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Adour allies Arcangues artillery assailed attack battalions batteries battle battle of Vittoria Bayonne Beresford Bidassoa Bidouze blockade breach bridge brigade British camp Catalonia cavalry centre chap Clauzel colonel column command commenced Copons corps D'Erlon defence detachment duke Ebro Echallar enemy enemy's English entrenched fight fire flank force fortress France French army front garrison guns Harispe heights Hill Hill's hundred infantry Jean Pied latter Lerida light division lord Wellington lord William lord William Bentinck Meanwhile menaced Mequinenza miles military Morillo mountains movement Murray Napoleon night Nive numbers officers operations Pampeluna pass Peyrehorade Pied de Port Pierre Soult Portugal Portuguese position rear regiment reinforced retreat Rhune ridge right bank river road San Sebastian sent seventh division side siege sir John sixth division skirmishers soldiers Soult Spain Spaniards Spanish Suchet Taragona thousand tion Tortoza troops Urumea Val Carlos Valencia valley village Villefranque whole wounded
Page 217 - ... power to inflict instantaneous punishment, death if it be necessary. Finally, as reward for extraordinary valour should keep pace with chastisement for crimes committed under such temptation, it would be fitting that money, apportioned to the danger and importance of the service, should be insured to the successful troops and always paid without delay. This money might be taken as ransom from enemies, but if the inhabitants are friends, or too poor, government should furnish the amount. With...
Page 130 - Somerset, the only staff-officer who had kept up with him, galloped with these orders out of Sauroren by one road, the French light cavalry dashed in by another, and the English general rode alone up the mountain to reach his troops. One of Campbell's Portuguese battalions first descried him and raised a cry of joy, and the shrill clamour caught up by the next regiments swelled as it ran along the line into that stern and appalling shout which the British soldier is wont to give upon the edge of...
Page lxiv - I have long been of opinion that a British army could bear neither success nor failure, and I have had manifest proofs of the truth of this opinion in the first of its branches in the recent conduct of the soldiers of this army. They have plundered the country most terribly, which has given me the greatest concern.
Page 682 - Wellington's caution, springing from that source, has led friends and foes alike into wrong conclusions as to his system of war; the French call it want of enterprise, timidity; the English have denominated it the Fabian system. These are mere phrases. His system was the same as that of all great generals. He held his army in hand, keeping it with unmitigated labour always in a fit state to march or to fight, and acted indifferently as occasion offered on the offensive or defensive, displaying in...
Page 215 - The modern soldier is not necessarily the stern bloody-handed man the ancient soldier was, there is as much difference between them as between the sportsman and the butcher...
Page 685 - Orthes, the crowning battle of Toulouse ! To say that he committed faults is only to say that he made war; to deny him the qualities of a great commander is to rail against the clear mid-day sun for want of light. How few of his combinations failed. How many battles he fought, victorious in all ! Iron hardihood of body, a quick and sure vision, a grasping mind, untiring power of thought, and the habit of laborious minute investigation and arrangement ; all these qualities he possessed, and with them...
Page 217 - ... assault be expressly made criminal by the articles of war, with a due punishment attached ; let it be constantly impressed upon the troops that such conduct is as much opposed to military honour and discipline as it is to morality ; let a select permanent body of men receiving higher pay form a part of the army, and be charged to follow storming columns to aid in preserving order, and with power to inflict instantaneous punishment, death if it be necessary. Finally, as reward for extraordinary...
Page 685 - Slight therefore is the resemblance to the Fabian warfare. And for the Englishman's hardiness and enterprise bear witness the passage of the Douro at Oporto, the capture of Ciudad Rodrigo, the storming of...
Page lxxii - ... two, more or less, British regiments ; and that after having been shut in for ten months, they have not prepared the works necessary for their defence, notwithstanding the repeated remonstrances of general Graham and the British officers on the danger of omitting them.