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one route, where the foreign office or offices are not more than two „ Mar- 3; 23 hundred miles distant from the domestic office, on the same terms and —contracts for, conditions as inland steamboat service, and pay for the same out of J^de" may be the appropriation for inland steamboat service.

Sec. 1403. On routes on which steamboat or other m2S*SrTJ£.d ln power boat service is performed the contractors shall provide boats which are safe, suitable, and satisfactory to the Postmaster General.

2. The contractor when required shall provide and fit Accomm o d a

, tions tor clerk.

up on each boat used in the service a room suitable for the distribution of the mail, with a sleeping apartment attached, for the exclusive use of the postal clerk, and furnish first-class board to such clerk, without additional charge.

3. Contractors on steamboat lines shall keep a record, contractors to

1 keep record of

of all pouches due to be received or dispatched bv thcmi,°uches »nd

r r J make report.

and check all pouches when received or dispatched. In cases of failure to receive any pouch due, a shortage slip shall be made out explaining the cause of failure and forwarded in lieu of the missing pouch. If cause is not known, the contractor, or his employee, in addition to making out the shortage slip, shall notify the division superintendent Railway Mail Service. Specific instructions in regard to the use of shortage slips shall be given by the General Superintendent Division of Railway Mail Service.

III.—Ship And Steamboat Letters.

Sec. 1404. The master or other person having charge or control. Deliver}- of ,*i t'i letters Dy nia.s

ol any steamboat or other vessel passing between ports or places in the ter of vessel.

United States, arriving at any such port or place where there is a post sta^m" 4' 33 office, shall deliver to the postmaster or at the post office within three hours after his arrival, if in the daytime, and if at night, within two hours after the next sunrise!, all letters and packages brought by him or within his power or control and not relating to the cargo, addressed to or destined for such port or place, for which he shall receive from the postmaster two cents for each letter or package so delivered, unless the same is carried under a contract for carrying the mail; and for every failure so to deliver such letters or packages, the master or other Penalty for failperson having charge or control of such steamboat or other vessel shall be fined not more than one hundred and fifty dollars.

See sec. 407, as to postage on ship letters; sec. 533, as to treatment of such letters in post offices.

Sec. 1405. The term "ship letters and packages"d(§5&.ut*e" embraces the letters and packages brought into the United States from foreign countries, or carried from one

port in the United States to another, in any ship or vessel not regularly employed in carrying the mail, and in the latter case over a route where the mail is not regularly carried, before such letters have been mailed. loosest?1 regiSr ^. Foreign letters brought loose on a vessel which taciudedmers not ^>rmS3 a^so a mau from abroad are not embraced in the category "ship letters." They shall be treated as though included in the mails brought by the carrying vessel. (See sec. 654.)

forTwrUge"TM SeC> 1406- The Postmaster General may pay, to the master or ship letters. owner of any vessel not regularly employed in carrying the mail, ., i 3978. conig for eacjj letter carried by such vessel between ports or places

in the United States, or from any foreign port to any port in the United States; but all such letters shall be deposited in the post office at the port of arrival.

shi'pm"»ettl Sec. 1407. Postmasters at offices where ship and

«?r1edf Iett*TM steamboat letters are delivered shall obtain from the master of the ship or vessel a certificate specifying the number of letters, with the name of the ship or vessel, and place from which she last sailed; and upon each letter which has not been before mailed, and which shall be delivered into his post office for mailing or delivery,

shrpnwsTM?ntandne snau Pay to the said master or owner 2 cents, and

receipt. take nig receipt therefor.

See sec. 533, as to manner of rating postage, and sec. 534, as to record to be kept.

.hiMettonYot Sec- 1408- No fee 9hall. be allowed for ship letters —addressed to addressed to a foreign country, but they should be ^topSSSgeS'or marked "Ship." No fee shall be allowed for ship letters saflora- delivered to a postmaster by a passenger or sailor; nor

o7t°iJ?iers.ves3els'to the master of any vessel or any person on board any

vessel which carries mail; nor to any carrier on any m'npostroute'edmau route; nor to the master of a vessel who delivers

to a postmaster letters which were carried over a post

route; nor for printed matter.

