First Report, July 1973

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Australian Government Publishing Service, 1973 - Aboriginal Australians - 84 pages
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Report chiefly concerned with Northern Territory; statement of terms of enquiry; background information; notes on origins, traditional life, population estimate for 1788; lack of congruence of Aboriginal concept of land holding and those applied in European law; social organization, dialect groupings (not named), relationship of individuals to clan group; clan membership timeless; nature of social, economic and religious relationship of clan to land, certain cases of trusteeship; general comments about NT reserves and missions; Aborigines on NT cattle stations (chiefly quotes extracts from Gibb Committee report) including demographic statistics; NT Aborigines in towns (1971 census); problem of determining current strengths of ties to land; problems involved in giving recognition to traditional Aboriginal land tenure, including situation on reserves (vesting of title, existing rights); national parks; wildlife reserves; crown land; pastoral leases (notes effects of Gibb Committee recommendations, also question of protection of sacred sites); gives list of issues which Aboriginal claimants might find useful to consider; question of financial compensation not within terms of enquiry; views of urban Aborigines (Darwin, including Larrakia people); Incorporation; need for provision for vesting of title in groups of Aborigines and for development of special flexible regulations pertaining to commercial activities; question of allocation of funds; land usage (current activities & possible future developments); grazing and agriculture, forestry, fisheries, tourism; services and facilities (roads, water, schools, medical) in relation to land rights; conservation of wildlife; mineral rights (issue of whether should be complete or partial, royalties); recommendations and suggestions; establishment of regional land councils (system of representation), and to smaller groups, vesting of titles in community land boards, form of title; summary (prepared chiefly for NT Aborigines); Appendix A; Aboriginal Reserves in NT - gives statistics of present area, date of establishment, population; Appendix B; descriptive notes of some Aboriginal communities (aspects covered include history, population, staff, welfare, housing, medical & educational facilities, employment, wages, pensions) - Bathurst Island and Garden Point Missions, Snake Bay, Angurugu, Umbakumba, Yirrkala, Milingimbi, Maningrida, Hermannsburg, Santa Teresa, Yuendumu, Papunya, Docker River; notes on purchase by Commonwealth of Willowra Station (Walpiri country) for Aborigines, problems of land allocation in relation to local clan structure; Appendix C; Survey of Aborigines on NT cattle stations - data from government census and from surveys carried out by J.E. Bern; area south of Arnhem Land, east of Beswick reserve; population distribution in terms of linguistic groups on following stations; Elsey, Hodgson Downs, Mountain Valley, Moroak, Urapunga, Roper Valley, Mataranka, Mainoru; Linguistic groups; Mangarai, Yangman, Jingali, Alawa, Mara, Rembarrnga, Ritarrngu, Jimba, Ngalkan, Gupapuyngu, Ngandi, Jauan, Garawa, Niyabuinga, Goodanji, Ganalbingu, Walpiri, Mudbra, Wagaman, Wandarang, Mund, Burera; Cattle stations N.E. of Alice Springs (data from Bern); Aileron, Bushy Park, McDonald Downs, Ooratippra, Ti Tree, Tobermory, Utopia, Waite River, Woola Downs, Yambah; Tribal groups; Aranda, Aljawarra, Anmitjira, Kaiditj; Appendix D; Descriptions of tribes and ethnic blocs, prepared by N. Peterson; Groups; Tiwi, Anintilyaugwa, Nunggupuyu, Murngin, Aranda, Walpiri, Pintupi, Pitjantjatjara; gives traditional and present locations, nature of relationship to land, early contacts (e.g. Macassan, Japanese, European) and mission for each).

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