, and from that time forward the road has advanced rapidly in importance until it is now one of the greatest of the great east-and-west railroads, with a press of both freight and passenger traffic that has assumed mammoth proportions. The original road received material aid from the citizens of Urbana and Champaign County, and the road, in turn, has been of incalculable benefit both to the city and county.

The New York, Pennsylvania ft Ohio Railroad.—This name was adopted in April, 1880, for the Atlantic & Great Western Railroad. This road was some years in building, and was finally completed to Urbana in 1865, since which time the road has been twice in the hands of a receiver; the last occasion it was secured by the New York, Pennsylvania & Ohio Railroad Company, which now controls it. The road was originally constructed as a broad gauge of six feet in width, and continued as such until the 22d of June, 1880, on which day the entire route of 389 miles was changed, in the short space of four hours and fifteen minutes, to the standard width of four feet and nine inches.

The Cleveland, Columbus, Cincinnati $• Indianapolis Railroad.—This road runs through the southeast corner of Champaign County, through Union and Goshen Townships and the town of Mechanicsburg in the latter township. The original company was called the Springfield, Mt. Vernon & Mansfield Railroad Company, and the road was built through this county in 1851 and 1852. Its advent at Mechanicsburg was celebrated by a grand free excursion to Springfield, and general rejoicing by the people. The people of Goshen Township voted $25,000 in aid to the road, and later some litigation was had, but seems to have been decided favorably to the road, after an outlay of nearly as much more in the legal test. Some 234 car-loads of stock were shipped from Mechanicsburg in 1879, and 100 carloads of lumber. The road opens up a fine country, and will, no doubt, continue to prosper and prove a great benefit to the county.

THE UNITED STATES EXPRESS COMPANY.

This company has indeed become a national institution, and the agency at Urbana has well kept pace with the general advancement of the business throughout the country. The agency at Urbana was established about March, 1848, with the advent of the Mad River & Lake Erie Railroad, and was then known as the W. A. Livingstone & Co. Express, until merged into the United States Express. W. W. Helmick, now an old citizen and Justice of the Peace in Urbana, was the first agent, and he relates how strangely the business was conducted in those days. People were singularly honest. They intrusted their money and valuables to the care of the agent without receipt, and the agent, for want of better facilities, frequently carried large sums of money around in his pockets, and no man molested or made him afraid. Mr. Helmick served as agent for about two years, the first year attending to the business as an accommodation, and latterly receiving, in all, about $50 as compensation. He was succeeded by Lucien Barney, who held the position two or three years, and was, in turn, succeeded by Mr. William Hamilton. The business gradually increased and became systemized, as other railroads were completed through Urbana. Mr. A. C. Humphreys took the agency in 1859, and conducted it successfully until about September, 1861, when he retired to go into other business, and was succeeded by the present incumbent, Mr. O. B. Happersett. Since that time, from a limited business, employing only the agent and one occasional assistant, the business has increased until now six men are required to properly attend it, and some nineteen express trains, arriving and departing by day and night, require their almost constant attention.

Statistics.

In the removal of papers, etc., incident to the rebuilding of the court house, statistics of agricultural reports cannot be ascertained to any extent. We are able to present a few years only.

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Average of wheat per acre in 1869 19.31 bushels.

Average of wheat per acre in 1874 16.72 bushels.

Average of wheat per acre in 1879 21.18 bushels.

Average of wheat per acre for ten years 15 bushels

Average per acre in corn, 1869 38.2 bushels.

Average per acre in corn, 1874 85.4 bushels.

Average per acre in corn, 1879 39.2 bushels.

Average per acre in ten years 38 bushels.

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