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ally carried out. It produces and encourages in the learners an eager observation of all that occurs around them, and awakens the spirit of inquiry, finding vent in questions us to how and why concerning what they see taking place. Out of this grows the use of question forms and a readiness to comprehend and eventually produce good descriptions of actions and events, the basis of all composition.

This method can be employed under the manual method by the use of finger-spelling or writing, but it is of special value to teachers following the oral method. For this it has added advantages in increasing the power of rapid lip-reading and easy repetition of consecutive sentences. A fuller gain still is the opportunity, when going over a lesson, to intersperse subjective phrases somewhat after the -manner followed in "Class-room Conversations in French " (French Series), by the same authors.

These hints for conversation may appear in English form later, but this will probably depend on the reception given to the books here under review, or possibly less formal methods will be adopted for suggesting these in some of our circulating educational papers, where adaptation to the deaf can be made their sole object.

It is not for a moment supposed that these Series lessons are to do away with all methods and lessons already employed in the various schools, or to stand in the way of other studies. When employed they will soon prove their own value and, besides, their intrinsic worth will be found to open many doors to the easier acquisition of the language of books—literature—for they do in truth by art supply the place of the colloquial language possessed by hearing children before coming to school, in their case unconsciously gathered and stored up by the ear and memory.

I have not attempted here to give the variety of exercises, both intuitive and grammatical, to which these lessons lend themselves. My aim has simply been to draw attention to the store of valuable educational matter contained in these books. May they indeed conduce, as they are so well adapted to do, to place in the possession of our deaf a readier command of the English language!

SUSANNA E. HULL, Woodvale, ttexUy, Kent, England.


Gallaudet College,
Washington, D. C., March 15, 1898.

As announced in the formal call published in the January number of the Annals, the Convention of American Instructors of the Deaf will hold its fifteenth meeting in the Ohio Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, at Columbus, beginning on Thursday, July 28, 1898.

The Convention will be called to order at 3 o'clock in the afternoon of that day, when addresses of welcome and responses will be made.

It is not practicable at this time to publish any program in detail, but members will be interested to know that the Committees on the Normal, Industrial, Oral, Auricular, and Kindergarten sections have been for some time actively engaged in preparing for the work in their respective branches, with every assurance of being able to secure valuable papers, and to arrange for interesting and profitable discussions.

The Convention will probably remain in session a week, and members, both active and honorary, will be entertained at the small charge of seventy-five cents per day each.

Mr. J. W. Jones, Superintendent of the Ohio Institution, has been appointed Local Committee of Arrangemerits, and to him due notice should be given of purpose to attend the Convention.

Mr. Jones has assurances from railroad officials that very favorable rates will be granted, but is not able to give details until a later date.

All persons desiring to present papers, or wishing to suggest subjects for discussion, are requested to communicate with the chairmen of the Section Committees, as follows:

A. S. Clark, Normal Section, School for the Deaf, Hartford, Conn.

Warren Robinson, Industrial Section, School for the Deaf, Delavan, Wis.

Joseph C. Gordon, Oral Section, Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Jacksonville, 111.

Philip G. Gillett, Art Section, Jacksonville, 111.

J. A. Gillespie, Auricular Section, Gillespie School for the Deaf, Omaha, Neb.

Mary McCowen, Kindergarten Section, McCowen Oral School, 6550 Yale Avenue, Chicago, 111.

As the coming meeting of the Convention will be the first held since the adoption of a constitution, and the passage by Congress of an act conferring corporate powers on the Convention, the members of the Standing Executive Committee express the hope that members of the profession and others interested in the education of the deaf, especially trustees aud directors of schools, in the countries occupying the continent of America, will show their interest in the old organization under its new and promising conditions by being present in large numbers at Columbus.

A cordial invitation is also extended to instructors of the deaf in other countries than those of the American continent to attend the Columbus meeting as honorary members of the Convention.

In behalf of the Committee,

Prevalent of the Convention.


Gallaudet College.—A colossal bust of the Abbe de I'Ept'-e by the deaf sculptor, Felix Plessis, has been presented by the deaf people of France to President Gallaudet, in grateful recognition of his advocacy of the Combined System of instruction. It will be unveiled on Presentation Day.

Kansas School.—Miss Myrtle Foote has resigned her position as teacher, and is succeeded by Mr. C. D. Adams, late boys' supervisor.

Michigan School.—Miss Belle Schrikema, a teacher in the School since 1895, died February 27, 1898, in Butterworth Hospital, Grand Rapids, Michigan. She had typhoid fever last summer, followed by quick consumption, but kept at her work of teaching until just before Christmas. She was graduated from the School in 1895. During her last year as a pupil she taught a class half of each day, and immediately after graduation was appoin ted a regular teacher. Her associates say of her that "she was earnest and efficient. Her ambition and delight were to confer on her pupils what she had herself received—the priceless boon of education. Her work did not cease with the close of the daily school session. She mingled with the pupils, and by her friendly sympathy exerted a wholesome Christian influence."

Missouri School.—The Board of Regents of the University of Missouri have passed a resolution admitting the graduates of this School, without examination, into the schools of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts connected with the University.

North Carolina (Jforgantori) School.—The erection of a new school-building has been begun. It is to be built of brick, with a slate roof, and is to be completed by September 15. The wood-work will be done by the Wood-Working Department of the School.

Ohio Institution.—Miss Letitia Doaue, who has been connected with the Institution as a teacher for nine years, six in the manual department and three in the oral, has resigned her position to take charge of a class of four pupils in La Salle, Illinois. She is succeeded by Miss Anna Clark, who has been a teacher in the New York Institution for the past two years. Virginia School.—The name of the School has been changed by the legislature to " The Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind."


Russian Schools.—Mr. C. Horschelmann, Director of the Gotthard Institution at Fennern, Livonia, in a recent report to the Volta Bureau, supplementing its statistics in regard to Russian Schools, says:

We have in Russia a total of 26 institutions for the deaf, viz: In Fiiiland six, having some 400 pupils: in the Baltic Provinces six, having some 200 pupils • in Russia proper thirteen, having some 700 pupils: in Warsaw one, having some (?)*, making a total of 26 institutions with 1,300 pupils and 200 teachers.

In Finland all of the schools are State institutions, aud involve au annual expenditure by the Finnish Government of some 200,000 mark?. According to the census of 1890,the enumerators reported 2,767 deaf-mutes, of whom 629 were of school age (8-12 years'). In Uussia proper only two institutions are supported by the Imperial Government; the remainder are sustained by municipalities, associations, benefactions, contributions, collections, interest on trust funds, and pay pupils. There are three normal institutions, respectively, in Fennern, Mitau, aud recently in St. Petersburg. According to an article on Deaf-Mutism in the most recent edition of Schwabach's " Mediciuigche Realencyklopiidie," !>7£ per cent, of the Russian deaf are uneducated. In Finland all institutions have separate Oral and Manual departments. In the Baltic Provinces the Oral method prevails: of the thirteen institutions of Russia proper six are Oral, two follow the Manual method, and the rest the Combined System.

The Trans-Mississippi Educational Convention.—In connection with the Exposition to be held at Omaha, Nebraska, during the coming summer, an Educational Convention will be held June 28, 29, and 30. One department of the Convention will be devoted to teachers of the deaf and of the blind, and will be under the direction of Mr. J. A. Gillespie, of the Gillespie School for the Deaf, Omaha, Nebraska.

* This Institution reports to the Volta Bureau direct us having 40 teachers and 201 pupils.

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