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removed to Urbana, where he has since been engaged in the study and practice of his chosen profession. He was married in June, 1846, to Marietta B. Skeen, daughter of David Skeen, a native of Pennsylvania, who came to this county in 1840. Mrs. Brown is a native of the Keystone State, and has had four children, only one of whom is living, the wife of A. C. Wilson, a druggist of Piqua, Ohio. Dr. Brown and wife have been members of the M. E. Church since childhood, and have always taken a deep interest in everything that tended to build up public morals and benefit their adopted country. The Doctor belongs the Masonic and Odd Fellow fraternities. Politically, he is a Republican, and a man of strongly molded views in favor of temperance. He has been a member of the American Medical Association since 1848; is a member of the Ohio Medical Association, of which he has been a Vice President, and has belonged to the Champaign Co. Medical Society since 1852, and was its Treasurer for several years. In December, 1875, he was appointed as the U. S. Examining Surgeon for this county, which position he yet holds. He is to-day the oldest regular practicing physician in Urbana, has a good practice, is a pleasant, agreeable gentleman, and is trusted and respected by a large circle of Champaign's leading citizens.

J. H. BROWN, Agent of the P., C. & St. L. R. R., Urbana; was born December, 1832, in Clark Co., Ohio. His minor days were mostly spent in Indiana, and from 11 to 18 years of age he was on the farm, and enjoyed the usual common-school privileges. At the last age mentioned, he engaged in the erection of the Columbus, Piqua & Indiana Railroad. Notwithstanding the changes on the road, he still holds a good position, which was obtained through his own merits. This official duty he has had charge of for twenty-two years. During the year 1868, he became connected in the boot and shoe trade in this city; though the firm has undergone several changes, he still retains his interest, but has never given personal attention to its sales. The firm is now known as Brown & Wilson, No. 39 Monument Square, where a full line of goods is carried, and handled by ready clerks.

J. W. BYLER, attorney at law, of the firm of Byler & Richards, Urbana, was born in Smithville, near Wooster, Ohio, Jan. 5, 1856, and is a son of Henry and Rebecca (Kuntz) Byler. Henry is a grandson of Henry Byler, Sr., who was born in Switzerland, came to America early in the eighteenth century and located in what is now Berks Co., Penn,, though Henry was born in Lancaster Co., of that State, in 1816. At the age of 11 years, his parents located in Stark Co., Ohio, where he matured; thence located on a farm in Fairfield Co., Ohio. Several years later, engaged as General Agent to the Massillon Machine Co., in which he successfully operated until 1855, when he married; his wife was born in Wayne Co., Ohio, in 1836. Soon after his marriage, he settled on his farm, previously purchased; this he cultivated until 1860, since which have been a few changes, and at present he owns 142 acres in Salem Township, Champaign Co., Ohio, which he superintends. Six children have been born to this union— J. W., Mary (deceased), David K., Susan (deceased), Joseph M. and Henry, Jr. Our subject being the eldest, he was mostly raised in Wayne Co., Ohio, where he acquired his primary education. Since the age of 16, he has been in attendance at the Wadsworth College, National Normal, at Lebanon, Ohio, and others. Has devoted three years to the profession of teaching, and, in the meantime, has acquired a fair knowledge of medicine, under the tutorship of Dr. J. H. Ayers, afterward taking up the study of law, under the preceptorship of Warnock & Eichelberger, to which he closely applied himself, and was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court of the State in March, 1880, and is now located in Urbana, among many old attorneys, to build up a practice. His nuptials were celebrated Jan. 1,1879, with Miss Alice C., daughter of Lemuel and Ann Pence. She was an accomplished young lady, born October, 1860, and died of consumption five months after her marriage.

JAMES G. CALDWELL, farmer; P. 0. Urbana. John Winn, the grandfather of Mr. Caldwell, entered the land known as the " Pretty Prairie," in 1805, and James still owns the original tract, that to this day never had a mortgage or other incumbrance on it. John Winn was a Virginian by birth, and came to Fleming Co., Ky., in 1796. He came to Kentucky from Virginia in an ox-cart, with no property save one negro boy and his cattle. He was well educated, and commenced teaching school in the neighborhood. Mrs. Winn's maiden name was Minor, and she had inherited twenty negroes from her father's estate. John freed all the negroes when he left Kentucky, and gave his name as security for their good behavior. They had seven children—Jane, Susan, Charles, Douglas, Richard, Martilla and John. He was converted under the ministrations of Rev. John Smith, of the Baptist Church. When the meeting was over, Brother Smith announced that Brother Winn would be baptized next Sabbath, and that he hoped there would be a good attendance. "God bless you, Brother Smith," said John, " life is too uncertain to wait, and I want to be baptized at once." It was accordingly attended to by candlelight. After the conversion of John, he came to the conclusion that all the world was to be saved, and embraced the Universalist faith. Saying that God had done much for him, and he would do something for God at his own expense, he erected the church at Springfield. This will ever be a monument to his memory. John G. Caldwell married Jane Winn about 1810. Their bridal trip was made on horseback from Kentucky to this State, and their first settlement made on the farm of our subject, where they both lived and died. Their children were named John, Charles, Robert, Mary, Martha and Susannah; only Robert and our subject still survive. His marriage to Miss Emma McBeth was celebrated in 1859. Mrs. Caldwell represents one of the oldest families in the county, her father, James McBeth, being a very prominent man. The children are five in number—Eva, Annie, Fern, John and Joseph Hooker. They also have five children buried in Oakdale Cemetery. James G. Caldwell was born March 22, 1830, when the Presbyterian Church at Urbana was demolished by a storm, and the Methodist Church also sustained much injury. Mrs. Caldwell was born in 1841, and bears her age lightly. Mr. C. proposes to spend his days on the farm rendered doubly dear to him by the first settlement of his grandfather and the birth of his own family. He is a Republican of the stanch order, and has just cause to feel pride in his preferences.

