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THEOLOGICAL LIBRARY
CAMBRIDGE, MASS,

H65.934

maneh 26.1942

AUTHORIZATION.

Messrs. Funk Su Wagnall have entered into an arrangement with me to reprint THE TREASURY OF David in the United States. I have every confidence in them that they will issue it correctly and worthily. It has been the great literary work of my life, and I trust it will be as kindly received in America as in England. I wish for Messrs. Funk success in a venture which must involve a great risk, and much outlay.Dec. 8, 1881.

C. H. SPURGEON.

PREFACE.

This volume completes one half of my labour upon this priceless book, and my humble prayer is that I may be spared to conclude the other portion. So uncertain is human life, and so often have men's best designs remained unfinished, that I will press on with all diligence, lest, perhaps, the lamp of life should go out ere the writer has seen by its light the word FINIS at the conclusion of the last verse.

This volume has cost more labour than any other, because upon the larger proportion of the Psalms contained in it no great writers have expatiated at length. Some six or seven of them are specially notable, and have, therefore, been expounded and preached upon on all hands, but the rest remain almost untrodden ground in sacred literature, hence the gathering of extracts has required a wider range of reading and far more laborious research. Where one author writes upon a portion of Scripture, all write, while other passages remain almost untouched. This has driven me very much more to the Latin authors, and in them to a vein of exposition very little worked in these days. The neglect of these voluminous expositors is, however, not very censurable, for as a rule the authors are rather heavy than weighty. “Art is long and life is short,” hence I found myself unequal to the unaided accomplishment of my task, and I have had to call in the aid of my excellent friend Mr. Gracey, the accomplished classical tutor of “ the Pastors' College,” to assist me in the work of winnowing the enormous heaps of Latin comments. Huge folios, full of dreary wordspinning, yield here and there a few goodly grains, and these, I trust, will be valuable enough to my readers to repay my coadjutor and myself for our pains. For the selection of extracts I alone am responsible, for the accuracy of the translations we are jointly accountable. The reader will note that not without much expense of money, as well as toil, he has here furnished to his hand the pith of Venema, Le Blanc, Lorinus, Gerhohus, Musculus, Martin Geier, Mollerus, and Simon de Muis; with occasional notes from Vitringa, Jansenius, Savonarola, Vatablus, Turrecremata, Marloratus, Palanterius, Theodoret, and others, as they were judged worthy of insertion. I can truly say that I have never flinched from a difficulty, or spared exertion in order to make the work as coinplete as it lay in my power to render it, either by my own endeavours or the help of others. My faithful amanuensis, Mr. Keys, has been spared to me, and has been a continual visitor at the British Museum, Lambeth Palace, Dr. Williams' Museum, and Sion College ; and many have been the courtesies which, despite differences of creed, I have received in his person from those who are in authority in those treasures of literature ; for all which I would now record my hearty thanks.

No object has been before me but that of serving the church and glorifying God by doing this work right thoroughly. I cannot hope to be remunerated pecuniarily ; if only the bare outlay be met I shall be well content, the rest is an offering to the best of Masters, whose word is meat and drink to those who study it. The enjoyment of the work is more than sufficient reward, and the hope of helping my brethren in their biblical studies is very sweet to me.

The late increase of wages to printers, and the rise both in paper and binding, may compel an advance in the very low price charged for these volumes hitherto, but this shall not be made unless it becomes absolutely necessary to screen me from loss. As a larger sale will secure a return of my outlay, the matter is mainly in the hands of the public. Volume I. being now in the third edition, and the second edition of Volume II. being upon the press, I am led to hope that the present volume will also meet with a large and rapid sale ; and if so, the old price may suffice to cover the outlay.

My venerable friend, Mr. George Rogers, has furnished me with many hints for the notes to village preachers, and it is hoped that this portion of the work has been so improved that it will not be the least useful part of it. Testimonies received lead to the belief that in the two former volumes numerous students have found help in that department.

There is no need to multiply words in this preface, but it is incumbent upon me to bless the Lord for help given, help daily and hourly sought while I have been occupied in this service; and it is also on my heart to ask a favourable mention of my volumes among their friends from those who kindly appreciate them,

(it. Shungary

Clapham, March, 1872.

INDEX

OF AUTHORS QUOTED OR REFERRED TO.

