Mastering Chinese Modal Particles and Interjections
Modal particles play a crucial role in the oral communication and literary writing of the Chinese language. Appropriate use of them enables us to accurately convey emotions, feelings and other paralinguistic information. They also play a big part in forming questions, and are widely used in yes-no questions, rhetorical questions, alternative questions, and 5W & 1 H questions as a sentence-final particle. They cannot be directly translated, as there is no English equivalent. To most English speakers, they are tricky, confusing and difficult to deal with.Modal particles are not the only obstacle which prevents us from being able to speak good Chinese. There is also a small group of words called interjections. Like modal particles, their function is also to help the speaker express emotions or sentiments. They always come before the utterance, and frequently appear as one-word sentences. Interjections and modal particles are used most often in everyday dialogue, or literary writing such as a novel, and are rarely seen in formal writing vis-a-vis official announcements or scholarly papers which mainly convey facts and viewpoints, rather than express emotions or make enquiries.The purpose of writing this book is to help advanced Chinese language learners familiarise themselves with verbal emotional expressions. This easy-to-understand grammar guide not only introduces modal particles and interjections in a thorough and systematic manner, but also provides learners with a large number of example sentences to deepen your grammatical understanding and improve your fluency. However, buying a grammar book will not necessarily improve your language skills. Please set yourself a goal, and at your own pace work your way through this book. Soon you will be able to express your feelings and emotions like a native speaker of Mandarin Chinese.
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