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years old when brought to this country in 1816, by a cousin, on board a sailing vessel which took fifty days to come from Glasgow to New York. N ext year his parents, with the rest of the children, also came over, and after spending a. year or two near Winchester, Va., migrated to Chillicothe, Oz, in the late fall of 1816. October 3, 1837, James Steel, J1'., was married to Jane, daughter of John Sommerville, who came from Ettrick, Scotland, in 1808, and settled near Bourneville, Ross county; in 1815 married Elizabeth Smith, and raised a large family. He was appreciated by his neighbors for his learning and sound judgment, which induced others to come to him for advice in legal affairs and other complications. He died in 1879, aged nearly ninety-two years. His brother, James Sommerville, a man of cultivated tastes and fine education, was in the tent with General Harrison at the battle of Tippecanoe and was killed early in the engagement. In 1842 James Steel, J r._,_ purchased the farm on North fork of Paint Creek, where he lived for fifty-six years, dying December 21, 1898, when over ninety-one years of age. James Steel was a noble character and one well worthy of imitation by every young man anxious for a successful and happy life. He was devoutly religious, not only as the result of the training received from his excellent parents, but from natural inclination and throughout life was a zealous member of the Presbyterian church. He ineulcated in his children the lessons of honesty, integrity and industry; taught them to abhor injustice and oppression in all their forms and to strive for that form of government which would give the largest measure of liberty and protection to all. He was especially insistent in setting before his children, and all others who came near him, the unspeakable injustice of the slavery system and the evils arising from indulgence in intoxicating liquors. In fact he was a pioneer in the temperance cause and when men thought they could not cut wheat without strong drink, he was willing to pay higher Wages to have his work performed without whiskey. All the Steel family, both of the younger and older generation, are total abstainers and by their temperate habits and upright lives have set yaluable examples before their associates of all that “makes for righteousness.” Of the thirteen children of James and Jane (Sommerville). Steel, ten grew to maturity and nine are still living. James Gladstone Steel, the second son, was born in -Pairton township, Ross county, Ohio, January 29, 1840. His education_ was receiyed in the common schools and the high school at Chillicothe. His first work for himself was in the role of preceptor, and by teaching in Winter and farming through the summer he soon laid a good foundation for future business success. Having been trained from earliest childhood to habits of frugality and industry by_h1s P10115_ swtch parents, he ever strove to utilize each passing m1uute.of time f0!‘ some useful purpose. In this way he pr0g1'8SSB¢l 111 b115111@$5 be§'°I1d

, man was in Ohio with Nath

his highest anticipTat1i1onsS aréd iln §0111'thy€31‘S ci}‘;);'sI;1€(l3fi;Ig7:)1(;g1efr:;h11I? with his brother, 0 ii . tee , or 8 P111‘ _ _ ‘ Being a period of prosperity, they made money rflpldlyl andhlfl @1111; years the subject of our sketch was able to dissolve partner; 11% 3 purchase on his own account an excellent farm from Dan d 031‘?He now owns about six hundred and t_-wenty-five acres of lan all _1S regarded as one of the most progressive and prosperous _farme_rsk1I1 Ross county. Though he hasifialwayi ylotedmthg 5:; Mr. Steel has never sought 0 cc an as s a 00 111 intrigues of practical politics. He is a zealous member of the Pres; byterian church and earnest in his efforts to build up the cause 0 Christ, lending assistance to every movement that makes for temperance, morality and good government. February 15, 1872, n<’;fl1' Bourneville, Ross county, Mr. Steele was married to Margaret A1106 Igou, a lady of most excellent family connections, concerning Wl101I1 a word or two will prove of interest. In the latter part of the eighteenth century there lived in Kentucky 9. young man named Lewis Igou and among his acquaintances was another youth known as Duncan McArthur. One day the latter came to Igou and asked for the loan of his slate. “Certainly,” said Igou, “I will loan YOB my slate, but I am curious to know what you are going to do With 11'»“I intend to study surveying,” replied Mr. McArthnr, “and if I d011,?-' I will be a rail-splitter all my life.” A few years later this young aniel Massie surveying land through tllfi ame very prominent in war and pollélgls,

nd was elected governor of Ohio in 1, Not many years after the conversation growing out of the loan Of the slate, Lewis Igou bong

ht some land of Duncan McArtliur ill Twin township, Ross county. April 3, 1794, he married Elizabeth Hare and four years later removed with his family to his R069

county possessions. Before this arrival he had visited his fflmli split a tree in halves, made two troughs and filled one with Venison and bear meat for winter supplies after the new home was occupiedOne trough was used to cover the other and, after salting the meat, brush was piled around the Whole for the purpose of concealment and protection from prowling Indians. Such was one of the primitive pioneer devices to meet the ditlicult problems presented by life in the wilderness. In 1803, Lewis Igou’s wife died, leaving 111111 five little children to be cared for, and a few years later he married