See sees. 407 and 408, as to postage on ship letters and printed ship matter; sec. 533, as to treatment of all ship matter at post offices.

maiittgVe''»m° Sec. 1409. All letters placed on a mail steamboat, on -how disposed of. which the mails are in charge of a postal clerk, should be delivered to such clerk; and on these letters the master of the vessel shall not be paid any compensation. None but letters on which at least one full rate of postage has been paid should be received on such steamboat, and these should be duly mailed.

IV.—Advertisements For Proposals For Mail

Sec. 1410. The United States shall be divided into Hsu*""* four contract sections. A general letting for one of these muted0 stati sections will occur every year, and contracts will be madelnt0' for four consecutive years, commencing on the first day of July. The sections are:

First. Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, District of Columbia, Virginia, and West Virginia.

Second. North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Kentucky, and Porto Rico.

Third. Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan,Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri.

Fourth. Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, Idaho, Washington, Oregon, Nevada, California, Alaska, and Hawaii.

Sec. 1411. Hereafter the Postmaster General shall cause ad vortiae-let^JJ^J»I ■»u merits of all general mail lcttings of each State and Territory to be con—advertiseBpicuously posted in each post office named in said advertisements for mi»io/0May at least sixty days before the time of such general lettings, and no other 30 stat-.366advertisement of such lettings shall be required; but this provision shall not apply to any other than general mail lettings.

Sec. 1412. After providing by general advertisement for the trans- Miscellaneous portation of the mails in any State or Territory as authorized by law, misre,etjuiyS°26: the Postmaster General may secure any mail service that may become ^before ^neral necessary before the next general advertisement for said State or Ter- advertisement, ritory by posting notices, for a period of not less than ten days, in the ment for. * * post offices at the termini of any route to be let, and upon a bulletin board in the Post Office Department, inviting proposals, in such form and with such guaranty as may be prescribed by the Postmaster General, for the performance of the proposed service. The contract ir£f£ja ot C0D" for such service shall be made to run to the end of the contract term under the general advertisement, shall be made with the lowest bidder whose proposal is in due form, and who, under the law, ia eligible as a bidder for such postal service.

See sec. 1449, as to employment of temporary service where bidder or contractor under above section fails; sees. 1448 and 1450, as to other temporary service.

Sec. 1413. The lettings of service upon new mail mHtne7tVnTMV. routes, established pursuant to law in any contract ^ne<,• division of the United States during a contract term,

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and upon routes where the contractor has failed or abandoned his contract, shall be denominated "miscellaneous maU lettings," and shall be made under bulletin advertisement to cover the mail service on such routes until the expiration of the contract term, when the service, if continued, shall be embraced in the general advertisement. %

V.—Proposals Fob Carrying The Mails.

Form of pro- Sec. 1414. Proposals for carrying the mails shall be made on the forms prescribed by the Postmaster General, and bidders for service on star routes shall propose to transport the mails with "celerity, certainty, and security." (See sec. 1424.) -not to bo ai- 2. A proposal altered in any of its essential terms will not be considered in competition with proposals submitted in proper form. Nor shall a proposal, after having been submitted, be modified.

beP»ccompaBied Sec. 1415. Every proposal for carrying the mail shall be accombyis-4ndiune 23- P*n*e^ DV bond of the bidder, with sureties approved by a post18 Sta't., 235. 'master, and in cases where the amount of the bond exceeds five thousand dollars, by a postmaster of the first, second, or third class, in a sum to be designated by the Postmaster General in the advertisement ^Conditions of 0f each route; to which bond a condition shall be annexed, that if the said bidder shall, within such time after his bid is accepted as the Postmaster General shall prescribe, enter into a contract with the United States of America, with good and sufficient sureties, to l>e approved Th all bVper- by the Postmaster General, to perform the service proposed in his said formed. bid, and, further, that he shall perform the said serv ice according to his

