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published an ample and invaluable Catalogue of the University library, in four octavo volumes; a work of great labor and accuracy. He had scarcely completed this publication, when his labors were arrested by death, in July, 1831. A still more interesting and desired work, entitled, “A History of Harvard University, from its Foundation, in the year 1636, to the Period of the American Revolution,” was left unfinished, though “in a considerable degree of forwardness.” This was published after his death, by his friends, and is an enduring monument of his zeal, affection, and fidelity towards the institution.”

In October, 1839, the Corporation were informed that Mr. William Cranch Bond was engaged under an appointment and contract with the government of the United States, with a well-adapted apparatus, in a series of observations on “meteorology, magnetism, and moon-culminations, as also upon all the eclipses of the sun and moon and Jupiter's satellites,” in conmexion with those which should be made by the officers of the expedition to the South Sea, commenced in 1838, under the authority of Congress, for the determination of longitude and other scientific purposes. Being also apprized of the reputation sustained by Mr. Bond as a skilful, accurate, and attentive observer, they made arrangements with him, with the consent of the government of the United States, for the transfer of his whole apparatus to Cambridge, appointed him Astronomical Observer to the University, and took measures to raise by subscription a sufficient sum to erect such buildings as were immediately required.

* See Mr. Pickering's Preface to Mr. Peirce's History.



coor Three thousand dollars were readily subscribed by

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friends of the College and of the design;” Mr. Bond transferred all his astronomical, meteorological, and magnetic apparatus to Cambridge; suitable buildings were erected, and a foundation was laid, of the most firm and substantial character, for the fixed instruments. A house, in every respect commodious and sufficient, connected with these buildings, has been assigned to Mr. Bond and to Mr. Lovering, the present Hollis Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy; and a cupola, with a revolving dome, has been erected on its roof, which well answers the purpose for which it is designed. The meridian line of the transit instrument intersects the top of Blue Hill, in Milton, at the distance of eleven miles in a straight line; where a tower is raised, of round and solid masonry, thirteen feet in diameter at the base, seventeen feet high above the foundation, and nine feet in diameter at the top, above which rises a meridian mark seven feet, and affords a convenient and sure reference for the adjustment and verification of the instruments. The apparatus now in possession of the College, united with that belonging to Mr. Bond, is sufficient for the accurate observation of “eclipses, occultations, moonculminations, meteorology, and the elements required in terrestrial magnetism.”f

On the 20th of May, 1840, the Corporation elected the Rev. George Rapall Noyes, D. D., to the office of Hancock Professor of Hebrew and other Oriental Languages, and Dexter Lecturer on Biblical Literature;

thus uniting the Professorships previously held by Professors Willard and Palfrey.

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On the 29th of August, 1840, the Rev. Henry Ware, D. D., resigned the office of Hollis Professor of Divinity, having been rendered incapable of performing its duties by the failure of his sight. On this occasion, the Corporation passed appropriate votes, expressing the high sense they entertained of his long and faithful services to the College, and their “regret and sympathy for the cause which led to his retirement from an office, which he had held for thirty-five years, with so much honor to himself, and advantage to others;” and “mingling their best wishes and prayers, that a kind Providence may make the evening of his days serene and happy,” they accepted his resignation, and appointed him Professor of Divinity, Emeritus, inviting him to take his usual place, on all public occasions, among the Professors of the institution.

Massachusetts Medical college; ERecTED IN 1815.

WOL. II. 50

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Visit of

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Visits of Presidents Washington and Monroe, and of General Lafayette and President Jackson. — The Phi Beta Kappa Society. — Library of the College.— Its Mineralogical Cabinet.— Its Finances. – Benefactors to the College.—John Lightfoot; Mary Lindall; Joanna Alford; Thomas Palmer; Thomas Pownall; James Bowdoin; Samuel Shapleigh; Thomas Brand-Hollis; Israel Thorndike; Jonathan Mason; Moses Brown; George Partridge; Samuel Parkman; Francis Parkman; Thomas Cary; George Chapman; Timothy Walker; John Foster; Henry Lienow; Sarah Jackson ; Hannah C. Andrews ; William Pomeroy; Joshua Clapp ; Mary Tufts; William Breed; John Cuming ; Esther Sprague; Samuel Livermore; John McLean; Joshua Fisher; James Perkins; Christopher Gore. — Foundation of “Gore Hall.”— Death of Nathaniel Bowditch. — Notice of his Life and Character.

SoME events in the history of the College, and several of its eminent benefactors, remain to be noticed.

In October, 1790, on the visit of President Washington to the Northern States, the Corporation, in a formal address, expressed their gratitude for his revolutionary services, and his patriotism in again listening to the voice of his country, and consenting to preside over the establishment of the new government. Reminding him of the “depressed state of the University,” when he first took command of the American army, at Cambridge, “its members dispersed, its literary treasures removed, and the Muses fled from the din of arms then heard within its walls,” and comparing the dangers with which it was then surrounded, with its present prosperous and peaceful condition, they invoked the blessings of Heaven on him, who had rendered such distinguished services to it and to their country. President Washington, in reply, reciprocated their affectionate sentiments and kind wishes, expressed satisfaction at the flourishing state of the “literary republic,” and his hope, that the “Muses might long enjoy a tranquil residence within the walls of this University.” In July, 1817, when President Monroe visited New England, an invitation was given him by the Corporation “to honor the College with his presence”; which being accepted, he was received according to ancient form. Having been escorted to Harvard Hall by a procession of the undergraduates, and introduced to the several Professors and other College officers, he was addressed by President Kirkland, who, after acknowledging “the dignity and effect our academic functions derive from the countenance of the civil authorities, and the incitements to excellence our pupils find in all the demonstrations of sympathy in their pursuits and destination, given by those who fill exalted stations,” welcomed the President of the United States to a University, whose “constant and elevated aim had been, to inspire youth with principles of virtue, manly sentiment, and the pure love of truth and duty; thus preserving in close alliance the interests of religion and learning, of faith and charity, of liberty and order.” After presenting the young men of the institution, and bearing testimony to the many pledges they gave of their regard for those attainments on which their future usefulness must depend, Dr. Kirkland congratulated President Monroe on the auspicious circumstances attending the commencement of his administration, expressed his prayers for its happy course and issue, accompanied by the wish, that it might be “our privilege, by fidelity and

ChapTER xxxvii.

of President Monroe;

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