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inasmuch as a wood print of the Sun at the top of the page, Wynkyn de Worde at the bottom, and his usual device in the centre, is substituted in the last leaf for the print of the Virgin with Jesus in her arms, in the Cambridge copy.

An imitation or reprint of this translation was published in 12mo. by James Roberts, and in the same year by Nicholas Ling—Herbert vol. ii. p. 1033 —Vol. iii. p. 1341 : and in Bibl. Rawlinsoniana, No. 331, 22d Jan. 1727-8, is " The famous historical "life of Robert II Duke of Normandy, surnamed for "his monstrous birth and behaviour, Robin the Divell. "4to. London, 1599."

The romance of King Robert of Sicily, (a) from which copious extracts are to be found in the 2nd vol. of the new edition of Warton's History of English Poetry and the old English Morality of Robert

(a) The 59 Chapter of the Gesta Romanorum containing the History of the Emperor Jovinian, which has also been made the subject of a French Morality, printed at Lyons from an ancient copy in 1581, 8vo. with the title " L'Orgueil et presomption de ''Erapereur J ovinian," is nearly identical with this romance.

Cicyll which was represented at the High Cross in Chester, in 1529, are obviously connected with the hero of the present Romance. "Robert of Cicyl and Robert the Devil," says the ingenious editor of that publication, "though not identical are clearly members of the same family, and this poetic embodiment of their lives is evidently the offspring of that tortuous opinion so prevalent in the middle ages, and which time has mellowed into a vulgar adage, that 'the greater the sinner the greater the saint.' The subject of the latter was doubtlessly Robert the first Duke of Normandy, who became an early object of legendary scandal, and the transition to the same line of potentates in Sicily was an easy effort when thus supported. The romantic legend of Sir Gowther, recently published in Mr. Utterson's select pieces of early Popular Poetry, is only a different version of Robert the Devil with a change of scene, names, &c."


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Here begynneth the lyfe of the moost myscheuoust Robert the Deuyll, which was afterwarde called the seruant of God.

It befel in tyme past, there was a duke in Normandye which was called Ouberte, the whiche duke was passynge ryche of goodes, and also vertuous of lyuynge, and loued and dred God above all thynge, and dyde grete almesse dedes, and exceded all other in ryghtwysnesse and justyce, and moost cheualrouse in dedes of armes and notable actes doynge. This duke helde open house upon a Crystmasse daye, in a towne whiche was called Naverne, upon the Seyne, to the whiche courte came all the lordes and noble blode of Normandy. And because this noble duke was not maryed, his lordes nobles with one assente besought hym to marye and take a wyfe, to thentente that his lygnage myght be multyplyed thereby, and that they myght have a ryght

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