Academic workplace: new demands, heightened tensions
Ann E. Austin, Zelda F. Gamson, ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education, Association for the Study of Higher Education, National Institute of Education (U.S.)
Association for the Study of Higher Education, 1983 - Education - 122 pages
Pressures that have negatively affected the work environments of colleges are identified, and research concerning the work experience of faculty and administrators is reviewed. The effect of the extrinsic and intrinsic elements on faculty members' work is considered, including their power and autonomy, their relationships to the institution, and the outcomes of their work. Extrinsic factors include workload and the opportunity structure, while intrinsic factors pertain more to the nature of the work itself, as well the responsibilities and autonomy of the staff member. Attention is also directed to productivity of the faculty member, job satisfaction, and morale. Recommendations concerning the articulation of institutional mission, task and decisionmaking structures, and career planning and staff development are offered. Appended are tables that summarize the research on the work experience of faculty and administrators (presidents, mid-level, and other). Each table is divided into sections paralleling the major topical areas of the text. Studies supporting the major research findings are also listed. In addition, tables present important issues and questions not yet answered concerning the work experience of faculty, administrators, and support staff. A subject index to the 1983 ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Research Report series is included.
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External Pressures Affecting the University and College
The Culture of Higher Education
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academic American Association Association for Higher auton autonomy available EDRS Bess Blackburn Blau Buxton campus career Carnegie Council Carnegie Foundation Cohen and March colleges and universities collegial structure commitment deans and department decision decline department chairs dissatisfaction dissertation Educa Education Research Report effects employees experience external pressures extrinsic faculty members Finkelstein 1978 Fulton and Trow governance Higher Education Research increases Institutional Research intrinsic dimensions intrinsic factors involved Job Satisfaction Jossey-Bass Kanter Kauffman Kemerer Kenen and Kenen Ladd limited Management ment mid-level administrators middle administrators officers Opportunity structure organizational organizational commit organizations outcomes Parsons and Platt participation PC not available percent Ph.D positions presidents problems productivity profes professional professors programs relationship responsibilities Robert role conflict Schurr Scott Social staff status Stecklein 1981 tasks teaching tenure Tierney tion tional tive ulty universities and colleges University of Michigan Washington Willie and Stecklein workplace York