WILLIAM CARSON, farmer; P. 0. Urbana. The parents of our subject, Hugh and Elizabeth Carson, were natives of Lancaster Co., Penn., emigrating to Ross Co., Ohio, in 1810, where they continued to reside during the remainder of their lives. Their children—Eliza, Isabel, William (our subject), John, Annie, Jane, Hugh and Ebenezer, Margaret, Mary and Prudence—were born in that county. Of this number, John, Hugh, Margaret and Prudence are dead. Those living are now scattered over different States, none residing in this county except William. The parents are both dead, the wife and mother dying in 1842, and the father in 1847. He was drafted during the war of 1812, but hired a substitute. William was married to Miss Martha Bradford in 1850, and came to Champaign Co. in 1859, since which time he has engaged in agriculture, and is the owner of an elegant farm near Urbana. He is one of our most enterprising men, and has ever enjoyed the reputation of being a man of correct business habits. As a local politician he is a leader, in his vicinity, of the Republican party, of whose time-honored principles he has always been an earnest advocate. He has been connected with the public schools in his district, and has made an excellent official ia that capacity. Mr. and Mrs. Carson are the parents of William J ., Robert B., James J. and Annie M. Carson. All have finished their education. Two sons have a great liking for the agricultural business, and will probably follow in the footsteps of their father. Robert is living in Indiana, the others at the elegant home of their parents. Mr. Carson has always been among the foremost in his endeavors to promote the public good, and his record as a man will be a valuable heirloom of which his children may ever feel proud. His farm of 161 acres is as neatly tilled, perhaps, as any in the county.

JOSEPH S. CARTER, JR., M. D., General Manager of the Western Mutual Insurance Company, Urbana; among the prominent families who have long been connected with the history of Urbana is that of Dr. Carter. Dr. Joseph S. Carter, Sr., was a native of Bourbon County, Ky.; he was educated at Lexington, and a graduate of the medical department of the University of Pennsylvania; in the war of 1812, he was appointed Surgeon of a regiment which was recruited and commanded by Gov. Shelby in the vicinity of Urbana; Dr. Carter became so pleased with this region that he resigned his commission, returned to Kentucky, and removed his family to Urbana, where he remained and became a quite noted physician and highly esteemed citizen ; so decided were his talents that, soon after settling here, a committee, in behalf of the citizens of Columbus, visited him for the purpose of inducing him to come to the capital, but he was wedded to his new home and remained; he was an associate and intimate with Profs. Eberly, Drake and Mussey, and, by reason of their estimate of his abilities, was appointed a Trustee of the Ohio Medical College: he was a man of fine character and remarkably generous disposition, enthusiastically devoted to his profession; his students can be found in many different States, and among them are some eminent physicians; he did a large business and made a great amount of money, but, while he always lived well and left a nice property, he was not rich, from the fact that he never prized money and would spend it freely, and often gave away his means with reckless indifference; his son received, after his father's death, $100 from an unknown person, which proved to be a legacy given him by the brother of a competing physician who was unfortunate, and whom Dr. Carter, Sr., had supported and cared for in the early days of Champaign County history. The wife of Dr. Carter, Sr., was a daughter of M. W. Fisher, who was a prominent pioneer of Springfield; they had eight children, four of whom are now living, of whom the subject of this sketch is one; Dr. J. S. Carter, Jr., was born in Urbana in 1825, and received the benefit of his father's instructions in addition to a scholastic training, graduated from the Ohio Medical College in 1850, and succeeded his father, who died in 1852, and afterward engaged in the drug trade here in connection with his practice; he was Examiner of Pensioners for this county, and had a large and successful practice here until, by reason of ill-health, he retired in 1870, and became the General Manager of the Western Mutual Fire Insurance Company, a history of which is given in connection with that of Urbana; the success of this company is proof of the wisdom and energy of the management; he is a member of the M. E. Church, and a liberal-hearted, public-spirited citizen. He married, in 1858, Miss Mary J. Miner, of La Fayette, Ind.; they have three daughters living,—Henrietta, Pauline and Gertrude; they also had one daughter who died in infancy.

