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whom five are still living. Duncan, the oldest, lived at home and worked for his father till about 25 years of age, when he began life for himself; for three years he worked by the month at $10 per month; at the death of his father, he went home and conducted the farm for his mother for three years. In the meantime, in December of 1844, he married Susan Ray; she was born in Clark Co., Ohio, Jan. 6, 1820. To this union nine children have been given—Ann J., Sarah E., Mary, John, William, Finley, Arabell, Joseph and Emma. Mr. Thackrey is an honest, straightforward, hard-working man, and owns 360 acres of land in this county, and 411J acres in Clark County. His home farm consists of 280 acres, which is well improved and in a high state of cultivation—all the fruits of his industry. Mrs. Thackrey and four of the children are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church.

WILLIAM WEST, farmer; P. O. St. Paris. To the gentleman whose name heads this sketch we are pleased to yield a space in this work; he is a son of Stocket, and a grandson of Basil West. Basil was a slaveholder, and lived successively in South Carolina, Georgia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and, finally, Ohio. They located in Mad River Township, Champaign Co., about 1808, but soon entered land in Jackson Township, and settled on it. Stocket was born in South Carolina about 1790; he was raised a farmer, but was a good blacksmith and carpenter, and could spin and weave. In April, 1816, he married Elizabeth Merritt. She was born in Virginia July 13, 1792, a daughter of John and Margaret Merritt, who came to Ohio about 1818, and settled in Jackson Township. Stocket and Elizabeth West were the parents of nine children—John, William, David, Sarah, James, Henry, Jerry, Mary and Jane. William, Henry, Jerry and Jane are the only survivors; the others died of lung disease. Stocket was identified with the principal offices of the township—Trustee, Treasurer, etc.—for a number of years; he owned 210 acres of land, which he and his family cleared up and improved, except about 10 acres. His death occurred in July, 1852; his wife survived till October, 1876. Both had been members of the Honey Creek Baptist Church for a number of years. William, the subject of this sketch, was born in Jackson Township, July 13, 1818; he formerly dealt in stock considerably, and made a start in the world by dealing in horses. He now devotes his time to farming almost entirely. He owns 160 acres of land in a high state of cultivation, with excellent buildings and other improvements. On the 3d of February, 1848, he married Hester C. Grafton, a native of this township, born Nov. 18, 1822. Three children have been born to them—John, born Jan. 18, 1849, and died at the age of four years; George W., born Jan. 16, 1855; and Henry C., born July 17, 1857. Mrs. West is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. On the 17th of October, 1878, George W. was united in marriage with Ellen A. Breslin; she was born in St. Paris, March 21, 1856

WILLIAM WHEATON, farmer and grain dealer; Allen's P. O., Miami County; was born in Warren Co., Ohio, March 10, 1830. The early part of his life was spent at various kinds of work; his father being very poor, he learned at an early age to rely upon his own efforts to gain a livelihood; the first contract he ever took was to cut twelve cords of wood at 20 cents per cord; when the work was completed, he received payment for eleven and a half cords, on the plea that it was not properly put up; he has made rails at 18 cents per hundred. Thus he toiled on; after awhile he began to farm, and saved some little money, which he came near losing. To save himself, he took a warehouse at Lena, Miami Co. He was then without a cent of money to do business on. He engaged to buy grain on commission for Achholtz, Payne & McGrew, of Urbana, which he did very successfully. This was in 1870, when he was also made freight agent, receiving a free pass from Piqua to Columbus as compensation. After one year, he sold a half-interest in the building, and formed a partnership with I. M. Woloot; they continued to buy for the firm in Urbana for two years, when they concluded to do business for themselves. Although Mr. Wheaton had never attended school but eight days in his life, the principal part of the business devolved upon him, as his partner was a young man, and was otherwise engaged. Since the spring of 1880, Mr. Wheaton is alone in business, and is dealing in New York, Philadelphia and Baltimore. He owns several farms, and is a live business man. His marriage with Jane Williams was celebrated Sept. 14, 1852. To this union seven children were given—John M. (deceased), Thomas B., Mary Rowena, Elroy, Sarah J., Jacob F. and Charles L. (deceased). Mrs. Jane Wheaton is a daughter of Jacob and Patience Williams. She was born in Montgomery County, March 27, 1827.