contract, then the said obligation to be void, otherwise to be in full —liability forfafl-force obligation in law; and in case of failure of any bidder to enter into such contract to perform the service, or, having executed a contract, in case of failure to perform the service, according to his contract, he and his sureties shall be liable for the amount of said bond as liquidated damages, to be recovered in an action of debt on the said bond. ourTu)mf1notitw ^° proposal shall be considered unless it shall be accompanied by b80°th olwdder 8UCb bond, and there shall have teen affixed to said proposal the oath —what to eon- of the bidder, taken before an officer qualified to administer oaths, that he has the ability, pecuniarily, to fulfill his obligations, and that the bid is made in good faith, and with the intention to enter into contract and perform the service in case his bid is accepted.

—suroty compa- Note.—When a bond is executed by a surety company acceptable nies. on bonds to the United States, the approval of a postmaster is not

required. (See sec. 79.)
bee sec. 17] G, as to penalty for false approval of bond by postmaster.

fcol°Ieto,"bld" Sec* 1416, Before the bond of a bidder (for carrying the mail) d'l870 Au u- * * * '8 aPProve<*> there stall be indorsed thereon the oaths of 19 8tat., 12I.' 'the sureties therein, taken before an officer qualified to administer oaths, that they are owners of real estate worth in the aggregate a —oath to be taken sum double the amount of said bond, over and above all debts due—Qualification of. and owing by them, and all judgments, mortgages, and executions against them, after allowing all exemptions of every character whatever. Accompanying said bond and as a part thereof, there shall be a scries of interrogatories, in print or writing, to be prescribed by the ^mberroga?° Postmaster General, and answered by the sureties under oath, showing by. the amount of real estate owned by them, a brief description thereof, and its probable value, where it is situated, in what county and State the record evidence of their title exists. And if any surety shall knowingly and willfully swear falsely to any statement made under the Penalty for provisions of this section he shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and, onfnlse swearmSconviction thereof, be punished as is provided by law for commission of the crime of perjury. (See act. Mar. 4,1909, sec. 125; 35 Stat., 1111.)

Note.—When a bond is executed by a surety company acceptable Note, on bonds to the United States, the above oath and interrogatories are —surety companot required. (See sec. 79.) n'

Sec. 1417. Before approving bonds of bidders for mail Approval of

srr , sureties by post

service, postmasters shall satisfy themselves of the suffi- m«ster.
ciency of the sureties and that neither is a married woman,
a minor, or a person in any way disqualified to act as
surety; they shall see that the bonds are properly filled
out, and that they are signed by the bidders and sureties,
and also that the prescribed oath has been administered
to the sureties. (See sees. 169 and 1313.)

2. A postmaster shall not divulge to anyone the amount Not to divulge

1 . amounts of pro

of any proposal of which he may have knowledge. vosaia.

3. When a surety company authorized to do business No oath when under act of August 13, 1894, as amended by the act of qu^mesCOmpany March 23, 1910 (see sec. 79), qualifies on the bond of a

bidder, no oath of surety, answers to interrogatories, or certificate of postmaster as to surety is required.

4. The approval of the sureties shall be by a post- Postmasters to

» • set person nil j*.

master, and the certificate shall be signed by him in person. An, assistant, or clerk, or acting postmaster is not authorized to approve the sureties of a bidder, either in his own name or in the name of the postmaster.

See sec. 1716, as to penalty for false approval by postmasters of bond

or certificate.

Sec. 1418. No extra pay shall be allowed a contractor No extra pay

t >i • » ii j • , i .on account of

lor mail service on account of alleged mistakes or mis-mistakes,
apprehension as to the amount of service required, nor
for increased distance caused by obstruction of roads,
destruction of bridges, or discontinuance of ferries
occurring during the contract term; nor shall additional
pay be allowed should it be shown that the actual dis-

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