Convicts and the Colonies: A Study of Penal Transportation from Great Britain and Ireland to Australia and Other Parts of the British Empire

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Melbourne University Press, 1977 - Political Science - 399 pages
This foundation text presents a close look at the transportation system that sets it in its context as one of various modes of punishment used in the English penal system. It considers the reformatory as well as the deterrent features of the system.

The author reminds us that Australia was not the only colony to which British statesmen wanted to send their felons, and discusses projects of transportation to the American colonies and South Africa. He throws light on some of the considerations which led to the foundation of Australia and the 'choice of Botany Bay'.

His discussion of the character of the convicts settles many of the longstanding arguments about the criminality of Australia's founders by subjecting their records to rigorous scrutiny.

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Cost of Convicts N S W 17861800 page
Distribution of Male Convicts N S W 18141820
Cost of Convicts N S W and W D L 18011821

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About the author (1977)

A. G. L. Shaw is Emeritus Professor of History at Monash University and has had a distinguished career as a scholar in Australia. He is a Fellow of the Australian Academies of the Humanities and of the Social Sciences and has been president of the Royal Historical Society of Victoria. In 1982 he was awarded the A.O. for services to education. Professor Shaw has published widely.

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