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Books Books 21 - 30 of 86 on ... an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury....
" ... an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage anticipated. "
Endless Torment: The 1991 Uprising in Iraq and Its Aftermath - Page 34
by Eric Goldstein, Middle East Watch (Organization) - 1992 - 66 pages
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Human Rights in Burma (Myanmar).

James Goldston, Asia Watch Committee (U.S.) - Political Science - 1990 - 58 pages
...and to minimi/e barm to civilians as far as possible. The guerrillas musí refrain from attacks which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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Land Mines in Cambodia: The Coward's War, September 1991

Physicians for Human Rights (U.S.) - Cambodia - 1991 - 129 pages
...method or means of delivery which cannot be directed at a specific military objective; or (c) which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian 2 A military objective is defined as "any object which by its nature, location, purpose or use makes...
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Needless Deaths in the Gulf War: Civilian Casualties During the Air Campaign ...

Persian Gulf War, 1991 - 1991 - 402 pages
...to civilians and damage to civilian objects; iii) refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage The US Government regards this article as declaratory of existing law: We support the principle that...
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Individual Responsibility in International Law for Serious Human Rights ...

Lyal S. Sunga - Law - 1992 - 227 pages
...the Protocol requires the parties to a conflict to "refrain from deciding to launch any attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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War Crimes in Bosnia-Hercegovina, Volume 1

Helsinki Watch (Organization : U.S.), Ivana Nizich - Bosnia and Hercegovina - 1993 - 359 pages
...29 ICRC Commentary, p. 1470. 30 Article 51(5)(b) formulates this rule as follows: "an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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Hidden Death: Landmines and Civilian Casualties in Iraqi Kurdistan

Middle East Watch (Organization) - Political Science - 1992 - 67 pages
...of proportionality; at article 3(3)(c) it prohibits as indiscriminate any placement of mines "which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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Bloodshed in the Caucasus: Escalation of the Armed Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh

Rachel Denber, Robert K. Goldman - Atrocities - 1992 - 84 pages
...other area containing a similar concentration of civilians or civilian objects; and b. an attack which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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The Gulf War of 1980-1988: The Iran-Iraq War in International Legal Perspective

Iger F. Dekker, Harry H. G. Post, Nederlands Instituut voor Sociaal en Economisch Recht - Law - 1992 - 314 pages
...expression also in Article 51(5)(b) of Protocol I, according to which an attack is prohibited, if the loss of civilian life, injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof 'would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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Land Mines in Angola

Angola - 1993 - 69 pages
...casualties and damage to civilian objects. It thus prohibits as indiscriminate any placement of mines "which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects, or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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Landmines: A Deadly Legacy

Physicians for Human Rights (U.S.) - Law - 1993 - 510 pages
...method or means of delivery which cannot be directed at a specific military objective; or, (c) which may be expected to cause incidental loss of civilian...injury to civilians, damage to civilian objects or a combination thereof, which would be excessive in relation to the concrete and direct military advantage...
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