CASPER M. ZERKEL, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in Shenandoah Co., Va., May 27, 1838; he is a son of Michael and Susannah (Pence) Zerkel, both natives of the above-named State and county. C. M. was left motherless at the age of 6 months, and his only brother died in youth. His father afterward married for his second wife, Elizabeth Pence. Casper M. was raised by his grandfather, Lewis Zerkel with whom he lived till nearly 21 years of age, when he came to his present residence, and lived with his father, who died in 1870. He, being the only child, now owns the farm of 214 acres, except the widow's dower. In 1863, June 25, he was united in marriage with Mary Angeline Kesler. She was born in Clark County, July 20, 1845. To this union three children have been given—Sarah C., born Aug. 18, 1866; Lewis I., born March 13, 1869; and John F., born Jan. 12, 1879. Mr. and Mrs. Zerkel are members of the German Reformed Church.

JOHNSON TOWNSHIP.

J. M. ABBOTT, retired blacksmith, Millerstown. The grandfather, William Abbott, was one of the early pioneers of Johnson Township, and the father was also one of the pioneers, but died when our subject was 6 years of age; he was born in Johnson Township July 30, 1847. After his father's death he was brought up to farm labor among strangers until 15 years old, when he enlisted in the United States Army, in Co. E, 113 O. V. I., in which he served until Sept. 23, 1863, when he received four gunshot wounds at the battle of Chickamauga, at which he was also taken prisoner, but paroled on the field nine days after the battle. He was then transferred to the Veteran Reserve Corps, in which he served until the close of the war, and was mustered out and discharged at Harrisburg, Penn., July 21, 1865. After his return, he engaged as farm laborer until 1866, when he commenced blacksmithing with Jeremiah Bair, of St. Paris. Two years later, February, 5, married Angeline Evernham, and by this union three daughters have been born—Lizzie, Anna and Emma A. Mrs. Abbott was born in Johnson Township May 19, 1848, and is a daughter of Henry and Elizabeth Evernham. After J. M. completed his trade, he at once set up shop in Lena, Miami Co., where he successfully conducted his business until 1870, when he changed to his present location; there had a favorable patronage, but, in the spring of 1880, was appointed, in company with J. W. Weller, as Prospector for the "Nettle Creek Mining Company," which was shortly before organized. They spent the summer in Gunnison Co., Colo., searching into the prospects for the company. Here they remained until Oct. 19, 1880, and, while West, witnessed grand and magnificent mountain scenery. Operated on a mountain that was 13,882 feet above sea level, with flattering promise of financial success for the company.

JACOB AMMON, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in 1821 in Rockingham Co., Va., and is a son of Peter (born in 1785) and Elizabeth Ammon, born in the same year, both of German parentage and natives of the same county as Jacob. They grew to maturity and married. During the war of 1812, Peter acted as substitute for another man. About 1827, he, with his wife and nine children, emigrated West, locating in Mad River Township, Champaign Co., where the tenth child was born to then. Peter purchased eighty acres of land, which he cultivated until his death, in 1851. His wife survived until 1857. Our subject has been a resident of Champaign Co. since 6 years of age. During his boyhood days, but few school privileges were enjoyed, hence education was limited with Jacob, who, during his early life, learned the blacksmith trade, and first set up shop in St. Paris. One year later he located in Millerstown, where he had learned his trade. There he conducted his business a period of twenty years, with a satisfactory patronage. At this time, ill health caused him to seek other labor, and he engaged in the general merchandise trade in the same village. In 1866, he sold this and purchased his present farm of eighty acres in Sec. 26, Johnson Township, where he has since been located, cultivating it with success. In 1847, he married Eliza Strickler, a native of Champaign Co., born in 1826. Their children, six in number, are all living.

REV. W. M. ANDREWS, Pastor of Reformed Church, St. Paris; a son of Mr. and Mrs. Ephraim Andrews, was born in Medina Co., Ohio, March 4, 1848, and raised to farm life until 19 years of age, during which time he received a limited education. At the above age, he entered the Heidelberg College, located at Tiffin, Ohio, from which he graduated in the classical course in June, 1873. On the 21st of the same month he married Miss Mary V. Craig, an accomplished lady of Tiffin, Ohio. After which, he took a two years' course of theology, and was ordained in the ministerial work in 1876. His charges have been New Philadelphia, Ohio; Reedsburg, Ohio, and his present one, St. Paris. Rev. Andrews is a man of good ability; height, six feet two inches; weight, 225 pounds, and possesses perfect health. They have two children, a son born in 1874, and a daughter in 1879.

WILLIAM APPLE, farmer; P. O., St. Paris; was born in Champaign Co.; in 1830, and is a son of Solomon and Catharine (Snapp) Apple; he was born in Union Co., Penn., and came to Ohio in an early day with his parents. Catharine was born in Montgomery Co., Ohio, where she grew to maturity and married. Soon after their marriage they settled in Jackson Township, Champaign Co.; locating in the dense forest; passing through the pioneer days in opening out a fine farm of 240 acres, where they both died. The issue of this union were eight children, of whom six are now living, our subject being the eldest. He was raised to farm life, and remained at home until 30 years of age, at which time he married Mary A. Lyons; rented his present farm, which he afterward purchased from his father, and has added to the original until he now owns 247 acres in Johnson Township. He is an enterprising farmer; has his farm in a high state of cultivation and finely improved. Mr. Apple has served as Township Trustee and member of the local School Board a number of terms. Mr. and Mrs. Apple are the parents of five children, of whom three are now living.

