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moved from Cluain Mac. Naois to Ceann Coradh, in Or-o-a^-/ der to be interr'd upon the Friday before Easter: but “ . the Day after the Head was miraculously cọnvey'd back to Cluain Mac Naois, by the Prayers (which is - * a fcarce credible) of , . , ' In the Reign of Turlough King of Ireland, ll'illiam, Rufus King of Occasion for Timber to build the Roof of Westminster Hall; this was about the Year of our Redemption pne 5 and not contented with the Wood that grew in his own Dominions, he fent a Messenger to the King of Ireland, to leave that he might be furnish'd out of his Country with a Quantity sufficient for the Work. In the preceding Year a Bishop, whose Name was Malchus, was consecrated by Anselm Archbishop of Can-so orosa, terbury, About this Time died Dearbhforguill the er 5 of Teigė Mac Giolla Patrick, that was married s. toŽirlingh King of Ireland, and he did not long furvive, but was foon after removed to another Life. Mortough may be properly faid to succeed to the" o "o Crown of Ireland; He was the Son of Zeige, the Son of Bryen Boiroimhe, and was the King of Leath Modha ; and the principal Part of the Island, and fat upon the Thronetwenty Years. The Mother ofthis Prince was Ceallrach the Daughter of Ki Eine, who also had another Son call'd Roger 0 Connor. Mortough was a, Prince of great Virtue and exemplary Piety; he it was that beftowed Cashel upon the Clergy, as a Testimony of his Munificence and divine Charity, in the first Year of his Reign, and confirm’d it to them in the Year of our Redemption one thousand one hundred and eleven. This Irish Monarch fummon'd a general Affembly of all the Nobility and Clergy of his Kingdom, and order’d them by his royal Summons to meet him at a Place call'd Fiadh Mac Naongusa. The Clergy of the Island, who appear’d in that Convention, confisted of the Perfons following; Maolmuire 0 Dunain Archbishop of the Province of Munster, Ceallach Mac Hugh the Converb of St Patrick, and Vicar General to the Primate of Ardmach, eight other Bishops of inferior Dioceses, three hundred and fixty Priests and Priors, one hundred and forty Deacons, and many other religious Persons of all Orders. In this Convention were many wholfome Laws and Regulations establish'd, not only for the Government of the Clergy, but of the Laity likewife, - + throughout

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UZYS: throughout the Kingdon; fờon after Maolmaire o Dangga Archbishop of the Province of Manster was tran- gur sleire flared to a better Life. - |- : 1 , ! ; “ Another general Convention was fummon’din the Reign " " of Mortong King of Ireland, inthe Yearof our Redemption one thousandone hundred and fifteen, by Giolla East buig Bishop of Limerick, who was then Legate of Ireland, and the first Person in Authority over the whole Assembly. The old Book of Cluain Aidnach itt Leix, gives a particular Account of this fynodical Meeting, ănd records the principal Transactions that were debated and agreed upon in that Assembly. T his Treatife relates that in that Convocatień it was ordained, thar rhere should be twelve Episcopal Sees fix’d in Heath Modha, which contain'd the Southern half of the Island, and that the fame Number of Bishops should be appointed in Leath Cuinn, which included the Northern ħalf: It was agreed likewise that two Bishops should be fettled in the Country of Meath. In this Conventiorr son cats the Revenue of the Clergy and the Church Lands were confirm’d to the feveral Bishops of the Island, for Eaglorys their Maintenance and Support of the epifcopal Charaćter, which Lands were to be exempted from Tribute and Chief Rents and other publick Contributions, and fo remain in that State of Freedom and Independency for ever. At this Time the Boundaries of alf the Dioceses in that Island were distinctly laid out, and it was establish’d that in the Division of Leath Cuinn, there should be twelve Bishops befides the Primate, five were fix’d in the Province of Ulster, five in the Province of Conacht, and two in the Country of Meath, which make up the whole Number. The Primate had the Government of Ardmach, and exercised a spie ritual Jurisdiction over the whole Kingdom, over ČlvArdfratha, Derry, Chinire, and Dun da Leath

