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strangers of his pupils in Cambridge, and others of his purpose, though less learned, and preferred them to the Fellowships and offices in the College, and government, though less worthy than the natives." . . . . "That the Mathematick and Hebrew lectures were put down, and other exercises of learning." He also abolished the Professorship of Irish. But the principal charge (and one which has been continually repeated from that time to the present day, against the authorities of the College) was, that he fraudulently mismanaged the College property. As it is interesting to trace through a series of years the same complaints occurring against the same persons, we give this charge in full :—
"Whereas a complaint hath been made against the late Provost, the now Bishop of Cork, among other things, that he made several leases of the College lands, to the hindrance of the College, and disiinprovement of their revenue; and for that the state of the charter of the College, and the order of the government to be observed for the future, be under the consideration of this house; and for that information is given to this house, that several leases, respecting the estates made heretofore, will be found fraudulent, and for that avoided; and that some of the tenants of the lands of the said College seek to take new leases of their lands, and several others seek confirmation of their former leases from the now Provost and Fellows: it is ordered by this house that the now Provost and Fellows shall make no lease of any of the said College lands, nor confirm any such lease already made, till this house give further order therein."
Carte, in his brief account of these transactions, appears to hint that Catholics were now first, by public statute, excluded from the University; he says that Laud drew up a body of statutes, "by some of which Romish recusants were excluded from the benefit of any education or preferment in the College of Dublin." The House of Commons, on Frebruary 23, 1640, had appointed a secret committee to repair to the College to examine the charters and statutes then in force; but the authorities, more suo, made a difficulty of producing those papers, so that at the beginning of this session the House renewed their proceedings, and ordered the Provost and Fellows to deliver copies gratis of all their charters. In the course of their proceedings they authorized the committee to view the old and new statutes, and to prepare and make ready a draught of both to be observed by the College.1 But nothing final appears to have been done in this matter. More important affairs engaged them. The rising of 1641 drew their attention from the superintendence of education. XDhappel, like many other an adventurer before and after him, having come to Ireland, and enriched himself there, fled back to England to enjoy his gains. Their resentment against him was bitter and lasting. Six years of rebellion and civil war elapsed, but still they did not forget him. In the short parliament of 1647, the proceedings were resumed. But this, too, came to nought. Chappel died in England in 1649.1
1 Carte's History of the Life of James, Duke of Ormonde—London, 1736, i. p. 147.
The early Provosts, all of whom were educated in England, made different attempts to assimilate the constitution of the University of Dublin to that of the English Universities, by the establishment of other Colleges and Halls. The first new foundation of this kind which we find any trace of, was in 1604. One Woodward was employed as College Schoolmaster, with a quarterly allowance of £2 10s.s This school was a separate place of instruction,3 but we are not told where it was held ; and probably it was instituted to instruct the junior students in English and Latin. The time which they spent at this school was reckoned as part of that required by the University for taking their degrees; but no further notice is taken of the school. In 1617, a bridewell which had been erected in College-green was sold by the Corporation of Dublin to the University for £30, on condition that it was to be converted into a College, under the name of Trinity Hall; and it was so employed until the Eebellion of 1641, "when the said Hall was by poor people occupied, and in a manner ruinated, the said College not being in a condition to look after it, or wholly neglecting it." The College authorities consequently discontinued their lectures, or whatever other instruction they were in the habit of giving in this place; whereupon the Corporation of Dublin demanded back their property, as the conditions on which it was given were not being fulfilled. But their claim was disputed, and the matter pended until Dr. John Stearne, a Senior Fellow and Physician, terminated the difficulties in the following manner :—He moved the Provost and Fellows, "that he might by them be constituted President of the said Hall during his natural life, and accommodated with certain lodgings therein, upon several conditions, whereof three were, to keep out the city, to repair the said Hall, without any charge to the College, which the College at that time was not able to defray, and to convert the remainder to what should be unto him allotted for his own accommodation, unto the sole and proper use of physicians. Upon acceptance of this proposal, the said Dr. Stearne was made President of the said College by the then pretended Provost and Fellows ;' and accommodated with a certain number of rooms therein; and the said John Stearne took off" the city from prosecuting this design, lent out of his own purse above £100, in repairing said hall, and procured disbursements from others for accomo.dating physicians with a convenient place to meet in, in order to the erection of a College of Physicians as soon as it could possibly be effected; and so the case stood until his King's Majesty's happy Restoration."1 This was the foundation of the Royal College of Physicians in Ireland, for which a charter was soon after obtained from the king. The Carmelite seminary of the Jesuits, in Back-lane, having been permitted to exist under the gentle government of Lord Falkland, and even to assume the power of conferring degrees, was suppressed by Lord Ely in 1630, and granted to Trinity College. The last governor of this Catholic University was the celebrated Paul Harris, who took a leading part in the discussions that occurred at the time between the secular and regular clergy. About this time, writes Borlase, following L'Estrange, the Catholics had begun "to rant it in Ireland, and to exercise their fancies (called religion,) as publicly as if they had gained a toleration, inasmuch as they said mass frequently, until they were suppressed, and the friars and priests were so persecuted, that two hanged themselves in their own defence."2 The authorities of the University of Dublin gave the name of New College to the remodelled institution. They placed in it a Rector and Scholars, and delivered weekly lectures therein," which the Lords'Justices often countenanced with their presence."3 The Earl of Cork allowed £40 a-year, for two years, to maintain this
1 Taylor's History of the University of Dublin, p. 36.
'Quarterly Journal of Education, vol. vi. p. 14.
'This may be inferred from an entry in an old book of accounts, in Provost Alvey's handwriting:—" For a booke of regiatrie of matriculatio into ye Colledge of such as are sent to ye school."—ib.
1 That is, those who had held office under the Commonwealth. Provost Winter had been appointed by virtue of an Act passed, 1651, which gave authority to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland to nominate the officers of Trinity College. All these were deprived upon the Restoration.