Vote Ferguson for Aboriginal Freedom : a Biography
Biography of William Ferguson, an Aboriginal man from NSW, who dedicated his life to the cause of Aboriginal advancement, particularly in terms of full citizenship rights and the abolition of the NSW Aborigines Protection Board; also a socio political history of Aboriginal / white relations in NSW for the past sixty years; formation of the Aborigines Protection Association (and its activities) and the NSW Aborigines Protection Board; Ferguson's family history and his childhood, including a brief stay at Warangesda Mission (started by Rev. John Gribble); history of NSW shearing industry, Fergusons employment in it and his involvement in the Australian Workers Union; detailed history of the NSW Aborigines Protection Board, its involvement in the running of reserves; policies toward half castes v. full blood Aborigines and assimilation; the Aborigines Protection Acts; in depth accounts of reserve life, discussing many by name, under Board management; common diseases, poor health facilities, segregated schools, inadequate housing (conditions described) control by local police sergeants, management by husband - wife teams doubling as teacher and nurse, training homes for children and apprenticeship policy, prohibition against liquor, differential wages and payment by shop order, rationing of supplies, lack of welfare benefits; Fergusons involvement in setting up the Aborigines Progressive Association, detailed account of its activities especially regarding the Protection Board; policies and motions put forth at annual meetings; activities of the Association for the Protection of Native Races, Australian Aborigines League, and the Committee for Aboriginal Citizen Rights, and of other Aborigines and whites who worked in these organizations; Day of Mourning - 1938 Australia Day rally; Select Committe of 1938 to review Board activities; creation of NSW Aborigines Welfare Board to replace the Protection Board, its policies and activities (including exemption certificates, promoting farming on reserves, closing many reserves, improving general conditions); requests for citizenship rights and representation in Parliament; first political manifesto, Aborigines claim citizenship rights, Long range policy for Aborigines put forth to PM Lyons, beginning of Australian Abo Call magazine; State, Federal and ALP policies toward Aborigines; Malgoa Home incident; effects of WWII and political idealogies on Government activities regarding Aborigines; Fergusons political involvement with William Cooper, John Patten, Pearl Gibbs, Herbert Groves, William Onus, Pastor Sir Douglas Nicholls, and others; his election to the Welfare Board and involvement in its activities; break with the ALP and his unsuccessful bid for a parliamentary seat as an Independent; makes brief reference to the following tribes; Wiradjuri, Koinberi, Wongaibon, Barkenji, Widjabal and Bandjalong in NSW and PItjantjatjara (SA); Appendices include NSW Aborigines Protection Act (1909), Aborigines claim citizenship rights, regulations under Protection Acts, 1915-1940.
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On the Welfare Board
A Strong Spokesman Needed
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Aboriginal blood Aboriginal children Aborigines Protection Act Aborigines Protection Board Aborigines Welfare Board Albert Thompson amendments Angledool APNR appointed Australian Aborigines Baddeley Bate Bill Brewarrina Bulgandramine CACR campaign camps Chaffey Chief Secretary child citizen rights conference Coonabarabran Council Cumeroogunga Danvers Darlington Point Day of Mourning Department deputation Doug Nicholls Dubbo Dubbo Dispatch elected European Federal full-blood girls Gulargambone H. S. Groves half-castes Herbert Groves houses Inspector Jack Kinchela Jack Patten John Patten June Labor Party land later League letter living manager Mark Davidson meeting Melbourne Menindee ment Michael Sawtell Minister mission Mulgoa Northern Territory NSW Aborigines Protection officers organised Parliament Pastor Pearl Gibbs Perouse Personal interview Pettitt political politicians Progressive Association Public Service Board Queensland rations Sawtell shearers shearing social South Wales speech Stephensen Strack Sydney Talbragar town Union Victoria vote wages Walter Page Warangesda workers