FRANK CHANCE, attorney at law, Urbana; is the eldest son of Thomas and Susan Chance, and was born near Westville, Champaign Co., Ohio, May 17, 1842; received his education in the local schools in his neighborhood, the high schools ot Urbana, and Miami University at Oxford, Ohio. In the fall and winter of 1860-61, he studied law under the preceptorship of John H. Young, Esq., of Urbana, Ohio. On the 17th of April, 1861, under the first call of President Lincoln for troops to aid in the suppression of the rebellion, he volunteered as a private in Co. D, 13th O. V. I., and served until his enlisted term had expired; was mustered out Aug. 22 of the same year; he then resumed the study of law, in which he continued until May 27, 1862, when he again entered the United States army in Co. H, 86th O. V. I. June 10, following, he rose to First Lieutenant of his company, with which he remained throughout its campaign in Western Virginia except a short time; he was then detached from his regiment and assigned to duty as Post Adjutant under the commandant of the military post at Clarksburg, W. Va., and was mustered out of service with his regiment at Camp Delaware Sept. 25,1862. The following fall and winter was spent at the Cincinnati law school and in the office of Tilden & Caldwell; May 4, 1863, at the April term of the District Court of Hamilton County, Ohio, he was admitted to the bar, and, Nov. 3 of the following fall, he was appointed by Gov. David Tod Adjutant of the 4th O. V. I., commanded by Col. J. B. Armstrong; but, on the 23d of the same month, entered the United States naval service as Acting Master's Mate, and was assigned to duty on the United States steamship Gazelle, tender to flagship of Rear Admiral Porter, and was with his vessel on Red River, La., at the time the 4th O. V. I. was called into active service, but was unable to accompany the regiment into the field. He remained with the Gazelle throughout the disastrous Red River campaign, and participated in many of the naval engagements in which the fleet under Admiral Porter was engaged during that expedition. On June 25, 1864, he resigned, and, Oct. 4 of the same year, married Frances S., eldest daughter of John H. and Elizabeth Young, of Urbana, Ohio. Since his marriage he has been actively engaged in the practice of law, and has for a number of years been a partner of his early legal preceptor, John H. Young, and, at the writing of this article, Solicitor of the Pittsburgh, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad Company. He was unanimously nominated by the Democratic Congressional Convention of the Eighth Congressional District that met at Urbana, Ohio, Aug. 12, 1880, as its candidate for Congress, and accepted the nomination, though he well knew that he could not hope to overcome the large Republican majority against him in that district.

J. M. CLARK, proprietor of the American Hotel, Springfield, Ohio, which is one of the homelike houses of the city. The paternal grandfather was a resident of old Virginia at the time of the Revolutionary war, in which he was a patriot, serving through that struggle. After his marriage he settled in Virginia, where he died, leaving two sons, of which John, the father of our subject, was the eldest, and was born about the time of the above-mentioned war, living in his native State until maturity. He came to the Northwest Territory, of which Champaign County was a small part, in 1778, where he married Phebe Minturn, who was born in New Jersey, in 1780, and came with her parents to the territory of Champaign County, at a very early day. John and Phebe soon after marriage settled in the dense forest of the Northwest, where they cleared up a farm and endured many privations and hardships. Frequent visits were paid them by the red men, who have long since disappeared and have been driven to the far West. After a useful life of for over two-score years, he passed away, leaving his wife and eight children. His wife died in 1864. Of the children, three now survive, of whom J. M. is the youngest; he was born April 6, 1823, in Champaign Co., Ohio; was raised to farm life and suffered many of the early-day privations. At the age of 17, he took charge of the home farm, and, while conducting the same, in 1845, married Miss Mary J. Hudson. Three years later, he engaged in teaming, and in 1850, commenced work on the C., S. & C. R. R. One year later, removed to Indiana, but in 1854 returned to Urbana, where he resided until his removal to Springfield, in 1874, where he and one son are proprietors of the American Hotel, on West Main street. The children of Mr. and Mrs. Clark were five in number, of whom four are now living, Mrs. Clark was born in Indianapolis, Ind., Oct. 5, 1826.