Nancy Marsh. All of his sons, including William, Daniel, Peifif, Paul and Silas, were well-to-do farmer

_ s, each one owning a good farm, and were highly esteemed as men and citizens. William, ‘me of the chlldren by The second marriage, was born July 1, 1810, and was married to J uha Ann McKenzie, October 23, 1834. They

_ _ 'ving and among the number Is Mrs‘ Margaret Ahce (Igou) Steel. John McKenzie, father of

Scioto valley, eventually bec accumulated great wealth a

Mrs. Steel’s mother, was born October 17, 1786, and was for a long time a resident of Twin township, where he was noted for his truly Christian character. He was a member of the Methodist Episcopal church and exercised a strong influence for the promotion of morality and Christianity in his neighborhood. He married Elizabeth Hare, by whom he had ten children, nine of whom lived to advanced‘ age and became highly respected members of the church. He was eighty years old and his wife eighty-seven at the time of their rcspec— tive deaths. Mr. and Mrs. James G. Steel have had a family of ten children, of whom Julia Igou died at the age of fourteen months, those living being named as follows: Arthur Lewis, Wifliam James, Jennie Bell, Gladstone Marsh, Edward Newton, Nellie Floss, Ethel Marie, Samuel Albert, and Margaret Alice.

John Summerville Steel, well known farmer of Scioto township

and formerly enjoying high rank among the state’s breeders of Shorthorn. cattle, is a member of one of the most noted and highly esteemed families of Ross county. As a full sketch of the genealogy appears elsewhere in this volume, it will only be necessary here to briefly summarize the main features. James Steel, of Scotland, married Jane Gladstone, a near relative of the celebrated English statesman of that name. They reared a family of seven sons, all of whom lived to be more than eighty years old and the youngest, George, is still a resident of Pickalway county. The parents emigrated to America with their children and after spending two years in the vicinity of Winchester, Va., reached Chillicothe, Ohio, in the late fall of 1819. With the exception of William, who was a 1ner~ chant, Father Steel and all his boys were tillers of the soil and depended exclusively on the fruits of agriculture for a livelihood. But there were other notable things about these sturdy children of the north. They loved liberty so intensely that when they found on arrival here that slavery was authorized by law they became _Abolitionists and were among the pioneers in the anti—slavery agitation which so long convulsed the country. James Steel» the second °f the sons in age, was born at Bigger, in I.anai'kshire,_Scotland, July 20, 1807, and was brought to America by_ a couslfl 0119 }’e‘11_'m advance of his parents. In 1837 he married Jane Summerville, Whose father had come from Scotland in 1808 and settled in Boss county near Bourneville. After his marriage, James Steel llved

several years in Paxton township‘ and then purchased lfllld in sciota

township where he spent the remainder of a. long and blameless life. the world terminated

His wife died in 1873 and his own career in_ Th_

December 21, 1898, after he had passed hisninety-first year. _ 1; esteemed couple became the parents of 'i’.ll1I‘i86I1 children, nine 01 whom are still living, and among them is John Summerville Stee ,

‘Who was born in Paxton township, Ross county, in 1838. After his

I father’s removal to the vicinity of Chillicothe he had the benefit Of

the schools in that city and in early manhood embarked in farmmg, which has been his lifelong pursuit. For many years he made 8 specialty of breeding Shorthorn cattle and acl_i1eved_notab1e illflcfiflfl as a handler of that famous strain of the “bovine aristocracy. 8 carried off many a prize on his beautiful stock at the various state and county exhibitions and ranked in the very top notch of 01110 breeders of Shorthorns. In May, 1864-, Mr. Steel enlisted In @0111‘ pany I, One Hundred and F orty-ninth regiment ,Ohio_Natioi1al Guard, with which he served for the “hundred days, during Whlflh time they participated in the bloody battle of Monocacy on July 5?; 1864, where the regiment greatly distinguished itself. While a resi— dent of Twin township, he was elected a member of the board of trustees and served one term. Mr. Steel married Mary M., daugl1< ter of James R. Anderson, a leading farmer and stock-breeder of Union township. The children of this union, seven in number, are Jeanette, VVilliam A., Frank Gladstone, Mary J ., Helen Louisfh James Walter and Elizabeth Morris. Mr. Steel, like all of 1115 brothers and uncles, is a total abstainer, abhorring “John Barleycorn” second only to slavery, and is an uncompromising enemy of all forms of injustice and immorality. Like his ancestors for gen‘ erations he is a member of the Presbyterian church and finds the