JOHN BAKER, physician, St. Paris; born in 1812, in Germany; is a son of Casper and Barbara Baker, who were both of German birth. They and family emigrated to the United States in 1834, locating in Somerset Co., Penn., where they lived and died at an old age. Their children were six in number, of whom John is the only surviving one to put upon record the untold history of the Baker family. He was raised to European life, where he received his literary education and primary knowledge of medicine, and was engaged in a pharmacy store, from which he was pressed into military service one year. In the meantime, was in the city of Darmstadt, where Gen. Garfield's ancestors originally lived. At the expiration of his military duty, he immediately emigrated to America. In 1839, he arrived in Ohio and studied medicine, chiefly at Wooster, where he prepared himself for his profession. In 1841, he began practicing in St. Paris, where he has since been favorably known. He is now nicely located and almost retired from the profession. His marriage with Elizabeth Pence, was celebrated in 1842. The issue of this union is two children, Frank and Mary C. Mrs. Baker was born 1822, in Champaign Co., Ohio.

MICHAEL BARNS, retired farmer; P. O. Millerstown: is a son of Henry Barns, who was born in Virginia July 11, 1785, and was of German parentage. He was raised to farm life, and, Nov. 6, 1806, he married Charlotte Cramer, of Virginia.

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Their union lasted about one score years, when death seized Charlotte, and she was consigned to the silent tomb, leaving eight children. Mr. Barns afterward married Susan Kizer, also a native of Virginia. In after years they emigrated to Illinois, locating in Calhoun Co., where he died about 1852. Our subject was born in Virginia, April 15, 1815, where he grew to maturity on his father's farm, and obtained a common education in the subscription schools. April 2, 1844, he married Catherine Strayer, a native of Virginia, and, Oct. 8,1845, death severed their union. One child, John H., was born to them. Michael married for his second wife Margaret Kreglow, also of Virginia, born in 1828. After this marriage Mr. Barns again engaged in his previous trade, coopering, which he continued until 1849, when he emigrated to Ohio, locating at Urban*. Soon after, he purchased his present farm of 120 acres in Sec. 10, Johnson Township, where he has since resided and cultivated his land. Mr. Barns is finely located and well situated, and now entrusts the place to his four sons, who are industrious and bid fair to be useful men. They have three daughters—Mary E., wife of John H. Offenbacher; Margaret ('., now Mrs. Joseph Cisco, and one who remains at home.

ELISHA BERREY, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; is a son of Elijah and Mary ('Jones) Berrey, who were both natives of Virginia; they came to Champaign Co. in an early day, with their parents, and were among the first settlers. About 1825, their marriage was celebrated in Mad River Township ; they were the parents of five children, of whom three are now living; Elijah's death occurred in 1835, and the widow now survives. Our subject was born in Champaign Co. Sept. 24, 1830, and raised to farm life; his education was procured in the log-hut schools of his native county. In 1849, he commenced life for himself by engaging as farm laborer. Seven years later, he married Barbara M., daughter of Absalom and Sarah Pence, after which he lived on a rented farm; one year later, he emigrated to Missouri; not liking the country, he returned, in 1858, and rented what is now his farm, in Sec. 26, Johnson Township; there he has since resided and cultivated his farm on a systematized plan. Mr. Berrey has been favorably known as a township officer and School Director, which place he filled for eighteen successive years, but refused to accept in the spring of 1880. Mr. Berrey, though not possessing a first-class education, is interested in the educational welfare of the vioinity. In May, 1872, Mrs. Mary Berrey was called hence, leaving her husband and five children to mourn her loss; one had passed away previous to her. Mr. Berrey afterward married Sarah Poorman, a native of Ohio; by this union they have had three children; two are dead.

P. BERRY, saw-miller, contractor and builder, Millerstown. Among the business industries of Millerstown, we mention that of Peter Berry, which was established in 1867, since which he has been favorably known as contractor, builder, and manufacturer of all kinds of sawed lumber; in connection with this, he carries on, or superintends, farming to a large extent, which is done on asystemizedplan. Mr. Berry was born in Johnson Township. Champaign Co., in 1835, and is a son of Elijah and Mary (Jones) Berry. Peter was raised to agricultural pursuits, and received a common-school education; he remained at home until 1856, when he went to Missouri, engaging in the stone-mason's trade; but, two years later, he returned to his native county, locating in Millerstown, after which he was variously engaged until the opening of his present business. Mr. Berry is a thorough-going business man of Millerstown. His marriage was celebrated, in 1859, with Elizabeth Jenkins, a native of Muskingum Co., Ohio, born in 1838; she is a worthy companion and mother of eight children—William D., Mary M., George M., Maggie M., Cora A., Joseph P., John (deceased) and Martha S.