Abenezra, 29, 84, 357

| Bernard (1091–1157), 40
Abu Walid, 376

Berridge, John (1716-1793), 125
Adam, John (1867), 469

Bertram, R. A. (1867), 73, 87
Adams, Thomas (1614), 67, 74, 193, 194, Beveridge, William (1636–1708), 8, 47

196, 203, 284, 285, 286, 311, 353, 357, 397, Bewick, John (1644), 172
424
Ainsworth, Henry (–1692), 23, 24, 31, 66,

“ Biblical Treasury," 474
179, 252, 275, 348, 353, 376, 409, 424

Bickersteth, Edward (1781-1850), 211-12
Alexander, Joseph Addison (1850), 5, 6, 23,

Binnie, William (1870), 59, 208, 230, 302, 323,
66, 68, 73, 96, 168, 170, 175, 207, 219, 222 334
271, 282, 283, 309, 316, 331, 345, 359, 364, Blackerby, Samuel (1673), 33, 361
468, 470

Bochart, Samuel (1599-1667), 56, 473
Alexander, William Henry (1867), 339

| Bogan, Zachary (1625—1659), 30, 356
Alexander, William Lindsay (1862), 240 Bonar, Andrew A. (1859), 4, 55, 73, 83, 86,
Alleine, Joseph (1633–1668), 375

143, 168, 197, 235, 302, 406
Ambrose, Isaac (1592-1674), 245

Boothroyd, Benjamin (-1836), 7, 83, 88, 98,
Amyraut, Moses (1596-1664), 120

168, 210, 236, 250, 253, 274, 4:23
Anderson, James (1846), 56, 179, 275

Boston, Thomas (1676—1732), 169
Andrewes, Launcelot (1555--1626), 429

Bouchier, Barton (1855), 41, 110, 177, 375,

394, 396
Angier, John (1647), 57
Annesley, Samuel (1620-1696), 285

Bower, Hubert (1871), 234

Boys, John (1560—1643), 52, 54, 55, 61, 209,
Aquila, 352, 474

210, 213, 231, 257
Aquinas, Thomas (1221_1274), 286

Bradford, John (1510—1555), 355
Arama, Meir-Ben-Isaac (16—), 66

Bradley, Charles (1838), 359
Aristophanes, 101

Bradwardine, Thomas (1349), 356
Arndt, 82, 87, 127

Bridge, William (1600–1670), 236, 237
Arrowsmith, John (1600—1660), 43

Brinsley, John (1600—1665), 98, 100, 101,
Ash, Simeon (1642), 348, 365

102
Athanasius, 54, 120

Brooks, Thomas (1608-1680), 108, 138, 142,
Atheneus, 168

143, 278, 380, 418, 465
Augustine (353—429), 26, 112, 142, 149, 236, Brown, John (1853), 306
286, 291, 364, 397, 465, 475

Bruce, James (1730-1794), 394
Ayguan, Michael (1416), 29

Bruce, J. S. (1871), 151

Bruce, Robert (1559—1631), 403, 404, 406
Bacon, Francis (1560-1626), 6, 43, 482

Bryant, Jacob (1715–1804), 472, 484
Barclay, John (1734–1798), 302

Buddicom, Robert Pedder (-1846), 483
Barlow, John (1618), 292

Bunyan, John (1028--1688), 33, 41, 181, 246,
Barnes, Albert (1798-1870), 24, 31, 42, 59, 272
97, 168, 208, 307, 327, 417, 458, 478

Burder, Samuel (1839), 68, 179, 241, 280,
Barth, T. C. (1865), 96, 238

354
Bateman, Gregory (1862), 394

Burges, Cornelius (1641), 409
Baylie, Robert (1643), 420

| Burgess, George (1839), 184 (Poetry)
Beard, J. R. (1866), 329

Burroughs, Jeremiah (1599—1646), 43, 55,
Beddome, Benjamin (1717-1795), 147

156, 190, 278, 281, 310, 409
Beecher, Henry Ward (1870), 55

Bush, George (1796–), 473
Bellarmine, Robert (1542—1621), 171, 191,
197, 198, 279

Calamy, Edmund (1600—1666), 45
Berleb. Bible, 138, 273, 393

| Campbell, John (1766—1840), 70

1832), 68

323,

Calvin, John (1509–1564), 12, 14, 41, 53, 82, | Cruso, Timothy (1657–1697), 142, 274, 422

83, 84, 85, 88, 97, 99, 100, 101, 111, 122,
123, 180, 190, 234, 235, 240, 246, 305, 323,

Cuvier, George Leopold C. F. D. (1769—.
325, 349, 350, 352, 354, 355, 360, 425, 463,
465

“ Cyclopædia of Biblical Literature" (1866),
Capel, Richard (1586—1656), 67

240, 329, 378. (See also Kitto.)
Carmichael, Alexander (1677), 122, 167, 463

Cyril (315—386), 235
Carpenter, William (1828), 130

Damiano, Peter (988—1072), 145
Carson, Alexander (1776—1844), 172, 396 Darby, J. N. (1870), 465, 471
Carter, Charles (1869), 330

