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Faaxmus romEurosa. F. faliolis subnovenis, dentatzls, petiolatwls; ramulis petiolisque pubescenti-tomentoszls.
Fraxinus pubescens. LlNN. .
OF all the Ashes, this species is the most multiplied in Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia. It is commonly called Red Ash, and frequently Ash. Like the White Ash, it prefers swamps and places frequently inundated or liable to be covered with water by copious rains, and in these situations it is accompanied by the Shellbark Hickory, Bitternut Hickory, Swamp White Oak, Red Maple, Sweet Gum, and Tupelo.
The Red Ash is a beautiful tree, rising perpendicularly to the height of sixty feet with a diameter of fifteen or eighteen inches. It is inferior to the White Ash not only in size, but in the rapidity of its growth: the length of the annual shoots and the distance of the buds are but half as great as in the preceding species. '
The leaves are from twelve to fifteen inches long, and are composed of three or four pair of very acuminate, denticulated leaflets, with an odd one. Their lower surface, as well as the shoots of the same season to which they are attached, is covered with a thick down: on insulated trees, this down is red at the approach of autumn, whence, probably, is derived the name of Red Ash. The seeds are shorter than those of the White Ash, but similar in form and arrangement. I
The bark upon the trunk is of a deep brown, and the perfect wood is of a brighter red than that of the White Ash. The wood of this species possesses all the properties for which the other is eswemed, and in the ports of the Middle and gorthern
States they are indiiferently applied to the same diversified uses; that of the Red Ash, however, is somewhat harder, and consequently less elastic. Notwithstanding its inferiority of size, the Red Ash is perhaps more valuable for the regions to which it has been assigned by nature; of this the Americans will be able to judge by experience: both species are of such general utility that the utmost pains should be bestowed upon their preservation and increase.
A branch with leaves of half the natural size. Fig. 1. Scctléof the natural size. [The specimen at Bartram’s is fifty feet in height and five feet two inches in circumference. It thrives best in a moist situation.—Mnr:nAN.]
THE Green Ash is more common in the western districts of Pennsylvania, Marylan§ and Virginia, than in any other part of the United States; but even here it is less multiplied than the White Ash and the Black Ash. Dr. Muhlenberg has par