ADAM BODEY, retired; P. 0. St. Paris; is a son of Fredrick Bodey, born Jan, 18,1756, in Germany, where he grew to maturity; and, during the war of Independence, he emigrated to America, engaging as a patriot in that struggle, participating to its close, after which he settled in Virginia and married Barbara Libin. She was born in Rockingham Co., Va., June 28,1784. They remained in her native State until their death. Fredrick died in 1818, and Barbara one year later. They were the parents of fonr children, of whom two now survive. Our subject was born in Virginia in 1808, and raised there to the age of 1 3, at which time he came to Ohio and endured many pioneer difficulties in Champaign Co. At the date of his first settlement in this county, Indians were numerous, and wild animals roamed the deep, unbroken forest. The educational privileges were very much limited, hence Adam received but little schooling. In 1830, he married Mary Brubaker. She was born in Virginia Sept. 15,1814, and died Nov. 20, 1875. She was the mother of eight children, of whom six are now living. All save Mary are now married, she yet remains at home and dutifully cares for her aged father. Mr. Bodey has during life accumulated considerable land through his own exertions.

LEWIS BODEY, farmer: P. O. Millerstown; is a grandson of Fredrick Bodey, and a son of Lewis Bodey, who was born in Virginia where he grew to majority and married. His'wife died, and he married for his second wife Margaret Frisinger, also of Virginia. They emigrated West about 1816, locating in Champaign Co., and were among the first white settlers, enduring many things that only those who passed through can describe. He entered 160 acres of land, which he greatly improved. He died in September, 1839, but his wife now survives at nearly fourscore years of age. Their children were eight in number, of whom four are now living, our subject being the seventh. He was born in Johnson Township in 1830, and raised to farm life. His education was obtained in the subscription schools. When but a boy he commenced life for himself by engaging as farm laborer, and, in 1857, he married Martha A. Bradley, a native of Virginia, but raised in Champaign Co. They have resided on their present farm of 86 acres Sec. 3, Johnson Township, since marriage, except four years. Mr. Bodey is a man of public spirit and feeling. Mr. and Mrs. Bodey are the parents of eleven children, of whom three are now deceased.

H. C. BODEY, farmer; P. O. St. Paris; was born in Putnam Co., Ohio, in 1840, and is a son of Adam Bodey. Our subject was raised to farm life in Johnson Township, Champaign Co., Ohio, and received a common-school education; he remained at home until 25 years of age, when he married Sarah E. Vincent, born in Dayton, Ohio, in 1845, after which he engaged in farming for himself, and is now successfully cultivating the old home farm in Sec. 9, Johnson Township. In 1875, he purchased a part of the property, and his prospects appear favorable for the future. Mr. and Mrs. Bodey are the parents of five children, viz., Henrietta, Charlotte A., Carlton V., Emmet A. and Annie V.

HARRISON BODEY, retired farmer; P. O. Millerstown; is a grandson of Frederick Bodey, who came with his father from their native country, Germany, during the war of Independence, in which they participated. The eldest Mr. Bodey, being seriously wounded in the head, returned to his native country, Frederick continuing through the war to its close, after which he settled in the Shenandoah Valley, in Virginia, where he lived and died, at about threescore years of age. During life he was twice married, the second wife surviving at his death, but she has long since passed away. Christian Bodey, the father of our subject, was born in Virginia in 1796, where he,passed through many difficulties in the pioneer days of his native State, and endured many hardships as a patriot in the war of 1812, after which he married Elizabeth Frisinger, of Virginia, born in 1800. In 1816, they emigrated West, enteringwhat is now the old farm, in Sec. 3, Johnson Township, Champaign Co.. Ohio. After a stay of three years in the deep, unsettled wilds, the severe illness of Frederick, his father, called them to their native State, where he died. While Christian and his family were in Virginia, our subject was born, Oct. 18, 1819. Christian and family remained, to settle up the estate, and, in 182l, again came West, taking up their abode on the previously entered farm. This they took from its wilds to a good degree of improvement and cultivation. Their first neighbors were Indians, who were at times troublesome; many wild animals at that time roamed the woods, but these have long since disappeared: He lived through the rise and progress of Champaign Co., until his death in 1868; one year

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