Glas. -

The Seats of Refidence for the Bishops of Meath were Dambliag and Cluain foraird. The Bishops in the Province of Conacht refided at 7aam da Gualann, Cluain Freor arta, Brenvian, Conga, Kilala and Ard Carna. The Palas ces of the Bishops in Munster were first Castiel, where te the Archbishop of Leath Modha resided, Lifmore, or *"* h"aterford, Cork, Rathmoigh, Deigirt, Limerick, Äi. loe, and Emlioch fobhair, these feven Seats were apPointed for the Bishops of Manster in that Convention. In the Province of Leinster were ordain'd five Sees, viz. -^YNA Killeuillin, Laghlin, Kildare, Glean da Loch, and Wexford, otherwife call'd Fearna, which five Sees being added to the feven in the Province of Munster abovemention'd, make up the Number of twelve, ordain’din the Divifion of the Island distinguish’d by the Name of Leath Modha, The Reason why the See of Dublin is not taken Notice of in this Place, is because the Bishop of that Diocese generally received his Confecration from the Hands of the Archbishop of Canterbury in England. Hanmer the Historian very unjustly afferts in his Chronicle, that the Clergy of Ireland were under the spiritual Jurisdićtion of the Archbishop of Canterbury, from the Time of Augustine the Monk to the Reign of King Henry the Second ; but he brings no Evidence to confirm this Opinion, nor is it possible for him to prove that the Irish Clergy paid Obedience to any of the Prelates of Canterbury, except to Lanfranc, Ranulph and Ahnfelm; nor at that Time did the Clergy in general throughout the Kingdom, pay Obedience to these Archbishops, but only fuch as lived in Dublin, Wa-caeso čle

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terford, and Limerick, that originally descended from
the Danes, or else were of the Norman Race, who wereña,
derived from the fame Extraction. Andas a Testimony
not to be denied upon this Occasion, Iappeal to theWrit-
ings ofthat Prodigy of Learning and Industry, Archbishop
Usher, who afferts the fame upon good Authority, and
confutes this English Historian beyond a Poffibility of
Reply. It appears therefore evidently that the Num-
ber of Bishops in the Province of Munster were fix,
and that fix likewise were appointed over the Province
of Leinster, and all of them were under the spiritual
Power of the Archbishop of Cashel, as Arch Prelate of
Leath Modha, in Imitation of the Form of Government
establish’d in the State, which whoever pleases may be
fully inform’d of by turning back to the Reign of Lao-
gaire King of Ireland. . . . . ? · 4 ·

This Irish Synod, call'd the Convocation of Rath Breafail, determin’d the Boundaries of the feveral Dioceses, and fix’d them in the Manner following. The Diocefe of the Bishop of Ardmach extended from Sliabh or Mount Breag to Cuill Cianachta, and from Biorr to Abhain More. TheDiocese of the Bishop ofClochair ex-„ a.s. tended from Abhainmore to Gabhail Liuin, and from gaếersus Sliabh or Mount Biatha to Mount Larga. The Diocesa !

- 6 Q- - f teorian

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v^~' of Ard Sreatha extended from Mount Larga to Carn Glas, and from Loch Craoi to Binn Fiobhne. TheDiocefe of the Bishop of Derry extended from Ea/ruadh to Srubh Broinn, and from thence to Carn Glas. The Diocese of the Bishop of Cuinire extended from Binn Fiobhne to 7'orbuirg, and from Port Murbullg to Hollorba, and to Cuan Snamha Haighne, and from Gloin Riogh to Colbha Gearmann. The Diocese of the Bishop of Dun da Leath Glas is not laid out in the Journal of this Convention. ... The Diocese of the Bishop of Damhliag extended from Mount Breag to Carn Dun Cuair, and from Lochan na Himrime Eastwards to the Sea. The Diocese of Cluain Hioraird extended from Clochan Eastwards to the Shannon, and from Wir Coilte to Cluain Conaire. The Diocese of Cluain Fearta extended from the Shannon to Buirinn, and from Eachtigheto Suca. The Diocese of Tuam extended from Suca to Ard Carna, and from Athan Tearmon to the Shannon. The Diocefe of Conga, extended from Abhain 0 Broin in the North to Neamhthain, and from Athan Tearmon Westwards to Killala. The Diocese of Killala extended

