Fire and the Design of Educational Buildings
H.M. Stationery Office, 1988 - Building - 40 pages
This bulletin offers guidance on English school premises regulations applying to safety protection against fires in the following general areas: means of escape in case of fire; precautionary measures to prevent fire; fire warning systems and fire fighting; fire spreading speed; structures and materials resistant to fires; and damage control. It includes major revisions in the requirements for means of escape and the requirements aimed specifically at the designers of new construction. It also provides recommendations on planning and construction of escape routes dealing primarily with the number, width, location and construction of these routes. The use of fire resistant construction in its ability to restrict the spread of smoke and flame are explored as are suggestions on installing wiring equipment; everyday precautions occupants should observe if other precautions are not to be nullified; the ways fires can be prevented through careful design, management, and maintenance practice; and ideas for limiting fire damage. (GR)
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accommodation alarm alternative escape routes alternative exits apply area of high assembly hall boiler room Bulletin cavity barriers ceiling surfaces Class clear closed compartment considered construction contain corridor dead-end described Diagram dual dual-purpose area educational electric elements ensure equipment exceed existing buildings exit doors external extinguishers final exit fire doors fire fighting fire resistance fixed forming furniture gallery ground floor high fire risk horizontal circulation area inner room installed laboratories leading least less limit materials Maximum means of escape metres minutes necessary normally occupants officer paragraph particular persons planning possible preferably prevention principles protected corridor protected lobby protected stairway recommendations relating roof room exit rooms opening safety separate serves single smoke smoke control space spread of flame stairway enclosure Standards storey structure surface spread Table term wall and ceiling width