best exoression of his moral and political views in the platform Of the Prohibition party, of which he is a sincere adlierent-.

Samuel S. Steel, one of

Scioto township, is a member of a familv long and iiifluentially 0011' was seventy-two years old. James Steel, the second of these sturdy sons, was born at Biggar, in Lanarkshire, Scotland, July 20, 1807; was nine years old when he reached America, twelve when he got to Boss county and thirty when he married Jane Sommerville, then living near Bourneville. She was the daughter of another Scotch immigrant who had come to Ohio in 1808, settled in Buckskin township and lived there seventy-one years, being nearly ninety-two when he died. His daughter, who married James Steel, is highly spoken of by those who remember her as a loving wife and mother and a woman of strong and original character. A full tribute to the character of James Steel has been rendered in the sketch of his

nected with the agricultural dcvelopmeiit of Ross county. N0 bet’ ter blood or staunclier citize

nship ever came to America than. that contained in the sailing ship which in 1817 brought to these Sh0195 James Steel, his wife Jane (Gladstone) Steel and their contingent of lusty sons. They were from Lanarkshire, Scotland, and Choice representative of the very best that “Old Scotia” could contribute to the new republic across the seas. Tliev were Scotch Presbyteriana of the strictest faith, trained to a love of liberty and hatred of oppression, inured to habits of industry, C(‘.OI‘lOl1lV and self-reliance, but above all taught to “fear the Lord and keep. his commandments-”

All countries in need of iininigrants have ever hcon eager to welC0!I19 t of their thrift, their sobrietv, their inoralit-y

and other qualities which made good citizens. It was the good nty to secure the Steels, who came here after 9.

year or two spent in the lower valley of Virginia. O11 their‘ arrival at Chllllcotllc in November, 1819, the faniilv consisted of the P91“ ents and their sons, John, J aines, William, Thomas, David, Alexander and George. These brothers lived to the averfltre age of ‘*1ght§"°T1° years, the death of the shortest-lived 0c<,-uri-ingjwhen he

son, James G. Steel, and it is not necessary to repeat the particulars. It is sufficient to say that his children have been among the most moral, upright and enterprising of Ross county’s citizens, contribute ing their full share towards the enrichment and development of their respective cominunities. They all inherited their father’s

‘hatred of slavery, intemperance, and immorality of all kinds, hence

they. could always be found working and voting on the side which they thought led to righteousness. Of the thirteen children of James and Jane Steel, William died in the Union army at Cumberland Gap, and nine of the ten who reached maturity are still living‘; Among the number is Samuel S. Steel, who was born in Ross county August 27, 1859, on the farm in Scioto township where he now resides. He was educated in the district schools and the high school at Chillicothe and, like the entire family, is a man well informed on current events and all matters appertaining to hisbusiness. For some years after reaching maturity he remained at home assisting in the farm work, and on June 21, 1893, was married to Mayme Camp, a native of Illinois, with whom he located on the place which he has since cultivated. His operations are conducted on an extensive scale and he is in every way an up-to-date farmer. Mr. Steel is a member of the Presbyterian church, interested in all religious and temperance work and as :1 school director also looks after the interests of education. Mr. and Mrs. Steel have three children:

Dorothy, Russell and Harold.


\Villiam L. Stinson, of Ross county, is widely known throughout Ohio as an extensive shipper and exporter of high-grade cattle. In fact, he stands at the head of the list in this branch of the live stock industry. He may be said to have inherited both his business and his taste for it, as his father before him achieved success and prominence as a breeder and feeder of stock. In his early youtli, therefore, William L. Stinson was familiarized with this occupation and received valuable training in all that related thereto. He greatly improved upon and enlarged the business until he eventually became recognized as the most extensive shipper and exporter of stock in

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