from Neimhthin to Eafruadh, and from Cill Ard Bille to

Srathan Fearainn. The Diocese of Ard Carna extended
from Ard Carna to Sliabh an faruinn, and from Ceis Co-
rainn to Huircuilten. If the Clergy of the Province of
Conacht , will allow of these Boundaries, it will be a
Satisfaction to me, but if they are displeased, yet it must
be granted that there were but five Bishopricks in that
Province. i 3 : - , ': , -
, The Diocese of the Archbishop of Cashel extended
from Mount Eibhlinne to the River Stuir, and from
Cnamh Coill by Tipperary to Grein Airbha, that is to
Croß Greine Westwards. The Diocese of Li/more or
Waterford extended from Mileadbach upon the Bank of
the River Bearrow, to the Meeting of the three Streams
of Corke, and from the River Stuir Southwards to the
Sea. The Diocese of Cork extended from Cork to Carn
Vi Veid, and from the Black Water Southwards to the
Sea. The Diocese of Rath Maighe Deisgirt extended
from Baoi Bearra to Ceann Meara, and from Feil to
Dairbhre. The Diocese of Killaloe extended from
Slighe Dala to Leim Congcullun, and from Mount Each-
tuigbe to Mount Vidhe an Riogh, and from thence to
Mount or Glean Caoin. The Diocese of Limerick ex-
tended from Maolcearn Westwards to Ath an Coinne


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Lodain, and to Lach Guir, and to Lathach More, and ^~
from Aidhne Westwards, and Ard Patrick Southwards,
and Beallach Feabhrat and 7 ullach inclusive; Feil and
Tairbeart Westwards, and Cuinche in Thumond Croß in.
Mount l'idhe an Riogh, and Dubh Abhain; The Jour-,
nal of that Convention adds this Sanction in this Place,
//hoever exceeds these Boundaries äffs contrary to the
HVill of God, and the Intention of St. Peter and St. Pa-
trick, and all the Christian Churches. The Cathedral of . . .
this Diocese is St. Mary's Church in Limerick. The a fis-se:
Diocese of Emly fobhair, extended from Cluain Caoin
to the Black //ater, and from Cnamh Coill by Tippera-
ry to Abhain Alla. The Diocese of Kilkenny extended
from Mount Bladhma to Mileadhach, and from Grein
Airb to Mount Mairge. The Diocese of Leith Glin
extended from Mount Bladhma to Mount Vidbe in the
Province of Leinster, and fi ' ' i Mount Mairge to Beal-
lach Carcrach, and from to Teach Mo-
ling and to Waarmann The Diocefe of Kildare ex-
tended from Ros Fionglaise to the Waas in Leinster, and
from thence to Cumar Cluana Hioraird, and to the
Mounts Glin da Loch. The Diocese of Glın da Loch,
extends from Grianog to Breigeirinn, to the Maas, and to so beanaf
Reachroinn. The Diocese of Fearns or l/Wexford, ex- -
tends from Beigeirn to Mileadbach, on the West of the go :
River Bearow, and from Mount Vidhe in the Province
of Leinster Southwards to the Sea. The Clergy of thers |
Province of Leinster, I presume, will allow of this Me-
thod of laying out the Boundaries of the feveral Dio-
cefes; nor is it to be disputed that there were any more,
than five Bishopricks in that Province. The famous,
Convocation of Rath Breasal and the twenty five Bi-
fhops that fat in that Assembly, left the Blesfing of
God and their own likewise upon the succeeding Bi-
fhops, in the twenty five Dioceses above mention'd,
who should support and vindicate the Orders and Laws,
that were ordained in that Synod, with Regard to the -
Limits of their feveral Bishopricks, and invok'd dread-
ful Imprecations upon such who presumed to violate . . .
those Injunctions, or disputed the Authority of that ve- ***
nerable Synod. : , ,
It is observ'd by Hacluit in his Chronicle, that when
Mortough 0 Bryen was poffess'd of the Government of
the Inhabitants ofthe neighbouring Islands sent,
a Meffenger to that Prince, that he would fend them a
- Person

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