Davidson, Samuel (1852), 14
Carter, William (1648), 171

Davies, Benjamin (1872), 483, 494
Caryl, Joseph (1602—1673), 31, 34, 43, 53, Davies, Charles A. (1872). 482, 483, 484
68, 67, 71, 72, 74, 99, 101, 126, 127, 129,
157, 173, 192, 196, 199, 249, 279, 308,

Davies, Sir John (1569—1626), 28
325, 352, 355, 360, 363, 379, 385, 387, 393,

De Burgh, William (1860), 242, 323, 329
395, 396, 397, 405, 428, 452, 464, 456, 470,

De Dieu, Louis (1590-1612), 240
476

Delitzsch, Franz (1869), 59, 104, 166, 208, 222,
Case, Thomas (1598-1680), 255

227-9, 358, 403, 467
Cassiodorus, Magnus Aurelius (470--560),

Dickson, David (1583–1662), 12, 13, 23, 24,
271

25, 31, 40, 42, 43, 45, 59, 83, 85, 87, 102, 170,
Castellio, Sebastian (1515—1563), 352

180, 192, 235, 280, 281, 284, 287, 330, 334,

384, 417, 425, 428, 453, 461, 478
Cawood, John (1830), 314

Diodati, John (1576—1619), 87, 241, 355, 42),
Cayley, C. B. (1860), 358, 423

4:26, 478, 479
Chalmers, Thomas (1780—1847), 459
Chandler Samuel (1693-1766), 13, 14, 35, 47,

Diodorus, 381
55, 61, 82, 89, 140, 148, 151, 231, 257, 3:24,

Dionysius (1471), 292
336

Dixon, Richard (1811), 257
Charnock, Stephen (1628–1680), 41, 45, 46,

Dolben, J. (1665), 12
47, 191, 466, 468

Donne, John (1573-1631), 32, 120, 123,
Chateaubriand, François Auguste, Vicomte 126, 138, 146, 157, 158, 172, 189, 190, 249,
de (1769–1848), 69

353
Chevalier, E. (1869). (See Lenormant.) Dove, Henry (1690), 159
“Circling Year, The” (1871), 381

Driesche, John Van den (1550—1616), 455
“ Christian Treasury, The ” (1849), 428 Dryden, John (1631–1700)), 349
Chrysostom (347–407), 24, 111, 138

Duncan, Mary B. M. (1825—1865), 108
Clarke, Adam (1760-1832), 7, 26, 28, 30, 45, Duns, John (1868), 68

70, 84, 102, 130, 173, 179, 190, 197, 246, 285, Dyke, Jeremiah (-1620), 45, 54, 109
312, 313, 331, 359, 394, 421, 423, 453, 455,
477

Edwards, Jonathan (1703—1758), 331, 348,
Clarke, J. B., 28

365, 366, 381
Clarke, R. (1770), 257

Elton, Edward (1620), 350
Clarkson, David (1621–1686), 168, 355

Elwin, Fountain (1842), 109
Clay, William Keatinge (1839), 461, 475 Encyclopædia Britannica, 193
Clerke, Richard (-1634), 475

Erasmus, Desiderus (1467—1536), 27
Cobbet, Thomas (1608-1686), 108, 271, 273. | Erskine, Ebenezer (1680-1754), 407-9
311

Eusebius (267–338), 43
Coleman, John Noble (1863), 23

Evans, Alfred Bowen (1852), 108, 110
Collinges, John (1623–1690), 417, 420

Evans, Christmas (1766—1838), 244
“Comprehensive Bible, The” [S. Bagster's], Evans, James Harrington (1785—1849), 235,
234, 236, 238, 254, 277,

310
Conant, Thomas J. (1871), 168, 175, 238 Everard, John (1653), 242
Cotton, John (1585—1652), 313

Ewald, Henrich (1853 ?), 240
Cowper, William (1731–1800), 28 (Poetry)

Faber, Frederick William (1852), 78 (Poetry)
Cox, F. A. (1852). 378

Farindon, Anthony (1596—1658), 231
Cragge, John (1657), 406

Fausset, A. R. (1866), 29, 31, 42, 54, 68, 83,
Cramer, Johann Andreas (1723-1788), 478

85, 89, 99, 128, 145, 173, 190, 199, 235, 241,
Crane, Thomas (1672), 358, 394, 479

252, 285, 353, 379, 460, 461, 476
Cresswell, Daniel (1776—1844), 6, 189, 333, Featley, Daniel (1582--1645), 149
393, 469

Fenn, Warwell (1830), 314
Crouch, William (1708), 351

Fenton, Thomas (1732), 195, 241, 313, 353,
Cruden, Alexander (1701–1770), 378

377, 461

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