REV. W. M. CLAYBAUGH, minister of the Buck Creek Presbyterian Church; was born in Chillicothe, Ohio, Jan. 9, 1837, and is a son of the Rev. Joseph Claybaugh, D. D., born in Frederick City, Md., in 1803. His parents soon after settled in Chillicothe, Ohio, where he was educated by the Presbyterian Church; after graduating, he served the congregation for years, at Chillicothe. About 1840, when the Theological Seminary of the Associate Reformed Presbyterians was organized at Oxford, Ohio, he was removed there by Synod and elected its President, very much to the dissatisfaction of the church in which he was laboring and had been educated. He remained in this institution until his death, which occurred Sept. 9, 1855, having served long and faithfully in the ministerial profession. His wife, Margaret (daughter of David Bonner, a patriot of the war of 1812), was born in Chillicothe, Ohio; was partly educated in the seminary at Hamilton, Ohio; she is now residing with her children. She had eleven children, of which Rev. W. M. is the sixth. At the death of his father, he was thrown upon his own resources; leaving Oxford when ready to enter the Junior year. He went to Pittsburgh, Penn., where, for two years, he pursued his studies under the care of the Presbyterian Theological Seminary, and under the instructions of the venerable John T. Pressel, D. D., and David Kerr; thence to Xenia, Ohio, and continued his studies two years longer. In the winter of 1860 (January), was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Presbytery of Cincinnati. During that summer, by appointment and special invitation, he visited and preached in Pennsylvania, east of the mountains, Pittsburgh and vicinity, and Iowa City, Iowa. Spending one month at the latter place, was urged to accept a call to become Pastor of the First Church. Having one year to attend the seminary at Xenia, returned and graduated in the spring of 1861. March 12, of the same year, he married Miss Mary E. Herritt, of Xenia, and immediately moved to Iowa City and took charge of the church which waited for him his last collegiate year. The late war breaking out affected the Western churches very much, hence he gave up this charge and preached, by invitation, four months in Rochester, N. Y.; thence was called to Hartford, Conn.; two years later, was called to Boston, Mass.; remained there about three years, when he gave up his charge. He then entered the f innerly United Presbyterian, preaching at Lima, Ohio, one year, and two and one-half years in Van Wert, Ohio, holding calls, but not seeing his way clear to settle until his removal to Champaign Co., Ohio, about Dec. 20, 1871, when a unanimous call was tendered him by the Buck Creek Presbyterian Church, near Urbana, where for the last nine years he has labored faithfully, and is yet their Pastor. He is a wise administrator and true counselor.

ROBERT R. COLWELL, Urbana; retired merchant; is another native and old resident of Urbana. He is a son of Peter R. Col well, who came from New Jersey in the fall of 1815, and settled in Urbana, where he remained until his decease, in 1847. He was a chair-maker by trade, and carried on that business in a small way during his residence here, and was known as a man of sterling integrity. Robert's mother was Lavina, daughter of Nathan Fitch. She came with her parents to this county from Kentucky, in 1806, she then being but 6 years of age. She survived her husband, and died in 1866. The subject of this sketch was born in Urbana in 1819. He remembers seeing the Indians coming to Urbana in squads on trading expeditions. He attended the subscription school in his youth, and early learned the chairmaker's trade, and with his father had a little chair and furniture establishment, which gradually increased. In 1855,he purchased an interest in the flouring-mill, and this, with the lumber trade in connection, gradually increased from about 1860 to 1878, when he sold out and retired from active business. Thus, from an unpretending mechanic, he succeeded to the proprietorship of one of the most extensive, successful private enterprises ever established in Urbana. His residence is a pleasant property on the southwest corner of High and Court streets. He married, in 1867, Mrs. Mary Ann Stansbury, widow of Alfred Stansbury, deceased, and daughter of Emor Kimber. They have one child— Annie Laura.

CALVIN F. COLWELL, Urbana; lumber dealer. Mr. Colwell is a native of Urbana, and a life resident. He was born in 1831, and is a son of Peter R. and Lavina (Fitch) Colwell. He was a native of New Jersey, and came to Urbana in 1815. She came from Kentucky with her parents about 1806. Mr. Fitch was at one time proprietor of the hotel here. The subject of this sketch became connected with the establishment of which he is now one of the proprietors, as a workman, in 1854; in 18H2 he became a partner, and has since continued in that relation. Since the decease of Mr. Stayman, Mr. Colwell has been the senior member of the firm of Colwell & O'Neal; he Ls master of all the details of the business, and his long experience enables him to understand the wants of the people, and the business of the firm has assumed large proportions. Mr. Colwell is a member of the M. E. Church, and a highly respected citizen. He married, in 1855, Maliuda M., daughter of Joseph McComsey; they have one daughter living—Max.

JOHN COONEY, farmer; P. O. Urbana. Mr. Cooney has been a resident of this county for the past twenty-eight years, being formerly a resident of Ireland, in which country he was reared an agriculturist. His mother, Mary Cooney, came with her two children—our subject and his sister Hannah—determined to make a living in America, where all had equal rights, and the poor man could rise in the world, provided he had the energy. They settled in Urbana, and John went to work on the railroad; he fol

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