Foreign Bodies: Oceania and the Science of Race 1750-1940
Bronwen Douglas, Chris Ballard
ANU E Press, 2008 - Australia - 352 pages
"The collection investigates the reciprocal significance of Oceania for the science of race, and of racial thinking for Oceania, during the two centuries after 1750, giving 'Oceania' a broad definition that encompasses the Pacific Islands, Australia, New Guinea, New Zealand, and the Malay Archipelago. We aim to denaturalize the modernist scientific concept of race by means of a dual historical strategy: tracking the emergence of the concept in western Europe at the end of the eighteenth century, its subsequent normalization, and its practical deployment in Oceanic contexts; and exposing the tensions, inconsistencies, and instability of rival discourses. Under the broad rubrics of dereifying race and decentring Europe, these essays make several distinctive and innovative contributions. First, they locate the formulation of particular racial theories and the science of race generally at the intersections of metropolitan biology or anthropology and encounters in the field a relatively recent strategy in the history of ideas. We neither dematerialize ideas as purely abstract and discursive nor reduce them to social relations and politics, but ground them personally and circumstantially in embodied human interactions."--Provided by publisher.
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Foreign Bodies in Oceania
science and the racialization of human
Anon Crania collectionis meae quina selectissima adumbrat ad totidem
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Aboriginal African animals Anthropology appearance Archipelago Australian authority belief biological Blumenbach British Buffon century Chapter characters Christian civilization claimed collection colonial colour common comparative concept Crawfurd cultural Cuvier described descriptions discourses discussion distinct diversity division Douglas Dumont early edition emphasis encounters European evidence field Figure Forster France French George groups Guinea half-caste History human human species hybridity idea Indian indigenous inferior inhabitants intellectual Islands James John Journal Land language late later London Malay missionary moral native natural natural history naturalists naturelle Negro observations Oceania Oceanic organic original Pacific Papuans Paris particular physical Polynesians position present Prichard published question race racial reference region relations religious remains savages scientific single skulls social Société Society South species Stocking term theory Topinard travellers types unity University Press varieties vols volume Voyage Wallace Western Zealand